Chapter 16 Quiz Review. In the late 1800’s, most Georgians earned their living by doing what?. ANSWER. Farming. Georgia could not industrialize because it did not have the what?. ANSWER. It did not have the capital (money) to build factories.
It did not have the capital (money) to build factories.
The “Black Belt” located at the Fall Line.
To encourage more industry to come to Georgia
Many northern companies built textile mills in Georgia because of what reasons?
Low taxes, cheap labor, mild climate
Member’s of the People’s Party. The party called on farmers to stand up to bankers.
Georgia’s first Jim Crow law required separate what for blacks and whites?
That blacks and whites sit in separate cars on railroads.
The People’s party was defeated in the 1892 Congressional election because of what reason?
The People’s party, also known as Populists, was defeated in the 1892 congressional election because the Democrats charged that voting for the Populist candidate would split the white vote and allow a black to win
In what ways did Georgia’s politicians disfranchise the black population?
Which political group was the most effective in promoting white supremacy?
The Progressive Party
So farmers would not have to come to town to
go to the post office.
The Atlanta riots
It was one of the exemptions for the literacy test for voting. It stated that anyone descended from a person who had served in the military (Union or Confederacy) during wartime could vote without taking the literacy test. It was called the grandfather clause because many white Georgians had grandfathers who served in the Civil War.
Taking away one’s right to vote.
An advocate for women’s suffrage in Georgia (she wanted women to have the right to vote)
He sponsored Rural Free Delivery (RFD). He was a champion for the rural farmers of Georgia.
A former slave (born into slavery) who started the Atlanta Life Insurance Company. The company was worth over $1 million at the time of his death.
An African American who helped establish the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard University. He was an outspoken leader for black civil rights.
An African American and former president of Morehouse College and Atlanta University, he was one of America’s leading educators. He challenged Booker T. Washington’s idea of the Atlanta Compromise.
He founded the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama (a leading center of education for African Americans). He conceived of The Atlanta Compromise.
A Jewish factory worker who was charged with the murder of a 14 year old girl. He was convicted and sentenced to death despite the fact that there was little evidence. Georgia’s governor reduced his sentence to life in prison, but a mob stormed the prison and lynched him. This gained national attention.
It was the region in Georgia where the majority of African Americans lived
True of False: More state and local money went to educate black children than white children in Georgia.
A riot which was unfairly blamed on drunkenness among black residents (really black residents were tired of racism and discrimination). This led to prohibition (banning of manufacturing and selling alcohol) in Georgia.
Along Georgia’s Fall Line
The labor to work the fields.
An idea (started by Booker T. Washington) that social and political equality would come only after blacks learned a skill and became self-sufficient.