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The ESDI, past, present and future. Claude Luzet, EuroGeographics Programme Manager. Yesterday in Europe ……. Three European steps. GI2000 and the EGII (European Geographic Information Infrastructure) 1995-1999

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The esdi past present and future

The ESDI, past, present and future

Claude Luzet, EuroGeographics Programme Manager

ESDI presentation at SEESDI conference, Sofia, 23rd October 2003

Three european steps
Three European steps

  • GI2000 and the EGII (European Geographic Information Infrastructure) 1995-1999

  • ETeMII and the European Territorial Management Information Infrastructure) 2000-2001

  • GSDI → ESDI (European spatial Data Infrastructure) → INSPIRE (Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe)2002-2003 → ???

Gi2000 a discussion paper
GI2000 : a discussion paper

  • An initiative born in 1995, buried in 1999

  • Geographic Information in Europe: a Discussion Document, DG XIII/E - August 1998

  • Identified main barriers to development

    • National orientation

      • No mandate to provide for the cost of collecting and maintaining EU-wide data sets

      • Different rules exist within the Member States

      • Disparities between these local markets

Gi2000 barriers to development cont d
GI2000 : barriers to development (cont’d)

  • Lack of base data

    • Lack of consistency between national data sets results in lack of exploitation for other applications, leading to duplication of effort

  • Unexploited potential of GI in Europe

    • Lack of awareness of the potential benefits of using digital geographic information may be the greatest barrier to future market development

    • Technical problems

    • Action is needed to ensure that the necessary training is available in Europe.

Gi2000 suggested areas for eu action
GI2000 : suggested areas for EU action

  • Providing leadership for European co-operation and co-ordination

    • Continued support to European associations such as EUROGI, CERCO, MEGRIN

  • Stimulating the development of a European GI infrastructure

    • Encourage public bodies to co-operate and form partnerships with the private sector

    • Create seamless geographic base data across Europe

    • Stimulate the creation of EU-wide directory services

    • Ensure that GI specific standards are developed as needed

  • Realising the potential of GI at European level

  • Contributing to the definition of global rules and standards

A spatial data infrastructure means
A spatial data infrastructure means:

  • “Theavailability and the unimpeded sharing and use of the required data, according to agreed mechanisms and specifications.”

A spatial data infrastructure consists of





A spatial data infrastructure consists of:

In short infrastructure is about the existence and interoperability

… or about technical

and business interoperability

In short infrastructure is…… about the existence and interoperability

  • of technology

  • of data

  • of actors

State of the art in europe business models
State of the art in Europe (business models)

From a 2003 EuroGeographics study on 19 European countries (L.Aslesen and Expert-Group on Legal & Commercial Issues )

  • Different categories of business models at NMAs

    • with a fixed budget and tasks, all income back to government

    • with a fixed budget and tasks, allowed to keep (part of) income

    • with a “state contract”, often combined with an expected return on investments for the government

State of the art licensing and services
State of the art (licensing and services)

  • Most cases indicate a defined policy for usage (usage rights, business license, internal/private use), and a form of license for value-added products

  • However : Analysis difficult because of unclear answers

    → Language and terminology problems

  • Pricing policies for on-line services fall in three main categories

    • Charging per volume, i.e. per hits or transaction

    • Charging a fixed fee, usually per year

    • Combination of these two

Towards business interoperability
Towards business ‘interoperability’

  • Obvious need to increase harmonisation of (national) pricing and licensing policies

    • Doesn’t mean the same terms and prices for data anywhere

    • It does mean greater agreement on pricing models, licensing arrangements and service delivery

    • And common terminology : ‘speaking the same language’

State of the art technical
State of the art (technical)

  • Results of survey (A.Jakobsson and EuroGeographics ExG-Quality)

    • Common Reference Data mostly available at 100% (minimum 70% for parcels, buildings, addresses)

    • At medium-high resolution (~1:10.000 scale)

    • Very few implementations of international standards

    • High trend in changes in DB structure: object based (9/11), moving towards (6/5)

    • Final report to be published end 2003

The inspire rdm position paper
The INSPIRE RDM position paper :

  • Identified the Common Reference Data as a key component of the ESDI,

  • And recommended

    • To define a conceptual model for the reference data components

    • To agree of common definitions for objects and their attributes belonging to the components of the reference data

    • That reference data specifications are created and described in a way that is commonly understood and which takes into account cultural differences.

The 12 inspire policy principles of the dpli position paper
The 12 INSPIRE policy principles of the DPLI position paper

1- The European Spatial Data Infrastructure shall be built upon a network of National Spatial Data Infrastructures;

6- Reference data will provide the underpinning framework to which all other INSPIRE data will be referenced.

3- Datasets made available to harmonised data specifications and to common standards;

10- Harmonised licensing framework will optimise sharing and trading of georeferenced thematic information;

The inspire common reference data
The INSPIRE Common Reference Data

  • Units of administration

  • Selected topographic themes

    • hydrography, transport, heights

  • . Units of property rights

    • parcels, buildings.

  • Geodesy

  • Addresses

  • Orthoimages

  • Gazetteer

The eurospec programme


The EuroSpec programme





Small scale


Large scale



Others : Cadastre, Risks mngtetc...

EuroSpec Schema






Iterative implementation


Iterative implementation









Small scale


Large scale



Others : Cadastre, Risks mngtetc…

EuroSpec Schema






Eurospec workshop 2 july 2003
EuroSpec Workshop 2 (July 2003):

  • Co-organised with the European Commission (JRC)

  • 42 experts, from 16 countries (EU-15, EFTA, new MS)

  • Representing main stakeholders

Ws 2 conclusions
WS-2 conclusions

  • EuroSpec an indispensable and timely initiative

  • A process, with short- and long-term objectives

  • Necessity to relate to and link with real life use-cases and existing relevant initiatives and projects

  • Build on existing legacy from major actors

    EuroGeographics as the ‘natural’ leader

Minutes and presentations available at

Eurogeographics an association of nmas cadastre
EuroGeographics :an Association of NMAs + Cadastre

  • 45 Members, 33 active

  • Management:

    • Management Board,

    • Head Office

“weak” in SEE

A distributed organisation

EuroRoadS @ NLS

Quality @ NLS

Legal & commercial @ NLS




Head Office @ IGN

Geodesy @ BKG

A distributed organisation

  • Currently

    • 4 running Projects,

    • 3 active Expert Groups

Sabe seamless administrative boundaries
SABE : seamless administrative boundaries

  • ~120.000 administrative units

  • Two resolutions (100.000, 1 million)

  • 10 years on the market : Main versions: 1991, 1995, 1997, 2001

  • New coming update:

    • SABE2001 + SIRE codes (2004?)

  • Now 36 countries still expanding


  • Global (500k-1M) scale

  • All topographic components

  • First release :

    • 30 countries

    • Autumn 2003 : evaluation

    • January 2004 : commercial

  • Plans for upgrade and extension


  • Regional/national scale (1:100k ~1:250k) covering 7 countries

  • Availability :

    • Autumn 2003 : evaluation

    • January 2004 : commercial

  • Prototype for whole Europe (EU 25+ planned for 2006)

Eurospec vision




EuroSpec Vision








EuroSpec Schema“project”

Expert Groupon Commercial& Legal issues

Pricing & Licensing policy



Legal Framework

Next steps for the esdi
Next steps for the ESDI?

  • GI2000, more than 5 years ago

    • Had already identified the issues and proposed the appropriate actions


    • Had raised awareness of and promoted the ESDI vision and concepts

    • Had created an stronger community of GI stakeholders

    • … but no INSPIRE legal framework before 2006, 2007, ?

  • Urgent needs now

    • From the market, the Industry

    • For supporting the development of the national strategies on SDIs

Starting now how
Starting now, how?

  • Use and support today existing operational structures, eg. EuroGeographics

    • Representing major stakeholders

      • Mapping and Cadastre of 40 European countries

      • A network of various expertise

      • Permanent operational body of 5 persons (and 500.000 € core budget)

    • Working in close partnership with

      • EUROSTAT/GISCO : the EC GI data manager

      • JRC/INSPIRE project : the EC GI technical support

      • CEN/TC287 liaison member

      • EUROGI : the community of the European stakeholders

      • EuroSDR & Agile : the European GI research community

      • EUREF (geodesy), EuroGeoSurveys (geology), etc

  • In parallel consider what other organisational structure should best manage the future development of the ESDI.

Eurospec benefits
EuroSpec : Benefits

  • For reference data custodians

    • Shares best practice re-engineering databases & developing new products/services

    • Provides common specifications for those not yet on the move,

    • Input national/organisations culture and language specifics.

  • Interoperability – business

    • Increasing public-private partnership (and outsourcing),

    • Review business policies & processes.

  • Interoperability – data

    • A major step towards the NSDIs and the ESDI

  • From centralised delivery of reference data




    From centralised delivery of reference data ….




    To decentralised delivery of reference data

    European users,eg. ECs, VAs

    Cross-bordereg. risk mngt




    …… to decentralised delivery of reference data




    In conclusion business and technical interoperability
    In conclusion : Business and technical interoperability

    • Is not to be imposed from a top-down approach;

    • Will not occur spontaneously;

    • But requires the collaboration of the main stakeholders, in a process that takes account of each organisation’s specificity;

    • The EuroSpec Programme offers one of the mechanism for this collaboration to come to reality and bring concrete results;

    • More cost effective and sustainable – National & European

      • Embracing opportunities created by technology (OGC, etc.)

      • Answers to the requirements for “semantic interoperability”