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  1. www.wecf.eu

  2. The Human Right to Water and Sanitation – Its Recognition and Definition Dr. Anke Stock WECF World Water Day 22nd March 2011 Chisinau, Moldova

  3. Content • Global Problem • HR to Water and Sanitation and Associated Rights • History of the Development to a HR • Definition of the Right • What to do with a HR? • WECF’s Vision

  4. Associated Human Rights Right to Life (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights) Right to Food (International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) Right to Housing (International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) Right to Education (International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) Right to an Adequate Standard of Living (International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) Photo by WECF

  5. History and Development of the HR • HR development • ICESCR 1966 – indirect recognition • Art. 11 (1) ICESCR: “adequate standard of living” • Art. 12 (2) ICESCR: “highest attainable standard of health” • General Comment No. 15

  6. History: Direct Recognition of the HR • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (Art. 14) • Convention on the Rights of the Child (Art. 24) • UNECE Protocol on Water and Health • UN Millennium Development Goals Goal 3 (Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women) Goal 4 (Child Health) Goal 5 (Improve Maternal Health) Goal 7 (Ensure Environmental Sustainability) Well in Romania. Photo by WECF

  7. History • Further advancement by Indp. Expert on hr to water and sanitation • July 2010 UN General Assembly Resolution (A/RES/64/292) • October 2010 HRC Resolution (A/HRC/RES/15/9)

  8. Definition: 5 normative criteria

  9. Definition: 5 cross-cutting criteria

  10. What to do with a HR? • Raising awareness/education • Lobby work/advocacy • Claim nationally/internationally

  11. Safe and acceptable water for each member of society Affordable access to a sufficient amout of water and thus to basic sanitation Gender equality in decision-making processes on water and sanitation Free access to information on water safety, sanitation and related issues WECF‘s Vision Photo by WECF

  12. Thank you! www.wecf.eu