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Category 2 Test. 1 The graph shows the movement of a car over time. What is the car’s average speed? A 10 kilometers per hour B 15 kilometers per hour C 30 kilometers per hour D 60 kilometers per hour.

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slide2

1 The graph shows the movement of a car over time. What is the car’s average speed?A10 kilometers per hourB15 kilometers per hourC30 kilometers per hourD 60 kilometers per hour

slide3

2 Which of the following devices converts chemical energy to light energy?A C Wind turbines FlashlightB D Electric Lamp Solar cells

slide4

3 Diesel fuel is used in the engines of the machines and trucks at the quarry. Which of these is the main energy transformation as the fuel is used by the engines?

A Electrical energy is converted to heat energy.BHeat energy is converted to potential energy.CElectrical energy is converted to kinetic energy.D Chemical energy is converted to kinetic energy.

slide5

4 Which energy transformation occurs when a match is lit?

AChemical energy to heat energyBHeat energy to potential energyCElectrical energy to heat energyD Kinetic energy to potential energy

slide6

5In the diagram above, a wind turbine is transforming energy from the wind. Between which two steps in the diagram is mechanical energy being converted into electrical energy?

A 1 and 2

B 2 and 3

C 3 and 4

D 4 and 5

slide7

6 When the human heart contracts, it pumps blood to other parts of the body. When the heart contracts, the blood moves because the —A pressure in the heart increasesB temperature of the blood increasesC density of the blood increasesD size of the heart increases

slide8

7 The diagram above shows a barrel moving toward a waterfall. The barrel will have the greatest potential energy at which of these locations?A WB XC YD Z

slide9

8 Which of the following best represents stored potential energy?

A Air leaking from a flat tireBStress built up in a rock faultCHeat given off by a forest fireD Water flowing through a hose

slide10

9 At which point on the roller coaster will the car have the greatest amount of kinetic energy?AWBXCYD Z

slide11

10 If a force is applied for 15

seconds, in which situation

will the box be moved the

greatest distance?

slide12

Javelina11 Javelinas need strong leg muscles to help provide enough force for them to accelerate to high speeds. This fast movement can help javelinas escape from predators and reach the safety of the pack. If a javelina runs 42 m in 6 s, what is its average speed?A 6 m/sB 7 m/sC 48 m/sD 252 m/s

slide15

14.Examine the image provided. Which statement describes a condition

that would cause the car to move forward?

A The force of the engine is less than the force of friction.

B The pulling force is greater than the force pushing on the car.

C The pushing force is less than the force pulling on the car.

D The force of the engine is greater than the force of friction.

slide16

15.

Which of the following objects would have the greatest acceleration if they each have 15 N of force acting upon it?

A 5g ball

B 10g rock

C 50g orange

D 100g book

slide17

16.

  • The three vehicles shown below are all traveling at a speed of 15m/s, but only the pick up truck has a changing velocity
  • The pickup truck has a changing velocity because the pickup truck —
    • A can accelerate faster than the other two vehicles
    • B is traveling in the opposite direction from the other two vehicles
    • C is traveling on a curve in the road
    • D needs a large amount of force to move
slide18

17.

  • Two boxes and their masses are shown below.
  • Which of the following situations shows work being done?
    • A A student is sitting in a chair and holding both boxes.
    • B A student is holding the large box 1 m above the floor.
    • C A student is standing and holding the small box.
    • D A student is lifting the small box 0.5 m from the floor to a
    • table.
slide19

18.

For an investigation, a student measures the speed of a cart as it rolls down a ramp. The student then records data in the table below.

Which of these best explains the student’s data?

AThe speed of the cart decreases as the cart rolls down the ramp because of friction

between the cart and the ramp.

BThe speed of the cart increases as the cart rolls down the ramp because the force acting

on the cart is greater than the force of gravity.

CThe speed of the cart increases as the cart rolls down the ramp because the forces acting

on the cart are unbalanced.

D The speed of the cart decreases as the cart rolls down the ramp because the forces acting

on the cart are balanced.

slide20

19.

Two cars with different masses travel at the same speed down a hill toward a stop sign.

What will happen when both cars apply brakes at the same time to stop?

AThe car with the smaller mass will require less force to stop than the car

with the larger mass.

BThe car with the larger mass will maintain its velocity while traveling

down the hill.

CThe car with the smaller mass will take longer to stop than the car with

the larger mass.

DThe car with the larger mass will have less inertia than the car with the

smaller mass.

slide21

20.

  • In the classroom demonstration shown below, a rubber ball is dropped from Position 1. The ball bounces as shown.
  • At which of these positions does the ball have both the greatest kinetic energy and the least potential energy?
        • A Position1
        • B Position2
        • C Position3
        • D Position4
slide22

21.

  • Four students raced toy cars on a track. The mass and the acceleration of each car is recorded in the table below.
  • Which toy car had the greatest applied force?
        • A1
        • B2
        • C3
        • D4
slide23

22.

A car travels at a constant speed of 15m/s for 2 minutes. The car increases its speed from 15 to 25 m/s during the next minute and then travels at a constant speed of 25m/s for 2 more minutes.

Which of the following graphs best represents the car’s motion during this 5-minute period?

A

C

D

B

slide24

23.

A student walks 2 km in 30 minutes. What is the student’s average speed in km/h?

Record your answer and fill in the bubbles on your answer document.

Be sure to use the correct place value.

slide25

24.

  • Some students measure the acceleration of a wheeled cart being acted on by varying forces. The students record their data in the table shown above.
  • According to the data table, how much force is acting on the cart when the students measure an acceleration of 2.6m/s2?
      • A13N
      • B7N
      • C8N
      • D12N
slide27

26.

  • Sometimes tectonic plates do not move easily past one another, and the plates become stuck. Forces build up, and when the plates finally move, tension is released, as shown below.
  • The sudden movement of the plates is caused by —
      • A the mass of the plates
      • B the weight of the plates
      • C unbalanced forces
      • D gravitational force
slide28

27.

  • The diagram below shows a boat moving north in a river at 3 m/s while the current in the river moves south at 1 m/s.
  • How will the boat be affected if it enters a part of the river where the current is moving south at 2m/s?
      • AThe boat will move slower.
      • BThe boat will move faster.
      • CThe boat will stop.
      • DThe boat will move to the west.
slide29

28. The graph shows the speed of a car traveling east over a 12-second period on a

  • flat surface. In the first 6 seconds shown on the graph, the car is —
  • A increasing its speed
  • B changing direction
  • C heading northeast
  • D gaining potential energy
slide30

29.Four professional bowling balls weigh 4,5, 6 and 7 kg. Which bowling ball would

  • produce the greatest force on the pins if all of the bowling balls were
  • accelerating at 3 m/s2 down the bowling lanes?
  • A. The 4 Kg ball would produce the greatest force when traveling at 3 m/s2.
  • B. The 5 Kg ball would produce the greatest force when traveling at 3 m/s2.
  • C. The 6 Kg ball would produce the greatest force when traveling at 3 m/s2.
  • D. The 7 kg ball would produce the greatest force when traveling 3 m/s2.
slide31

30.How much force (in Newtons) is required to accelerate a 3.0 kg remote

  • controlled toy car at a rate of 6.00 m/s2? Record and bubble in your answer
  • below.