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APA. The Basics Plus. Overview. The APA format The format for references The format for in-text citations . The APA format. Margins, Fonts, and Spacing Title page Body of the paper. Margins, Fonts, and Spacing . 1” margins 12-point font – Times New Roman preferred

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The Basics Plus

  • The APA format
  • The format for references
  • The format for in-text citations
the apa format
The APA format
  • Margins, Fonts, and Spacing
  • Title page
  • Body of the paper
margins fonts and spacing
Margins, Fonts, and Spacing
  • 1” margins
  • 12-point font – Times New Roman preferred
  • Double-spaced throughout
title page
Title page
  • The title should be no more than 12 words, centered, and in the upper half of the page
  • The running head and the page number should both appear in the header
  • For more information, go to
body of the paper
Body of the paper
  • The usual APA paper should include an Abstract, an Introduction, a section on the Method used, Results, a Discussion, and References
  • The APA format allows for 5 levels of headings
2 the format for references
2. The format for references

References should be:

  • Listed in alphabetical order
  • Started on a new page, with a centered heading
  • Double-spaced
  • Arranged in a hanging indent format
references books
References: Books

American collegiate dictionary (4th ed.). (1995). Indianapolis, IN: Huntsfield.

Shotton, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of

computer dependency. London, England: Taylor &


Terusami, H. T. (1993). Relativity. In The new handbook of science (Vol. 12, pp.247-249). Chicago: Modern Science Encyclopedia.

references periodicals
References: Periodicals

Gleick, E. (2000, December 4). The burdens of genius [review of the book The last samurai, by Helen DeWitt]. Time, 156, 171.

Leftlow, B. S. (1993, December 18). Corporate take-overs confuse stock market predictions. The Wall Street Journal, pp. A1, A14.

Morawski, J. (2000). Social psychology a century ago. American Psychologist, 55, 427-431.

references internet sources
References: Internet sources

Many articles from Internet sources are now given a DOI number. Whenever available, use the DOI number rather than the URL.

Herbst-Damm, K. L, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from

3 the format for in text citations
3. The format for in-text citations
  • For a paraphrase
    • At the end of a paraphrased sentence, place in parentheses the author(s) and year of the publication
    • The citation counts as part of the sentence, so the period goes after the closing parenthesis
    • Example from a sample paper:

Presently, we consume more than 500 million cubic meters of wood and wood products a year, an amount projected to increase close to 600 million cubic meters in less than ten years (Haynes, Adams, & Mills, 1998).

the format for in text citations
The format for in-text citations
  • For direct quotations
    • When using a direct quotation, cite the source immediately after in parentheses
    • Use author, year, and page number(s)
    • Example from a sample paper:

Many others agree with the assessment that “this is a seriously flawed study” (Methasa, 1996, p. 22) and do not include its data in their own work.

  • Include the publication year the first time you mention an author, for example, Tanaka (2001). The year is no longer required in following references, if the source is the same.
  • When the author is an organization or a group, give the complete name and acronym the first time, then in following references, just use the acronym. For example, (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003) for the first time, then, just (NIMH, 2003).
  • Between three and five authors, cite them all the first time; subsequently, use the first surname followed by et al.
  • For six or more authors, always cite the first surname followed by et al. and the year.
for more information
For more information
  • The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition)
  • Concise Rules of APA Style (6th edition)
  • The APA website: