Early ROMANTICISM 1800-1830
Lesson Objectives • Synthesize knowledge of previous literary eras with new information about Romanticism. • Explain the major archetypes of Romantic Literature.
The Spirit of the Age • Rise of the individual alienation. • Dehumanization of industrialization. • Rejected political expression and scientific reasoning/rationalization.
1. Emotions! Passion! Irrationality!
A Growing Distrust of Reason Early19c Enlightenment Romanticism Society is good, curbing violent impulses! Civilization corrupts! • Human experience is subjective and emotional. • Human knowledge is a puny thing compared to other great historical forces.
A Growing Distrust of Reason Continued • “Individual rights” are dangerous efforts at selfishness the community is more important • What does this mean? Wouldn’t the Romantics want “individual rights?”
The “Romantic Hero” • A reaction against classicism. • The “Romantic Hero:” • Greatest example was Lord Byron (English poet) • Tremendously popular among the European reading public. • Youth imitated his haughtiness (snobbishness; arrogance) and rebelliousness.
The Engaged and Enraged Artist • The artist apart from society. • The artist as social critic/revolutionary. • The artist as genius. • Question: How does this notion of the artist differ from the notion of “authors” of earlier periods?
2. The "Rugged" Individual
The Individual/The Dreamer • Individuals have unique, endless potential. • Self-realization comes through art • Artists are the true philosophers. • Question: Who were the true philosophers of the Revolutionary Period?
3. The Power & Fury of Nature
Glorification of Nature • Peaceful, restorative qualities [an escape from industrialization and the dehumanization it creates]. • Awesome, powerful, horrifying aspects of nature. • Indifferent to the fate of humans. • Overwhelming power of nature.
4. Romanticizing Country Life
The Hay Wain - John Constable, 1821 What about this image is Romantic?