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Apprenticeship & Mentoring. iServe Africa MTC August 2013 Harrison Mungai Macharia Team Leader, iServe Africa. . Apprenticeship Programme. An ‘i’ driven process. “If its going to be, its up to me” A call for proactive engagement . Classical Roots of Mentoring.

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Apprenticeship mentoring

Apprenticeship & Mentoring

iServe Africa MTC August 2013

Harrison Mungai Macharia

Team Leader, iServe Africa.

An i driven process
An ‘i’ driven process

“If its going to be, its up to me”

A call for proactive engagement

Classical roots of mentoring
Classical Roots of Mentoring

The term mentoring was first used in Francois Fenelon’s The Adventures of Telemachus published in 1699. He had been charged to guide the personal formation of a future king of france, the grandson of Louis XIV.

He drew parallels with a chracter from ancient Greek Poet, Homer in his work The Odyssey.

Homer tells the story of King Odysseus, who when leaving his Kingdom of Ithaca to fight the Trojan war, entrusts his son Telemachus to the care of an old friend named Mentor.

Oddyseus mentor telemachus
Oddyseus, Mentor, Telemachus

Mentor’s principal actions in relation to telemachus were;

  • Affirming him about the state of affairs in Ithaca

  • Stirring up his determination to do something.

  • Travelling with him to find his father

  • Helping him to understand himself.

  • Giving him honest feedback.

  • Prompting him to think about what lies ahead and how to tackle it.

  • Making strategic introductions.

  • Assisting him to find resources for the task.

  • Reminding him of his fathers character and priorities.

Essential characteristics
Essential Characteristics

  • Mentoring is a relationship which gives two people an opportunity to share Spiritual, professional and personal experiences that result in growth.

  • Mentoring is based on encouragement, constructive feedback, openness, mutual trust, respect and willingness to share and learn.

  • Mentoring forms horizontal relationships from which both the mentor and the mentored can benefit.

Mentoring is different from
Mentoring is different from...

  • Coaching/Training

  • Spiritual Direction/Guidance

  • Counselling/Pastoral Care

  • Teaching/Instruction

  • Friendship/Camaraderie

    But may involve certain aspects of all the above.

Biblical background
Biblical Background.

  • Moses & Jethro

  • Jesus & The Disciples

  • Paul & Timothy, Titus, Barnabas, Silas

Learning from jesus
Learning from Jesus

  • Jesus and His relationship with the Disciples. One of his agendas in the call (Mark 3:14) was ‘’ To be with them… and then to send them out. NT view of mentoring is an emphasis of ‘being’ rather than ‘doing’

Learning from jesus1
Learning from Jesus

  • Read Matt. 16:5-28

    • In what different ways is Jesus interacting with his disciples here?

      • Listening

      • Challenging

      • Questioning

      • Affirming

    • What is Jesus focusing them on? What is the content of this mentoring?

Learning from jesus2
Learning from Jesus

  • Read Luke 10:17-24

    • How does Jesus debrief the disciples?

    • What is Jesus focusing them on?

Learning from jesus3
Learning from Jesus

  • Read Luke 24:13-53

    • What are the emotions and the changes of emotion in this chapter? What causes those changes?

    • What is Jesus focusing them on? What is going to be the means of their ongoing relationship with him, their ongoing discipleship and their preaching and their discipling of others?

Paul the master mentor
Paul the master mentor

  • Read 2 Timothy 1

    • What is the relationship between Paul and Timothy?

    • How is Paul encouraging and challenging Timothy?

    • What is the big thing that Paul is passing on to Timothy?

Paul the master mentor1
Paul the master mentor

  • Read 2 Timothy 3:10-17

    • What is the role of example in mentoring?

    • What sort of life is this that Timothy is to follow? How is this different from worldly mentors and coaches and examples?

    • What is going to fully equip Timothy?

    • What then is the role of the Scriptures in Christian mentoring?

What not to expect
What NOT to expect.

1. Having a messiah/saviour mindset.

2. To be told what to do.

3. An agony aunt/uncle

4. Answers for every question/solutions to every need.

5. Financial/Romantic involvement

6. The mentor to be pro-active and come to you and make all the arrangements and keep at it

An i driven process1
An ‘i’ driven process

“If its going to be, its up to me”

A call for proactive engagement

  • Approach your mentor/supervisor and respectfully ask for mentoring

  • Ask if dates can bbe put in the diary for next meeting – preferably weekly

  • If it is not happening keep asking then, if necessary, seek another mentor

Nuts bolts in mentoring
Nuts & Bolts in Mentoring

1. Ask the right questions. Listen.

2. Aim to help them problem solve (not solving their problem for them)

3. Take small steps and celebrate small accomplishments.

4. Build rapport

Nuts bolts
Nuts & Bolts

5. Have an agreement on who does what and by when - keep good records.

6. Follow through agreements.

7. Treat information with confidentiality.

The mentoring process
The Mentoring Process.

1.Build Rapport.

- Get acquainted with your supervisor/mentor.

2.Share Expectations.

Clarify why you are both interested relationship.

3.Observe and listen

  • Observe behaviors & understand status quo.

  • Ask background questions.

The mentoring process1
The Mentoring Process.

4. Need identification

  • Ask helpful questions.

  • Be clear about the needs to be addressed to arrive at long term solutions.

    5. Make an action plan together.

    6. Follow up.

    - Have a mid point to ensure evaluation.

    - Always evaluate together to ensure ownership of the mentorship results.


Disengage wisely.

Debrief (Review).

Dream about the future.

The mentoring process2
The Mentoring Process.

Above all remember the gospel:

As the foundation and context for your mentoring relationship – horizontal – two sinners saved by grace, on the same level at the foot of the Cross. The mentor is an example but not a guru – they are also a weak, imperfect sinner needing grace. In the many potentials for conflict and friction in your relationship, again grace will be essential.

As the content for your mentoring relationship. The mentor is constantly pointing away from themselves to the gospel of Christ crucified as the source of assurance and growth and strength.