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CURRENT WARNING SYSTEMS: CHALLENGES, PRESSURE, AND CONCERNS
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CURRENT WARNING SYSTEMS: CHALLENGES, PRESSURE, AND CONCERNS

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  1. BMKG CURRENT WARNING SYSTEMS: CHALLENGES, PRESSURE, AND CONCERNS Muylono R. Prabowo INDONESIAN AGENCY FOR METEOROLOGY CLIMATOLOGY AND GEOPHISICS Macao, 15 April 2013

  2. MAIN PROGRAM OF BMKG BMKG Inspectorate Dep. 3 SUBSTANTIVE PROGRAM Ina-TEWS Ina-MCEWS Dep. 1&2 Telecommunication Instr.&Calibration TECHNICAL PROGRAM Dep. 4 Database Dissemination R&D SUPPORTING PROGRAM Educ&Traning Supporrting.Fac. DG&Ex.Sec.

  3. Analysis, Forecast, Services Observations Products Warnings Advisories TC Forecast Weather Forecast One Week Forecast Aeronautical Met. Information Marine Met. Information Space-based Observation Computer System for Meteorological Services Information Issuance Data Collection Upper Air Observation Model Prediction PC Collection and Dissemination of Meteorological Data Radar Observation Surface Observation Ocean Observation Issuance of Products at Met. Sta and HQ International Data Exchange OPERATIONAL OF METEOROLOGYAT BMKG

  4. BMKG’S METEOROLOGICAL SERVICES AND USERS PRODUCTS : PRODUCTS : USERS : Public Weather Services - Daily Weather Forecast Extreme weather warning • Ministry of Transport • Ministry of Agriculture • Ministry of Health • Ministry of Defense • Disaster Management • Agency (Nat’l & Regional) • Tourisms • Marine stakeholders • Fisheries • Public works/construction • Bulog • Mass Media • Universities • Research Institutions • - Aerodrome forecast • Flight-Route forecast • SIGMET Aeronautical Weather Services - Max & Significant Wave & Swell forecast - Surface current - 10-meter wind forecast Marine Weather Services Fax, Email, Web, Telp. & SMS • Hotspot/Firespot • Fire Weather Index • - Smoke dispersion/ • Trajectory Fire Weather (FDRS) Tropical Cyclone - TC Track forecast - TC’s Impacted Area forecast

  5. DISSEMINATION OF WEATHER INFORMATION FOR PUBLIC National Level: ROUTINE PRODUCT • NDMA • Natnl.SAR • Police • Min. Transportation • Min. Public Work • Mass Media • … National Scale Forecast • - Daily Weather Forecast • - Three day Weather Outlook • Potential of Flood (Daily) • - Potential of Forest Fire (Daily) • - Max&Sig. Wave Forecast • - Information of Tropical Cyclone BMKG HO WEB E-MAIL TELP FAX Provincial Level: • PDMA • SAR Offices • Prv. Police • Port Admn. • Prv. Public Work • Mass Media • … Provincial Scale Forecast • - Daily Weather Forecast • - Three day Weather Outlook • Potential of Flood (Daily) • - Max&Sig. Wave Forecast BMKG REG.OFF. • National Level: • Min.Coord.Walfare • NDMA • PDMA • Crisis Centre DKI • Army/ Police • Mass Media • … EARLY WARNING PRODUCT BMKG HO Early Warning of Extreme Weather S M S • Provincial Level: • Gavernors • Mayors • Army/ Police • Mass Media • … BMKG REG.OFF.

  6. Faximile DISSEMINATION OF WEATHER INFORMATION FOR PUBLIC Phone Services Public Area Weather Display TV Station BMKG’s STATIONS Email Website Social Media

  7. MULTI MODE OF INFORMATION DISSEMINATION BMKG MIN. COMM. & INFO NDMA LOCAL AUTORITIES POLRI SIRINE CELL. OPERATOR MASS MEDIA INTERNET 2303/ BMKG HO PEOPLE / USERS

  8. AKSES LAYANAN INFORMASI CUACA DAN PERINGATAN DINI CUACA EKSTRIM BMKG Telepon: 021-6546315 / 08111107264 Website: http://www.bmkg.go.id Email: infomet2000@gmail.com ; cuaca.ekstrim@bmkg.go.id

  9. BMKG PRODUCTS OF WEATHER INFORMATION FOR PUBLIC

  10. PRODUCTS OF WEATHER INFORMATION FOR PUBLIC

  11. JAKARTA WEATHER FORECAST (DAILY)

  12. PROVINCE WEATHER FORECAST (DAILY)

  13. JAKARTA WEATHER FORECAST (DAILY)

  14. THREE DAYS WEATHER OUTLOOK (TWO TIMES/WEEK)

  15. ONE WEEK WEATHER OUTLOOK (TWO TIMES/WEEK)

  16. POTENTIAL OF FOREST FIRE (DAILY)

  17. POTENTIAL OF FLOOD FORECAST (DAILY)

  18. BMKG 12 HOURS WEATHER FORECAST (TWICE A DAY) PRAKIRAAN CUACA DAN ANGIN INDONESIA BERLAKU 13 APRIL 2013 PUKUL 07.00 - 19.00 WIB Prakiraan Curah Hujan • Peluang Hujan Ringan : • Sumatera bagian utara dan selatan • Pesisir Barat Sumatera bagian selatan • Pesisir Timur Sumatera bagian tengah dan selatan • Kalimantan bagian barat, tengah dan selatan • Sebagian besar Sulawesi • Sebagian besar Maluku • Papua bagian barat, utara dan tengah • Bali dan Nusa Tenggara • Sebagian besar Jawa • Peluang Hujan Lebat • Beberapa tempat di Sumatera bagian utara • Beberapa tempat Sulawesi bagian tengah • Beberapa tempat di Maluku bagian utara dan tengah • Beberapa tempat di Papua bagian tengah • Beberapa tempat di Bali dan NTB • Beberapa tempat di Jawa bagian tengah dan timur • Peluang Hujan Sedang : • Sumatera bagian utara • Beberapa tempat di Pesisir Barat Sumatera bagian selatan • Kalimantan bagian barat dan tengah • Sulawesi bagian utara dan tengah • Maluku bagian utara dan tengah • Papua bagian barat dan tengah • Bali dan NTB • Jawa bagian tengah dan timur Tanggal 13 April 2013 jam 07.00 WIB Prakiraan Angin Tanggal13 April 2013jam 07.00 WIB Angin di wilayah Indonesia secara umum bertiup dari arah Tenggara – Barat Daya, kecuali wilayah Sulawesi bagian Tengah, Tenggara dan Selatan, Bali dan Nusa Tenggara serta Jawa bagian Tengah dan Timur dari Timur Laut – Timur dengan kecepatan angin umumnya berkisar antara 05 – 15 knots (09 – 27 km/jam). • Kecepatan angin ≥15 knot (≥27 km/jam) : • Samudera Hindia sebelah Barat Sumatera hingga Selatan NTT • Laut Andaman • Laut Cina Selatan • Samudra Pasifik Timur Filipina Badan Meteorologi Klimatologidan Geofisika

  19. WINDWAVE FORECAST (SEVEN DAYS IN ADVANCE)

  20. BMKG CHALLENGES, PRESSURE, AND CHALLENGES

  21. BMKG GEOGRAPHICAL CONDITION • Tropical Area, • Warm and humid • 70% area is water, • Sea-land interaction • Ring of fire, • Earthquake and volcanoes • Scale of disaster • Temporal and spatial scales

  22. Observation Network

  23. Map of Seismisity

  24. Statistic of Disaster in Indonesia

  25. DISASTER WARNING CALENDER AND PREPAREDNESS BMKG BMKG BMKG

  26. BMKG INTERNAL FACTOR • Observation Network, • Data completeness, • Human Resources, • Technology, • Communication, • Model/Accuracy, • Timeliness, • Research areas, • Funding

  27. BMKG EXTERNAL FACTOR • Providers, • Available through internet, • Various user needs, • Public understanding, • Low enforcement, • Cooperation, • Evaluation, • Accessibility

  28. THANK YOU ... AGENCY FOR METEOROLOGYCLIMATOLOGYAND GEOPHYSICS (BMKG) JL. ANGKASA I NO. 2 KEMAYORAN JAKARTA PUSAT – INDONESIA 10720 TEL: +6221-4246321, +6221-6546315 (WEATHER) , +6221-6546316 (EARTHQUAKE) FAX.: +6221-4246703 http://www.bmkg.go.id

  29. AREA RESPONSIBILITY OF JAKARTA - TROPICAL CYCLONE WARNING CENTER

  30. Citra Satelit Cuaca 23 April 2008 – 07.00 WIB Badai Tropis “DURGA” Badai Tropis “ROSIE”

  31. Badai Tropis “DURGA” DAMPAK BADAI ”DURGA” TERHADAP CUACA DI INDONESIA : Potensi hujan sedang - lebat dan angin kencang (kec. 36 km/jam) di sekitar Pesisir Barat Sumatera bagian Selatan dan Pesisir Selatan Jawa bagian Barat.

  32. JAKARTA WEATHER FORECAST (DAILY)

  33. PROVINCIAL WEATHER FORECAST (DAILY)

  34. CAPITAL CITIES WEATHER FORECAST (DAILY)

  35. THREE DAYS WEATHER OUTLOOK (TWO TIMES/WEEK)

  36. ONE WEEK WEATHER OUTLOOK (TWICE A WEEK)