The Space Shuttle Case
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The Space Shuttle Case [email protected] January 28 th 1986. Space Shuttle Challenger. The Challenger Crew. Mike Smith Dick Scobee Ron McNair Ellison Onizuka Christa McAuliffe Greg Jarvis Judith Resnik. Who was the Father of the U.S. Space Programme ???.

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January 28th 1986



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The Challenger Crew

Mike Smith Dick Scobee Ron McNair

Ellison Onizuka Christa McAuliffe Greg Jarvis Judith Resnik


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Who was the Father

of the U.S. Space Programme ???



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NASA’s Budget (in $ Billions)

Real

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

1959

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

* Adjusted for inflation using the 1967 Consumer Price Index


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NASA’s Employment

400000

350000

NASA

300000

Contractor

250000

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

1959

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965


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“When you look at employment numbers and key votes, the space program has an importance out of all proportion to its budget.”

John Ehrlichman

Chief Advisor to Nixon


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Marshall space program has an importance out of all proportion to its budget.”

Cape

Houston

Washington


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“For the first time ever it became apparent that space program has an importance out of all proportion to its budget.”cost would need the same considerations as the usual design parameters of weight and performance.”

Sam Beddingford

NASA Development Engineer


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“There is no question that the Media was somewhat awed by the many successes of NASA”.

“The press somehow came to believe that NASA was infallible and took the shuttle program too much for granted.

John Noble Wilford,

Pulitzer Prize winner

Science writer of the New York Times


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The definition of Criticality 1R is:- the many successes of NASA”.

“Loss of mission, vehicle and crew due to metal erosion, burn through, and probable case burst resulting in fire and deflagration.”


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Safing the many successes of NASA”.

Payload Operations

Maintenance and

Checking

Landing

Pre-launch

Vehicle Assembly

Payloads installed on pad

External Tank delivery

SRB cycle

Solid Rocket Booster

(SRB) Retrieval

SRB refurbishment


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“I think we tried to push the shuttle into the the many successes of NASA”.

operational phase so fast that quality control

suffered. People were working 12 hour days,

seven days a week, weeks or even months at a

stretch - that has an effect –

that’s when quality suffers.”

Bob Huddleston

NASA Quality Specialist


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“ If the Challenger disaster had not halted flights we would have been brought to our knees anyway by the spring of ‘86.”

Horace LambethNASA Director of Engineering


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“The Flight Readiness Review process developed by Lucas was simply not doing the job. It established a political situation within NASA in which no centre could come to a review and say that it was ‘not ready’……...


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“Puff of black smoke” was simply not doing the job. It established a political situation within NASA in which no centre could come to a review and say that it was ‘not ready’……...

As predicted.

the primary O ring

fails on ignition.


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23 Feb 1986 NASA - Managing Risk or was simply not doing the job. It established a political situation within NASA in which no centre could come to a review and say that it was ‘not ready’……... Taking Risks?The Sunday Times

NASA has released a report estimating the risk of the shuttle’s booster rocket failing at One in 60,000. But a study sponsored by the US Airforce and made available to NASA in December 1983, gave risk estimates of one in ……..?


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“Disasters happen when decisions are made by people who cannot remember what the consequences were last time”


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February 1st 2003 cannot remember what the consequences were last time”


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NASA admit that despite knowing about Colombia tile damage they didn’t bother to inspect for damage..

  • “We didn’t believe that pictures would be useful to us…. there was zero that we could have done anyway so, we decided not even to take them”

Ron Dittemore

Colombia Programme Manager

1st Feb 2003


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New York Times 3 they didn’t bother to inspect for damage..rd Feb 2003

It has been revealed that NASA fired 5 out of 9 members of their Shuttle Safety Panel last March after they had criticised standards.

The Panel had warned that safety work “had deteriorated” and that “short term planning had delayed planned improvements”.


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2 Final Questions: they didn’t bother to inspect for damage..

Who decides?

Would you??


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