are we spiritual machines n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Are We Spiritual Machines? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Are We Spiritual Machines?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Are We Spiritual Machines? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 77 Views
  • Uploaded on

Are We Spiritual Machines?. Ray Kurzweil vs. the Critics of Strong A.I. Bill Joy. Chief scientist, founder of Sun Microsystems. April 2000, Wired, “Why the Future doesn’t need us” Moore’s Law - will meet or exceed for next thirty years.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Are We Spiritual Machines?' - rudolf


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
are we spiritual machines

Are We Spiritual Machines?

Ray Kurzweil vs. the Critics of Strong A.I.

bill joy
Bill Joy
  • Chief scientist, founder of Sun Microsystems.
  • April 2000, Wired, “Why the Future doesn’t need us”
  • Moore’s Law - will meet or exceed for next thirty years.
  • Computers will be a million times as fast, sufficient to produce the dreams of Ray Kurzweil.
slide3
About Ray
    • http://www.kurzweiltech.com/aboutray.html
  • Creativity: The Mind, Machines, and Mathematics
    • http://mitworld.mit.edu/video/422/
  • KurzweilAI.net
    • http://www.kurzweilai.net/
ray kurzweil
Ray Kurzweil
  • Intelligence of machines will surpass humans in the early part of the next century.
  • 2019 - $1,000 computer = power of human brain = 20 million billion calculations per second.
  • 2029 - Will take 10 years to organize the “software of intelligence”
  • Once computers reach human intelligence levels, they will necessarily surpass it.
machine design
Machine design
  • “Software of intelligence” - copy the human brain.
  • Bodies by nanotech
  • Will claim to be human
  • Have human feelings
  • Tell us that they are human, convincingly.
  • Are they real feelings? Or appearing to be real?
  • Let’s move on, to singularity.
neural implants today
Neural implants today
  • Help counteract Parkinson’s Disease, tremors from neurological disorders.
  • Deaf - cochlear implant
  • Blind - development on retinal implant.
  • Emory University - brain chip allowing communication and control of environment.
neural implants in the future
Neural implants in the future
  • Will not require surgery
  • Improve sensory experiences, perception, memory, logical thinking.
  • Web and virtual reality
  • 2030 - any relationship, anywhere
flaws of futurist predictions
Flaws of futurist predictions
  • Only looking ahead one or two iterations.
  • Only looking at one technology.
  • Not understanding the exponential rate of technology.
    • “The Law of Accelerating Returns”
the law of accelerating returns
The Law of Accelerating Returns
  • Use more powerful tools, to make more powerful tools.
  • Can be quantified and predicted.
moore s law
Moore’s Law
  • Will die no later than 2019
  • Moore’s Law - S curve
  • Law of Accelerated Returns - exponential.
    • Current rate faster than two years
    • Example - Human genome scan project
software of intelligence
Software of intelligence
  • Massively neural nets and “other paradigms”
  • Reverse engineering the brain
    • Destructive scanning
    • Noninvasive scanning
    • Scanning from inside
  • Downloading the brain
singularity
Singularity
  • Computer as brain
  • Living forever
critics of strong a i
Critics of Strong A.I.
  • John Searle - philosopher
  • Michael Denton - biologist
  • Tom Ray - zoologist and evolutionary algorithm theorist.
  • William Dembski - philosopher and mathematician.
john searle
John Searle
  • Deep Blue and the Chinese Room
  • Simulation, a symbolic model of the process.
john searle1
John Searle
  • Observer-independent and observer-relative
  • Observer-independent
    • Does not require thoughts of conscious agents for their existence
  • Observer-relative
    • Example - the dollar bill
john searle2
John Searle
  • Confusion between observer-independent and observer-relative intelligance.
  • It’s not “Artificial Intelligence”, it’s “Simulated Cognition”
bill joy1
Bill Joy
  • Dangers
    • GNR (genetics, nanotechnology, robotics) - widely available
    • Self-replication
    • Nanotechnology - the “gray goo”
  • Solution
    • Relinquishment of research in certain technologies
    • Federal oversight