Christian Evidences APLA Day 2. The Bible. Quiz #1. 1. Give three examples of claims Jesus made which were “backed up” by miracles he worked at the same time. 2. Name at least one non-Christian writer who mentioned Jesus in the first or very early second century. Ex Cr for more than one.
1. Give three examples of claims Jesus made which were “backed up” by miracles he worked at the same time.
2. Name at least one non-Christian writer who mentioned Jesus in the first or very early second century. Ex Cr for more than one.
3. Describe the teleological argument for the existence of God.
5. According to the majority of biblical scholars, when was the book of Daniel written? When was it actually written?
6. List two Messianic prophecies: chapter and verse and the basic thing or things prophesied.
Inerrant: The Bible contains no errors whatsoever. This is the standard fundamentalist view.
Translation issues. Translations are not perfect.
Copyist errors. It is a fact that Hebrew and Greek texts have errors.
John Oakes, PhD
“Some of these alternative versions (Gospel of Thomas, Gospel of Phillip, Gospel of Judas) may have circulated more widely than the familiar four Gospels”
“A long-buried side of Christianity is re-emerging”
“In fact, it is unclear whether the authors of any of the gospels—even the familiar four—actually witnessed the events they described.”
Judas Did Jesus a favor when he “betrayed” him!!!
“The secret account of the revelation that Jesus spoke in conversation with Judas Iscariot.”
Judas was Jesus’ closest apostle.
Jesus revealed secret, deeper knowledge of his purpose and ministry to Judas. This Gospel reveals this deeper knowledge (gnosis).
National Geographic: Marcionites, Ebionites, Gnostics, Orthodox Christians are all equally valid views of Jesus which fought it out. What we know as Christianity is the one that won out (DaVinci Code). The Gospel of Judas is just another of many equally valid pictures of the true Jesus. “In fact, it is unclear whether the authors of any of the gospels—even the familiar four—actually witnessed the events they described.”
This is a lie!!!
Even the Gnostics did not take them as historical facts. They interpreted their stories/myths as allegories with deep, hidden meaning.
Even Marcion, in his “canon” did not list the Gospel of Thomas or any other of the Gnostic writings! No apostolic authority.
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John and Acts:
Clearly to be taken as literal history with obvious literal meaning. Jesus really walked on water. We know when and where he was born, where he lived, who he touched and healed. He died a horrible, physical, bloody death. This is unmistakably literal.
The Gospel of Judas is not a gospel at all. It is a non-Christian, Gnostic writing from some time after AD 150 with absolutely no apostolic authority and virtually no historical content. It is of great interests to historians of religion in the Eastern Mediterranean in the 2nd century AD, but it has nothing new to tell us about Jesus or about true Christianity.
Justin Martyr AD 150 four “memoirs of the apostles.”
Irenaeus: AD 190 MML&J are the “four pillars of the Gospel.”
The New Testament canon was chosen as those books which, by consensus, had apostolic authority.
The four gospels are the only ones even the heretics ever saw as being truly apostolic.
John 18:31-33, 37
1400 BC – 430 BC
Textual Evidence for Ancient Manuscripts
What about the tens of thousands of manuscript errors in the New Testament?
Blow-up of text from Codex Sinaiticus
Showing uncial manuscript type
A synagogue roll must be written on the skins of clean animals, prepared for the particular use of the synagogue by a Jew. These must be fastened together with strings taken from clean animals. Every skin must contain a certain number of columns, equal throughout the entire codex. The length of each column must not extend over less than forty-eight, or more than sixty lines; and the breadth must consist of thirty letters. The whole copy must be first lined; and if three words be written in it without a line, it is worthless. The ink should be black, neither red, green, nor any other color and be prepared according to a definite recipe. An authentic copy must be the exemplar, from which the transcriber ought not in the least deviate. No word or letter, not even a yod (a vowel mark), must be written from memory, the scribe not having looked at the codex before him…. Between every consonant the space of a hair or thread must intervene; between every word, the breadth of a narrow consonant; between every new section, the breadth of nine consonants; between every book, three lines. The fifth book of Moses must terminate exactly with a line, but the rest need not do so. Besides this, the copyist must sit in full Jewish dress, wash his whole body, not begin to write the name of God with a pen newly dipped in ink, and should a king address him while writing that name he must take no notice of him…. The rolls in which these regulations are not observed are condemned to be buried in the ground or burned; or they are banished to the schools, to be used as reading books.
The Great Qumran Isaiah Scroll