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Spartan Empire. Sparta. Aprox. 950 BC to 300 BC Founded by Dorians Invaded city of Peloponnesus Population growth = territory expansion Helots (HEH – luhts) meaning “capture”. Spartan Military. Boys training 7 to 20 join regular army at 30 temporary leave at 30 to start a family

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sparta
Sparta
  • Aprox. 950 BC to 300 BC
  • Founded by Dorians
  • Invaded city of Peloponnesus
  • Population growth = territory expansion
  • Helots (HEH – luhts) meaning “capture”
spartan military
Spartan Military
  • Boys training 7 to 20
  • join regular army at 30
  • temporary leave at 30 to start a family
  • Remain in barracks from 30 to 60
  • Remain in army until age 60
  • Soldiers expected to win or die, never surrender
  • Army made of 10,000 men
ideal warrior
Ideal Warrior
  • Each warrior carried
    • Spear
    • Sword
    • Shield
    • Bronze armor
    • Helmet
  • http://www.history.com/videos/spartans-deconstructed#spartans-deconstructed
athletics
Athletics
  • Female passtime
  • Trained in sports

- running

-wrestling

-throwing javelin

  • Purpose: keep fit to become healthy mothers
women s rights
Women’s Rights
  • Could own property
  • Free to go where they pleased without male escort
  • But had no political power
home life
Wives lived at home

ran household

raised children

Husbands lived in barracks

Military

Gone fighting wars

Home Life
government
Government
  • Oligarchy (Ah-luh-GAHR-kee) a few hold power
  • 2 kings headed council of elders
  • Council made of 28 male citizens over 60
  • Assembly- all Spartan men over 30
  • Assembly voted on councils laws and chose 5 ephors
  • Ephor (EH-fuhrs) enforced laws and manged tax collection
restrictions
Restrictions
  • Discouraged foreign visitors
  • Banned travel (except military travels)
  • Frowned upon citizens who studied literature and the arts
  • http://www.history.com/videos/spartans#spartans