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Derived lexemes. Kuiper and Allan Chapter 2.2.2 . Exercise. Find the constituent lexemes in the following complex lexemes: movement, lowly, nationhood. Morphemes. are the minimal building blocks of lexemes. Morphemes have: phonological form syntactic (or morpho-syntactic) function

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derived lexemes

Derived lexemes

Kuiper and Allan Chapter 2.2.2

exercise
Exercise
  • Find the constituent lexemes in the following complex lexemes:
    • movement, lowly, nationhood.
morphemes
Morphemes
  • are the minimal building blocks of lexemes.
  • Morphemes have:
    • phonological form
    • syntactic (or morpho-syntactic) function
    • meaning
  • Compositionality
    • When words have the meaning you would predict them to have on the basis of their constituents they are compositional in their semantics.
word formation rules
Word formation rules
  • operate on a BASE and create a new lexeme or set of lexemes.
    • The form of the base is the STEM of the new lexeme.
    • AFFIXES are attached to stems by word formation rules.
  • WFRs are sensitive to many different properties of bases.
    • e.g. -ity is sensitive to whether its base is a native word or not,
    • *alonity vs domesticity
word formation rules contd
Word formation rules (contd)
  • WFRs specify the form, grammatical category and meaning of derived lexemes.
  • WFRs can be associated with morpho-phonemic changes.
    • domestic domesticity
exercise6
Exercise
  • Look at the following bases and derived words:
    • commit commission
    • submit submission
    • admit admission
    • revert reversion
    • dominate domination
    • What change has taken place in the phonemic form of the base when it becomes a constituent of derived lexemes ending with the suffix -ion?
exercise7
Exercise
  • Separate the affixes from the following words and divide them into inflectional and derivational subclasses:
    • singularities, neglectful, soils, deliberation, sacrifices, artificially.