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Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Africa. Second largest continent in the world. Some parts have constant drought Can be land of rocky dust or desert Example: Sahara Desert in North Africa. Other parts get 400 inches of rain a year Can be land of lush, green rainforests

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geographic contrasts
Second largest continent in the world.

Some parts have constant drought

Can be land of rocky dust or desert

Example: Sahara Desert in North Africa

Other parts get 400 inches of rain a year

Can be land of lush, green rainforests

South Africa has fertile soil and vegetation.

Geographic Contrasts
early african people
Early African People
  • First Humans appeared in Great Rift Valley
  • Nomadic lifestyle until they learned to domesticate animals
  • Lived in clans
  • Religion included animism – a religion where people believe that spirits are present in animals, plants, and other natural forces.
kingdom of aksum
Kingdom of Aksum
  • Located by the Red Sea = modern day Ethiopia
  • Took over many important areas and became an important center of trade
  • Traded with Egypt, Arabia, Persia, India and the Roman Empire at Aksum’s key sea port called ANDULIS
trade in aksum
Trade in Aksum
  • Items traded: salt, rhinoceros horns, tortoise shells, ivory, emeralds, and gold
  • Imported cloth, glass, olive oil, wine, brass, iron and copper
aksum religion
Aksum Religion
  • Traditionally monotheistic
  • God called Mahrem and their king Ezana was a direct descendent of him.
  • Offered sacrifices- animals
  • King Ezana converted to Christianity
  • In 451 A.D., Ethiopia and Egypt with become Orthodox and split from Roman Catholic
aksumite architecture
Aksumite Architecture
  • Developed unique architecture using stone instead of mud bricks to build palaces and buildings
  • Used NO MORTAR
  • Instead they carved stones to fit together tightly
  • Built huge stone pillars called Stelae to celebrate king’s conquests
fall of aksum
Fall of Aksum
  • Aksum lasted for 800 years
  • Fell to invaders who practiced Islam
africa1

Africa

West African Kingdoms

slide13
Ghana is the land of gold

Two most important trading goods:

1. Gold

2. Salt

Gold came from the Savanna

Salt deposits were found in the Sahara Desert

This important trade of gold and salt took place on the trans-Saharan trade

The king was the only one allowed to keep gold nuggets. This way he could keep the price of gold high.

slide17
Mali
  • Like Ghana, Mali became wealthy because of gold.
  • A man name MansaMusa became leader of Mali. He was a devout Muslim.
  • Because of Mansa Musa, Mali grew to become twice the size of Ghana.
  • The city of Timbuktu became a center of trade and learning because Mansa Musa ordered mosques and universities to be built.
  • Timbuktu is the location of the House of Wisdom
songhai1
Songhai
  • After Mali declined, people broke away and formed a new civilization near the Niger river.
  • Two great rulers name:
    • 1. Sunni Ali
    • 2. Askia Muhammad
songhai2
Songhai
  • Sunni Ali captured the city of Timbuktu.
  • Askia Muhammad was an excellent administrator. He set up an efficient taxsystem and chose able officials.
  • Later they were taken over by the Moroccans who were fighting with guns.
pictures cited
Pictures Cited
  • Slide 1 - http://www.newbornbooks.com/african_sunset.gif
  • Slide 2 – http://www.massmuvtravel.com/_img/nkrumahmonument.jpg
  • Slide 4 –
    • Picture 1 – http://www.remnantsofritual.com/photos/035_StaffFinial.jpg
    • Picture 2 – http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/41897000/jpg/_41897952_goldbars_bbc_1998_416.jpg
  • Slide 5 –
    • Picture 1 – http://www.ghanaweb.biz/GHP/img/pics/38278553.jpg
    • Picture 2 – http://www.marshall.edu/akanart/images/ohenekra.jpg
  • Slide 6 - http://www.whats4eats.com/graphics/cuisine/mali.jpg
  • Slide 8 – http://www.mrdowling.com/images/609mosque.jpg
  • Slide 9 – http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/sghi/hg_d_sghi_d2map.jpg
  • Slie 10 - http://archives.cnn.com/2000/WORLD/africa/01/03/africa.economies/mali.timbuktu.jpg
pictures cited1
Pictures Cited
  • Slide 1 – http://www.cedcc.psu.edu/khanjan/ccKenya/048_African%20Sunset.JPG
  • Slide 3 - http://www1.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/1102986/2/istockphoto_1102986_salt_caravan_in_the_sahara_desert.jpg, http://photos.igougo.com/images/p195855-Timbuktu-The_Sahara_Desert.jpg, http://www.visituganda.com/assets/images/what/photos/008-Kibale-Chimptrees.jpg
  • Slide 4 - http://anthro.palomar.edu/earlyprimates/images/map_of_great_rift_valley.gif
  • Slide 5 - http://www.unganisha.org/home/docs/imgs/great_rift_valley/great_rift.jpg
  • Slide 6 - http://staff.harrisonburg.k12.va.us/~cwalton/walton/SOLPics/mapafricaaxum.JPG
  • Slide 7 - http://www.boneclones.com/images/ko252l_web-lg.jpg, http://www.trophyroomcollection.com/ivory/ivoryimg/ivory.JPG, http://www.emeralds.com/photos/lacruz.jpg
  • Slide 8 - http://wbchouston.org/files/Pictures/Christian.jpg
  • Slide 9 - http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=93423&rendTypeId=4
  • Slide 10 - http://www.weltgebetsuhr.de/wgb/bilder/kaaba/original/kaaba-09.jpg