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American Factfinder and Census 2000

American Factfinder and Census 2000

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American Factfinder and Census 2000

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  1. American Factfinder and Census 2000 Grace York University of Michigan February 2002

  2. Outline of Presentation • Census Questionnaire • Census Geography • Reference Mapping • Detailed Data and Spreadsheets • Thematic Mapping • Alternative Census 2000 Sources

  3. Objectives • Know where to start on the main Factfinder screen without panicking • Know how to navigate through a program without remembering the details • Recognize the glitches so you can start over • Familiarize yourself with upcoming alternatives to Factfinder

  4. 2000 Questionnaire 100% Questionnaire (Data Available Now) • Age • Sex • Race (Multiple) • Hispanic origin • Household relationship • Occupied v. vacant housing units • Owner v. renter occupied housing

  5. Questions You Can Answer Today • Are percentage of families headed by single mothers going up or down in Detroit? • Are black males and females imprisoned disproportionately to population? • How many centenarians live in Ann Arbor? • Which Michigan county has seen the highest growth in the Asian Indian population? • Which zip code has the highest number of same sex couples?

  6. Race in 2000 • White • Black or African-American • American Indian or Alaskan Native • Asian • Hawaiian or Pacific Islander • Other

  7. Hispanic Not considered a race Can be Hispanic and any race Breakdowns in some tables • Cuban • Puerto Rican • Mexican • Spanish • Various Latin American Countries

  8. Race Comparability with 1990 Census • 2000 Asian and 2000 Hawaiian and Pacific Islander must be compressed with 1990 Asian and Pacific Islander • 2000 multiple races means 2-3% of data is not comparable with 1990 • Possibility that “Other” in 1990 were Hispanic and show up as another race in 2000 because of question location

  9. Household Type • Families • With and without children • Single parent and married couples • Non-family households • Students living together • Singles living alone • Unmarried partners • Mixed or same sex

  10. Household Relationships Relationship to Householder • Spouse • Child • Stepchild • Grandchild • Brother/Sister • Parent • Non-relative

  11. Group Quarters • College dorms • Prisons • Mental hospitals • Shelters for abused spouses • Military barracks • Nursing homes

  12. 2000 Sample Questionnaire • Marital status, housing value and rent • Grandparents as caregivers (new) • Ancestry • Language • Country of origin • School enrollment and educational attainment

  13. 2000 Sample Questionnaire • Employment • Industry and occupation • Transportation to and place of work • Disability • Veteran status • Income and poverty

  14. 2000 Sample Data Schedule • Sample data due May-September 2002 • In the meantime • Use 1990 sample data for substate areas OR • Use 2000 supplementary tables for nation, states, metro areas, counties, places and Congressional Districts of 250,000+ OR • Wait (patiently OR impatiently)

  15. Census Geography Legal Areas • Nation • State • Counties • Cities • Townships • Congressional Districts • School Districts

  16. Census Geography Census-Designated Areas • Metropolitan Statistical Area • Urbanized Area • Census Tract • Block Group • Block • Zip Code Tabulation Area

  17. Metropolitan Statistical Area Central city of 50,000 or more or twin cities, its own county, and surrounding counties with heavy commuting patterns

  18. Detroit ConsolidatedMetropolitan Statistical Area 1990 Lapeer Livingston Detroit PMSA Macomb Monroe Oakland St. Clair Wayne Ann Arbor PMSA Washtenaw 2000 Lapeer Macomb Detroit PMSA Monroe Oakland St. Clair Wayne Lenawee Ann Arbor PMSA Livingston Washtenaw Flint PMSA Genesee

  19. Census Tracts • Areas of about 4000 people • Approximate neighborhoods

  20. Detroit Tract

  21. Block Group Two – eight block groups per tract All 2000s (2001, 2002, 2003) are BG 2 Smallest area for sample data

  22. Blocks All blocks in 2000 have 4-digit numbers Some 100% data but no sample data

  23. Locating Census Maps • American Factfinder • http://factfinder.census.gov/ • Census Bureau Web Site (PDF) • http://ftp2.census.gov/plmap/ • Documents Center Paper Copies • Tract maps for Michigan • Block maps for Wayne and Washtenaw • Arcview GIS Program in Map Library • Has printer for Factfinder and pdf maps

  24. Census Data Formats American Factfinder http://factfinder.census.gov/ FTP http://ftp2.census.gov/plmap/ http://ftp2.census.gov/census_2000/ CD/DVD in Documents Center Go 2000 Software (Census) Geolytics (Commercial)

  25. American Factfinder Advantages http://factfinder.census.gov/ Accessible from home at all hours (we hope!) • Tract/block maps for entire country • Simple thematic maps • All data sets • Can mix types of geography (e.g. U.S., state, county and six tracts)

  26. American Factfinder Disadvantages http://factfinder.census.gov/ • Limited to 500 geographies (cannot get all tracts in large counties) • Tables can be too wide to print (experimental transposition available) • Cannot choose individual variables in a table (e.g. just males rather than individual counts of both males and females) • Tables cannot be combined on screen(must use spreadsheet)

  27. Initial Factfinder Screen http://factfinder.census.gov/

  28. Brief Facts Option (middle top of screen) http://factfinder.census.gov/ • Quick Tables • Identify brief data for the nation, ONE state, county, or Indian reservation • Geographic Comparison Tables • Brief comparison of states, counties or cities • In the Data Sets Menu, QTs and GCTs also include • Census tracts, zip codes, MSAs, and Congressional Districts

  29. Brief Facts (middle top of screen) http://factfinder.census.gov/ Choose Table

  30. Brief Facts (middle top of screen) http://factfinder.census.gov/ Choose Level of Geography

  31. Brief Facts (middle top of screen) http://factfinder.census.gov/ You will then be prompted to choose a state

  32. Brief Facts (middle top of screen) http://factfinder.census.gov/ Possibly followed by a county or city

  33. Brief Facts (middle top of screen) http://factfinder.census.gov/ Women outnumber men in Ann Arbor Average age is 28; large Asian population

  34. Printing and Downloading Use button for downloading data to a spreadsheet Browser downloading yields HTML format

  35. Printing and Downloading Comma-delimited is best for EXCEL

  36. Navigation Between Areas The MAIN button is great for a new search If Factfinder remembers too much, close your browser and start over

  37. Factfinder Navigation http://factfinder.census.gov/ Search when you know what you want Browse when you aren’t sure what you want

  38. Reference Maps • 2000 maps identify every state, county, place, zip code, metropolitan area, census tract, block group and block in the country • 1990 maps identify all areas except individual blocks

  39. REFERENCE MAPS • Internet Explorer 5.0 works best if you want to click and zoom • Choose CHANGE SELECTIONS/Geography for three better options

  40. LIST Geography • When using the LIST method, choose the geographic area above the one you know • For an unknowntract number in Ann Arbor, choose PLACE

  41. Place Name Searching BESToption for mapping • States • Counties • Cities • Townships • Villages

  42. Place Name Searching 1. Select Place Name 2. Choose Year 3. Type in Name and GO. 4. Choose from Options and SHOW MAP.

  43. Navigating the Map • Level 5 maps provide an overview of the tracts • Not all features show in this view • Use arrows to move map or click to zoom in

  44. Block Group Maps • Block groups show up best at Level 3 • Zoom to Level 2 for street names and block numbers • Tract and block group colors are so similar that you may want to change the legend to view the tract boundaries

  45. Changing Map Features Original Ann Arbor Map Click on LEGEND to change to remove confusing block group boundaries

  46. Changing Map Features • Click off block group boundaries and labels. • Be sure to use theUPDATEtab

  47. Changing Map Features • New map without block group boundaries

  48. Address Searching • ADDRESS SEARCHING is one of the three geographic locator options • Search for a known address to find its county, city, tract, block group, block number, and map

  49. Address Results • ADDRESS SEARCHING gives you the tract, block group and • block number for retrieving data • You can also choose to SHOW MAP

  50. Address Map