European Colonisation of Cuba. 1492 – c. 1550. Before 1492. Cuba was inhabited by Native Americas called the Tianos (Arawaks). Christopher Columbus discovered Cuba in 1492 He claimed the island for the new Kingdom of Spain During this period many European countries were seeking to colonise
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
1492 – c. 1550
Cuba was inhabited by Native Americas called the Tianos (Arawaks)
The main powers who expanded and colonised were:
South and Central Americas, Caribbean
Caribbean and North America
Havana had 60 to 70 houses. Santiago was the largest city but only had 80 houses.
Bayamo had 30-40 homes
The Spanish settlers needed Cubans to work on the crops or in the mines.
There were very few black slaves at this point, but as Cubans died, Africans were brought in.
This exchange was called the Columbian exchange
Slaves, Christianity, syphilis, smallpox, tobacco, coffee, colonisation, education, bullion, sugar
1. Why did slaves need to be brought into Cuba?
2. What was the name given to the journey from Africa to the Americas that slaves took?
3. Why were the crops produced in Cuba so profitable?
4. Explain the most important reasons for European expansion. Mention at least two.
1774: 55% of inhabitants are whites, 18% are free blacks, and 27% are slaves
Rigid Class /
By the 1830s, Cuban society looked like this in terms of population.
However, people of mixed race were treated as black. There were only two real categories – “white” and “non white” – which affected laws and perceptions.
This structure remained for many years, even after the abolition of slavery