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1800-1830 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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1800-1830

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  1. Early ROMANTICISM 1800-1830

  2. Lesson Objectives • Synthesize knowledge of previous literary eras with new information about Romanticism. • Explain the major archetypes of Romantic Literature.

  3. The Spirit of the Age • Rise of the individual  alienation. • Dehumanization of industrialization. • Rejected political expression and scientific reasoning/rationalization.

  4. 1. Emotions! Passion! Irrationality!

  5. A Growing Distrust of Reason Early19c Enlightenment Romanticism Society is good, curbing violent impulses! Civilization corrupts! • Human experience is subjective and emotional. • Human knowledge is a puny thing compared to other great historical forces.

  6. A Growing Distrust of Reason Continued • “Individual rights” are dangerous efforts at selfishness  the community is more important • What does this mean? Wouldn’t the Romantics want “individual rights?”

  7. The “Romantic Hero” • A reaction against classicism. • The “Romantic Hero:” • Greatest example was Lord Byron (English poet) • Tremendously popular among the European reading public. • Youth imitated his haughtiness (snobbishness; arrogance) and rebelliousness.

  8. The Engaged and Enraged Artist • The artist apart from society. • The artist as social critic/revolutionary. • The artist as genius. • Question: How does this notion of the artist differ from the notion of “authors” of earlier periods?

  9. Wandering Above the Sea of FogCaspar David Friedrich,1818

  10. 2. The "Rugged" Individual

  11. The Individual/The Dreamer • Individuals have unique, endless potential. • Self-realization comes through art • Artists are the true philosophers. • Question: Who were the true philosophers of the Revolutionary Period?

  12. The Dreamer Gaspar David Friedrich, 1835

  13. 3. The Power & Fury of Nature

  14. Glorification of Nature • Peaceful, restorative qualities [an escape from industrialization and the dehumanization it creates]. • Awesome, powerful, horrifying aspects of nature. • Indifferent to the fate of humans. • Overwhelming power of nature.

  15. An Avalanche in the AlpsPhilip James de Loutherbourg, 1803

  16. The DelugeFrancis Danby, 1840

  17. 4. Romanticizing Country Life

  18. The Hay Wain - John Constable, 1821 What about this image is Romantic?