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Haz Mat/WMD First Responder Operations Law Enforcement Field Support Course. Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities. Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities. General Assumptions LE personnel are trained to FRA – Awareness w/ Terrorism & Chem/Bio Agents

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Haz mat wmd first responder operations law enforcement field support course

Haz Mat/WMDFirst Responder OperationsLaw Enforcement Field Support Course

Law Enforcement

Roles & Responsibilities


Law enforcement roles responsibilities
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • General Assumptions

  • LE personnel are trained to FRA – Awareness w/ Terrorism & Chem/Bio Agents

  • LE personnel are equipped with chemical protective clothing (CPC) & equipment (E)

    • Clothing – suits, boots, gloves etc.

    • Respiratory protection – air purifying respirators & cartridges


Law enforcement roles responsibilities1
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • General Assumptions (cont’d.)

  • LE personnel are properly trained in the use & limitations of their assigned CPC & E

  • Available CPC & E is properly maintained, stored & ready for use

  • Nothing in this instruction supercedes your agency’s/employer’s policies, procedures, regulations, guidelines etc.


Law enforcement roles responsibilities2
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Mission – Scene Control

  • Perimeters

  • Crowds

  • Traffic


Law enforcement roles responsibilities3
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Outer Perimeter

  • (Initial Isolation Zone – DOT ERG)

  • Initial perimeter expected to be large until type and extent of incident determined

  • As monitoring information comes available – coordinate with other response agencies on perimeter size

  • Primary mission for LE on the perimeter is to isolate the scene, deny entry & provide for traffic control


Law enforcement roles responsibilities4
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Outer Perimeter (cont’d.)

  • Level-D (duty uniform) is appropriate, however – Level-C should be immediately available:

    • Release of more chem/bio by additional devices may spread beyond the initial isolation zone

    • Residual contamination may exist on clothes of victims/suspects leaving the initial isolation zone

    • LE may be required to come in direct contact with contaminated people (arrest, first aid etc.)


Law enforcement roles responsibilities5
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Other Perimeters

  • Additional perimeters delineate work zones – include access control points & other control features

  • Area of the Support Zone is delineated by the outer perimeter & the perimeter of the Contamination Reduction Zone

    • Support activities are accomplished in this area

    • No CPC & E are required to work in this area


Law enforcement roles responsibilities6
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Other Perimeters (cont’d.)

Contamination Reduction Zone

Outer Perimeter

Support Zone

CRZ Perimeter

IIZ Perimeter


Law enforcement roles responsibilities7
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Other Perimeters (cont’d.)

  • Contamination Reduction Zone is the area between the CRZ perimeter and the Exclusion Zone perimeter

    • This area is clean until contaminated by personnel, victims or suspects exiting the Exclusion Zone

    • CPC & E used in this zone are appropriate to the hazards identified in the Exclusion Zone


Law enforcement roles responsibilities8
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Other Perimeters (cont’d.)

Exclusion Zone

Contamination Reduction Zone

Support Zone

EZ Perimeter

CRZ Perimeter


Law enforcement roles responsibilities9
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Other Perimeters (cont’d.)

  • Exclusion Zone is considered to be contaminated –

    • Requires CPC & E consistent with the hazards & risks identified

    • This will be a crime scene

    • The presence of live victims inside the EZ does not mean the area is free of contamination


Law enforcement roles responsibilities10
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • LE Duties likely to be performed in the

  • Support Zone & Outer Perimeter

  • Crowd control

  • Secure the IIZ’s Perimeter

  • Maintain Access Control Points

  • Ensure no unauthorized persons enter control zones

  • Control, identification & initial interview of persons having information about the incident


Law enforcement roles responsibilities11
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • LE Duties likely to be performed in the

  • Contamination Reduction Zone

  • Assist FD & EMS in segregating victims for decon & medical attention

  • Provide security for the contamination reduction corridor

  • Identify witnesses & detain suspects

  • Control contraband & secure contaminated LE equipment

  • Decon prior to exiting CRZ

  • Provide long-term security for incident scene


Law enforcement roles responsibilities12
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Incident Investigation

  • WMD Attacks are & Haz Mat Incidents may be criminal acts – therefore a thorough investigation is essential


Law enforcement roles responsibilities13
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Incident Investigation (cont’d.)

  • Criminal investigations are law enforcement’s responsibility - supported by all other elements of the emergency response & management team


Law enforcement roles responsibilities14
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Interview Witnesses & Suspects

  • Focus initially on those closed to the point of dissemination

  • Question potential witnesses as quickly as possible

  • Be aware that suspects could be among the witnesses & victims

  • Add questions regarding key indicators of chem/bio attack to normal investigative inquiries


Law enforcement roles responsibilities15
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Interview Witnesses & Suspects (cont’d.)

  • Coordinate victim identification & tracking with EMS

  • Attempt to identify victims who may have sought medical treatment on their own

  • Use the public media to reach others who may have left the incident scene prior to LE’s arrival

  • Establish Incident Hot-Line (WE-TIP etc.)

  • Assist FD with Triage for decon & medical treatment

  • Deploy detectives to alternate casualty collection/ treatment facilities


Law enforcement roles responsibilities16
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Evidence Collection

  • Specially trained teams for evidence, identification, collection, preservation & recording (Forensic Scientist)

    • Collection of most physical evidence is not time-critical

    • Collection of evidence places personnel in areas of high hazard & high risk

    • Level A or B CPC is necessary until identity of agent & concentration are more thoroughly understood


Law enforcement roles responsibilities17
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Evidence Collection (cont’d.)

  • Haz Mat teams may collect initial specimens for identification purposes (not evidentiary)

  • LE technicians should perform formal collection of physical evidence

  • Haz Mat teams should avoid disturbing any device or other item of evidentiary value

  • Evidence documentation and chain of custody must be commenced early in the investigation


Law enforcement roles responsibilities18
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Evidence Collection (cont’d.)

  • Evidence collection containers should be decontaminated prior to transport off-site

  • Evidence should only be processed by forensic or contract laboratories capable of handling the chem/bio agents known or suspected

  • Coordinate all evidence collection & processing with the lead investigative agency


Law enforcement roles responsibilities19
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Explosives Incidents

Improvised Explosive Devices

Military Ordnance & Commercial Explosives

Improvised Chemical Dispersal Devices

Improvised Radiological Dispersal Devices

Secondary Devices


Law enforcement roles responsibilities20
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Clandestine Laboratory Incidents

Clandestine Drug Laboratories

Clandestine Chem/Bio Laboratories

Clandestine Explosives Laboratories and Bomb Factories


Law enforcement roles responsibilities21
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • SWAT Operations

Intelligence

Entry Operations

Barricaded Suspect

Hostage Situations

Other Special Problems


Law enforcement roles responsibilities22
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Mobile Field Force Considerations

  • Defined: Rapid deployment of uniformed task force trained in crowd control tactics

  • Minimal Operating Component – The Squad

    • Three Vehicles – 1 Sergeant, 11 Officers

  • Response Actions

    • Rapid Deployment

    • Containment

    • Control

    • Isolation


Law enforcement roles responsibilities23
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Squad Configuration

  • Car #1 – 1 Sergeant, 3 Officers

  • Car #2 – 4 Officers (1 assigned as team leader)

  • Car #3 – 4 Officers (1 assigned as team leader)

  • Team Leaders are responsible for the car and become line-backers on the skirmish line

  • Once assembled the Mobile Field Force can act as a single squad, as multiple squads or as a platoon (4 squads working together.


Law enforcement roles responsibilities24
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Mobil Field Force Formations & Maneuvers

  • Squad Column of File

  • Squad Column of Two

  • Squad Skirmish Line

  • Crossbow

  • Right & Left Diagonal

  • “V” Formation

  • Arrest Circle


Columns of personnel

Note: MFF Squad Sgt. extends both arms parallel next to his or her head with fist closed. The squad will form-up facing the Sgt.

Columns of Personnel

Columns of two

Single column of file

Purpose:

Column movements expedite the orderly movement of personnel.

When limited space is a factor, or performing crossbow maneuvers.

Preparatory Command: “Squad columns of two”

Command of execution:

“Move”


Skirmish line
Skirmish Line

9 8 6 4 2 1 3 5 7

Linebacker

Linebacker

Sergeant


Skirmish line from columns of two

9 6 4 2 1 3 5 7 8

Linebacker

Linebacker

Sergeant

Sergeant

1

2

3

5

4

6

7

8

9

Linebackers

Skirmish line from columns of two


Skirmish line from a single column of file

9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

1

2

Linebacker

Linebacker

Sergeant

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

Skirmish Line from a single column of file

11

10

Sergeant


Crossbow

Linebacker

Linebacker

CROSSBOW

Existing Skirmish Line

Example:

Preparatory Command: “right crossbow”. Signal consist of crossing both arms at the elbows, then extending the desired side straight next to head. Drop arm and point to designated location.

Command of execution: “Move”

A closed fist with bent arm at a 90 degree movement up and down.

Center Crossbow

Can be used to split a crowd or form an arrest circle.

Column moves through the center of the skirmish line.

Sergeant

Right Crossbow

Column moves through the right side to form an opposing skirmish line or blocking maneuver.

Left Crossbow

Moves through the skirmish line on the left to form an opposing skirmish line or blocking maneuver.


Law enforcement roles responsibilities25
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Response to Officer Down Scenarios

  • Request EMS

  • Attempt to determine the nature of the problem

  • Assume chem agent is present unless able to do otherwise

  • Consider possibility of additional devices

  • Enter the area only after gaining Supervisor’s approval (refer to your agency’s policy & procedures)


Law enforcement roles responsibilities26
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Conduct of Rescue Using CPC – Level A

  • Officer inside enclosed space, unable to communicate

  • No live casualties in immediate area

  • Unable to determine if any live victims in area


Law enforcement roles responsibilities27
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Conduct of Rescue Using CPC – Level C

  • Officer outdoors or in well ventilated area

  • There are live victims in the vicinity

  • Officer is alive, although unable to self-evacuate

  • Avoid liquids while performing rescue

  • Decontaminate immediately upon exiting the contaminated area


Law enforcement roles responsibilities28
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Summary

  • Establish and Staff Perimeters

  • Coordinate safe distances with the fire department

  • Isolate the area using perimeters

  • Corral victims into casualty collection areas away from the are where the agent was released (safe refuge areas)

  • Control ingress & egress


Law enforcement roles responsibilities29
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Summary (cont’d.)

  • Establish & Staff LE Staging Area

  • Identify an area for responding personnel to report to

  • Site the staging area up-wind of the incident

  • Inform responding Units & dispatch of staging area location

  • Designate a staging area officer to control the flow of arriving personnel


Law enforcement roles responsibilities30
Law Enforcement Roles & Responsibilities

  • Summary (cont’d.)

  • Be Alert to Additional Devices

  • Take into account descriptions of chemical agent dissemination devices

  • Additional Devices may not be chemical in nature

  • Avoid use of cell phones & radios w/in 300 ft. of suspected device

  • Evacuate areas around suspected device

  • Do not touch or disturb any device

  • Notify supervisor, request bomb squad, alert other response agencies operating in the area