AS PE PHYSIOLOGY EXAM QUESTIONS & MARK SCHEMES. In order to perform to their potential, long jumpers must use their muscles and bones efficiently. Figure 1 shows a long jumper during the take-off phase of his jump. Figure 1 : Using Figure 1, complete Table 1 to identify:
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In order to perform to their potential, long jumpers must use their muscles and bones efficiently.
Figure 1 shows a long jumper during the take-off phase of his jump.
Using Figure 1, complete Table 1 to identify:
(i) the joint actions involved at the hip and ankle of the take-off leg as the performer leaves the board, (3 marks)
(ii) the names of the main agonists working at the knee and ankle. (3 marks)Analysis of Movements
Plantar flexion Gastrocnemius
Name, sketch and label the lever system operating at the ankle of the take-off foot. (3 marks)
a) Name the main ‘agonist’ at the elbow joint in the movement from position A to position B. (1 mark)
b) Name the ‘type of muscle contraction’ taking place while the gymnast is stationary at position A and through the movement phase to position B. (2 marks)
Position A Position B
Name, sketch and label the lever system that is operating at the elbow during the movement from A to B (from previous question). (3 marks)
The player’s left leg is driving him forward. For the movement occurring at the knee joint of the drive leg, name:
In some games, players kick a ball to keep possession and/or to gain territory.
Figure 4 shows a footballer kicking a ball.
Skilled performance is made possible through the effective use of lever systems.
a) Sketch and label a third class lever system. (3 marks)
b) In your diagram, draw and label the effort arm and the resistance arm. (2 marks)
c) What are the advantages and disadvantages of third class levers over the other types of lever systems? (2 marks)
Complete the table below to explain the movement occuring in the right arm from position B to D. (6 marks)
A B C D
Use the diagram to fill in the table below.
Flexion GlutealsEccentric Extension Gluteals Concentric
Flexion Quadriceps Eccentric Extension Quadriceps Concentric
The diagram shows a rugby player throwing the ball for a line out. Complete the table below to identify the movements taking place during the withdrawal phase and throwing phase of the skill. (4 marks)
Flexion Biceps Extension Triceps