The Civil Rights Era. K-W-L - The Civil Rights Era. What I Know About the CRM. What I Want to Learn About the CRM. What I Learned About the CRM. The Civil Rights Era. Origins Of The Movement Executive Order 9981 Destabilization of the racial system during WWII
What I Know
About the CRM
What I Want to Learn
About the CRM
What I Learned
About the CRM
***Requires 14th Amendment Learning Packet – end of PowerPoint
TTYN:What was the Plessey v. Ferguson decision?
What Was Going On
On 1st December 1955 after coming home from a hard days work, Rosa was sitting on the bus when the bus driver ordered her to give up her seat to a white man, who couldn’t find a seat in the “white section” of the bus.
“I knew I had the strength of my ancestors with me.”
“..some of us must bear the burden of trying to save the soul of America”
- Martin Luther King
The Leadership of King
“one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free”
TTYN: What does the sit-in reflect?
The sit-in reflected mounting frustration at the slow pace of racial change.
Congress of Racial Equality
Irene Morgan v. The Commonwealth of Virginia
The How - Interracial group would board buses destined for the South. The whites would sit in the back and the blacks in the front. At rest stops, the whites would go into blacks-only areas and vice versa.
The When - The Freedom Ride left Washington DC on May 4, 1961. It was scheduled to arrive in New Orleans on May 17, the seventh anniversary of the Brown decision
The Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act
TTYN: In your own words, describe what you believe the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act constitute.
In August 1955, 14-year-old Emmett Till traveled from his home in Chicago to the home of his great-uncle, Mose Wright, in Money, Mississippi. Soon after his arrival, Emmett joined a group of teenagers, seven boys and one girl, and went to Bryant’s Grocery and Meat Market for refreshments to cool off after a long day of picking cotton in the hot sun. Bryant’s Grocery, owned by a white couple, Roy and Carolyn Bryant, sold supplies and candy to a primarily black clientele of sharecroppers and their children. Emmett went into the storeto buy bubble gum. Some of the kids outside the store said they heard Emmett brag about having a white girlfriend back in Chicago, and also that he said "Bye, baby” to Carolyn Bryant.
A few days later, Roy Bryant, Carolyn’s husband, and his half-brother J. W.Milam kidnapped Emmett Till from Mose Wright’s home. They brutally beat him, took him to the edge of the Tallahatchie River, shot him in the head, fastened a large metal fan used for ginning cotton to his neck with barbed wire, and pushed his body into the river. Once Emmett was reported missing by Mose Wright, J. W. Milam and Roy Bryant were arrested on kidnapping charges in LeFlore County. Three days later, Emmett Till’s decomposed corpse was pulled from the Tallahatchie River. Mose Wright identified the body froma ring with the initials L. T. (Till’s father’s initials). The murder of Emmett Till left an indelible mark on the African American community, especially for those boys who were around the same age as Emmett Till. Reginald Lindsay, today a judge, remembers what it meant to him as a young boy growing up in Birmingham, Alabama:
The mantra that was repeated to me (and I dare say to other boys my age) nearly every time I left my neighborhood, after August 1955, to go to a place where it was likely that I would encounter white people was:“Be careful how you talk to white women. You don’t want to end up like Emmett Till.”
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today!