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Introducing the data and practices of the Research Laboratory in Finland. Satu Nurmi Entrepreneurship Indicators Steering Group Meeting Rome 5-6 December 2006. Background. Increased demand for comprehensive micro-level databases for research purposes

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introducing the data and practices of the research laboratory in finland

Introducing the data and practices of the Research Laboratory in Finland

Satu Nurmi

Entrepreneurship Indicators Steering Group Meeting

Rome 5-6 December 2006

background
Background
  • Increased demand for comprehensive micro-level databases for research purposes
  • Rich linkable administrative register databases are goldmines for empirical economic analysis
  • The challenge: protection of confidentiality vs. providing researchers with the relevant data cost-effectively
  • Development of micro data

Statistics Finland/Satu Nurmi

legislation
Legislation
  • Statistical data can only be released in unidentifiable form, with a few exceptions
  • Data can be released for scientific research and statistical surveys only
  • Sample data on individual persons can be released to outside researchers
  • By contrast, protected data on enterprises can only be accessed at the premises of Statistics Finland

Statistics Finland/Satu Nurmi

research laboratory of enterprise data
Research Laboratory of enterprise data
  • Offers academic researchers the possibility to use enterprise-level data in their research projects
  • Operation started in 2001, around 20 projects/year
  • Customers from universities and research institutes
  • Basic setting up cost €883/project and a rent of €18/hour
  • Data guidance and customised research services are central in the operation
  • On-line access considered as an alternative mode of use

Statistics Finland/Satu Nurmi

access rules
Access rules
  • A user licence is required
  • Statistics Finland’s Ethics Committee considers exceptions
  • Data limitations:
    • encryption of unit identifiers
    • removal of sensitive information
  • Physical limitations:
    • on-site access
    • conditions of use

Statistics Finland/Satu Nurmi

research laboratory s main data sets
ENTERPRISE LEVEL DATA

Business Register and Group Register

Financial Statements panel

Business Aid Database

R&D panel

ICT panel

Patent Register

Innovation Surveys

ESTABLISHMENT LEVEL DATA

Business Register

Industrial Statistics panel

Employment Statistics panel (labour characteristics)

Worker Flow panel

Technology Survey

Commodity Statistics

Research Laboratory’s main data sets
  • LINKED EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE DATA
  • Finnish Longitudinal Employer-Employee Data (FLEED) & demo version

Statistics Finland/Satu Nurmi

slide7

An example of linking data sets

Industrial

Employment

Statistics

Statistics

Background information on individuals is aggregated to establishment level.

(Establishment)

(Individual)

ICT

aggregation

Survey

analysis

Financial

Data from different sources are linked through encrypted establishment or enterprise identifiers.

Statements

Statistics

Innovation

R&D

Survey

Survey

Statistics Finland/Satu Nurmi

entrepreneurship in business data
Entrepreneurship in Business Data
  • Business Register
    • identifies the number of entrepreneurs in each enterprise and establishment (partly estimated)
    • sectoral coverage and tracking of start-ups improved
  • Financial Statements Statistics
    • includes wage correction for the self-employed
    • wage estimation based on data from the Finnish Centre for Pensions and the Tax Administration
  • Personal data in the linked employer-employee data FLEED
    • identify those self-employed who exercise their profession on their own account (natural persons)

Statistics Finland/Satu Nurmi

entrepreneurship research using the fleed
Entrepreneurship research using the FLEED
  • When do employees leave their job for entrepreneurship? Evidence form linked employer-employee data (Hyytinen & Maliranta, 2006)
  • Do foreign players change the nature of the game among local entrepreneurs? (Maliranta & Nurmi, 2004)
  • Analysing entrepreneurship with the Finnish linked employer-employee data FLEED: Matching and qualitative properties of the data (Maliranta & Nurmi, 2004)

Statistics Finland/Satu Nurmi

future research maliranta rouvinen
Future research (Maliranta & Rouvinen)
  • Planned research on factors of success for entrepreneurs
  • Using register data of National Board of Patents and Registration of Finland
    • business start-ups and owners in 2001 can be identified
    • background characteristics obtained from the FLEED and business data
    • enterprises and persons can be followed based on the FLEED -> situation after 3 years

Statistics Finland/Satu Nurmi