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Bill of Rights. The Rights of the People. What is the difference between a right and a freedom. Rights are things you have Rights are things you can do Government cannot grant rights, they can take away rights Freedom is the condition of being free

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bill of rights

Bill of Rights

The Rights of the People

what is the difference between a right and a freedom
What is the difference between a right and a freedom
  • Rights are things you have
  • Rights are things you can do
  • Government cannot grant rights, they can take away rights
  • Freedom is the condition of being free
  • The power to act or speak or think without imposed restraints
bill of rights1
Bill of Rights
  • First 10 amendments to the Constitution
  • Added in 1791
  • They guaranteed basic freedoms to the people
  • They also limited the powers of the federal and state governments
amendment i
Amendment I
  • Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition
  • Government can’t force a religion upon you; practice what you want or none
  • Say what you want, but there are limits (ex: can’t threaten the president)
  • Can gather together as long as no disturbance to public safety
  • Can complain to/about the government
amendment ii
Amendment II
  • Right to keep and bear arms; states’ right to have militia
  • Gun control?
  • Should citizens have weapons or just a “well regulated militia?”
amendment iii
Amendment III
  • Freedom from having to allow soldiers to stay in citizens’ homes in times of peace
  • Soldiers cannot stay in civilian houses
amendment iv
Amendment IV
  • Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
  • Property cannot be searched without a warrant
  • Warrant is approved by a judge and has to describe what is being searched
amendment v
Amendment V
  • Freedom of being accused of a crime except by grand jury indictment and from being tried twice for the same offense; right to due process
  • Grand Jury to decide if enough evidence for trial
  • No Double Jeopardy- person can’t be tried twice for same crime
  • Plead the 5th- person can’t be forced to testify against himself (self-incrimination)
amendment v continued
Amendment V continued
  • Due process of law- certain procedures that those charged with a crime have to go through
  • Eminent Domain- private property can’t be taken for public use without compensation
amendment vi
Amendment VI
  • Right to a fair trial in criminal cases
  • Speedy and public trial
  • Have to be told what you are being charged with
  • Confront witnesses and have witnesses testify on your behalf
  • May have a lawyer
  • Miranda Rights
amendment vii
Amendment VII
  • Right to a jury trial in most civil cases
  • Jury trial in cases dealing with money and property
amendment viii
Amendment VIII
  • Right to reasonable bail, fines, and punishment
  • No excessive bail or fines
  • No cruel or unusual punishment
  • Death Penalty?
amendment ix
Amendment IX
  • Protection of rights not written in the Constitution
  • Any rights not listed in the Bill of Rights are the people’s rights
  • Right to privacy
amendment x
Amendment X
  • Powers not given to federal government reserved for states or people
  • States rights- any power not given to the federal government are rights for the States to decide unless it goes against the Constitution
  • Ex: Same-sex marriage, Abortion
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