Causes of the American Revolution. The Road to Independence Take out your spiral for Warm-up and notes. Proclamation Line of 1763 - Bellringer. 1) The Colonists were still fighting ______. 2) King George III of England states the colonists can not pass the ______ Mountains.
The Road to Independence
Take out your spiral for Warm-up and notes
1) The Colonists were still fighting ______.
2) King George III of England states the colonists can not pass the ______ Mountains.
3) ______ were given the _____ River Valley.
4) The Colonists felt ______ about the Proclamation.
5) How would you feel if someone gave your property away?
This was a slogan by James Otis used in the 13 colonies from 1763 – 1775
The colonists complained that taxes were forced on them without any colonial representation in Parliament
This violated the rights given to them in the Magna Carta (1215)
Britain owed a large debt from the French and Indian War
Keeping troops in the colonies would raise that debt even higher
Wanted colonies to pay for part of that debt and to help with the cost of defense in the colonies
A strong unified British Empire is good for all
Colonists are British subjects and should obey British law
Taxes are due to French & Indian War which was fought to protect colonies
American colonies would be weak without Britain
People have rights government can’t take away, like property
Colonists don’t have voice in Parliament, so they can’t tax colonies
Many colonists fought in the French & Indian War (we’ve done our part)
British personnel are causing violence, riots, and death
Quartering Act, 1765
Sugar Act, 1764
To enforce the Proclamation Line
10,000 English soldiers stayed in the colonies
To save the King money the colonists had to house the soldiers in their homes or pay for them to be housed
To get the colonies to pay for the French and Indian War they used taxation
Tariffs on sugar, molasses and other products shipped to the colonies
“Taxation without Representation is Tyranny” – James Otis
Stamp Act, 1765
refused to buy English goods
“No Taxation Without Representation”
bought goods from smugglers
(like John Hancock)
political cartoons, letters, pamphlets, poems
groups like the Sons of Liberty
Secret Societies -
Tar and Feathering
Forcing Tea down tax collectors throat
Caning (hitting with stick)
Who are they?
Who do you think created this cartoon?
Response from the Colonists
Townshend Acts, 1767
Boston Massacre, 1770
1,000 soldiers came to Boston because of the riots
Townsmen and soldiers yelled insults to each other
A fight broke out
Soldiers started shooting into the fight
5 townsmen died, including Crispus Attucks, first African American to die
Colonists started the fight
British soldiers were defending themselves
Samuel Adams (leader of The Sons of Liberty) named it the Boston Massacre
Soldiers were put on trial for murder of the colonists
John Adams (cousin) defended the soldiers and they were set free – Why did he defend them?
King George III
Sam Adams urged the colonists to create these committees in 1772
Purpose – to stay informed of British actions abroad and continue to spread the seeds of rebellion
These groups exchanged letters on colonial affairs
These groups led to the creation of the 1st Continental Congress
Part of the Committee of Correspondence in Boston; created by Samuel Adams.
She wrote a series of pamphlets and satires against the British.
Wrote the 1st history of the American Revolutionary War, using notes from meetings and conversations.
She convinced many people to take up the Patriot cause.
Response from the Colonists
Tea Act, 1773
Boston Tea Party, 1773
Townshend Acts repealed in 1770 except…
Kept the tea tax to prove England still had the right to tax the colonists
1773 - Parliament then formerly gave the British East India Company control of all tea trade in America
Protests fueled by the Committees of Correspondence
Sons of Liberty in Boston was most famous
Resentment for monopolizing tea trade
Dressed as Natives they threw 342 chests of tea into the harbor
British officials wanted the men to be arrested
Fiery patriot and member of the Virginia House of Burgesses.
Although most colonists believed any fight with Britain would be short, Henry thought that a show of force would make Britain change its policies.
In March 1775, he is best known for his moving speech in front of the House of Burgesses, in which he ended with the phrase: “Give me liberty or give me death!”
“Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!”
~Patrick Henry, March 23, 1775
Virginia House of Burgesses
The Barrett Farm
The weapons were buried in the field here and disguised a newly planted crop.
Could either the Colonists or British soldiers have stopped the war at this point? How or Why?
At dawn, 700 British troops reached Lexington and faced down 70 militiamen who refused to drop their muskets when ordered.
No one knows who fired first, but within a few minutes, 8 militiamen are killed and British soldiers move on to Concord to destroy military supplies
4,000 minutemen and militiamen arrive first battle of the Revolutionary War