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Theology of Isaiah. Bro. Gary Spaeth. The Theology of Isaiah. The Character of a Holy God The Covenant of a Holy God The Carnality of a Holy People Forgot God Transgressed God’s commands The Justice of God in Punishing Sin Sovereignty of God Punishing Israel Punishing Judah

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Theology of isaiah

Theology of Isaiah

Bro. Gary Spaeth

The theology of isaiah
The Theology of Isaiah

  • The Character of a Holy God

  • The Covenant of a Holy God

  • The Carnality of a Holy People

    • Forgot God

    • Transgressed God’s commands

  • The Justice of God in Punishing Sin

    • Sovereignty of God

    • Punishing Israel

    • Punishing Judah

    • Punishing the pagan Nations

  • The Salvation of God providing a means of Restoration

    • Through the promised messiah

  • The Promise of future blessings and glory

Reason for god s salvation
Reason for God’s Salvation restoration

  • God is Faithful

  • God is Love

  • God is Merciful

  • God is the Savior

  • God is the Redeemer

  • God is Gracious

  • God is Just

God s faithfulness
God’s Faithfulness restoration

  • God Is Faithful

    • General Faithfulness

      • Isaiah 25:1

      • Isaiah 49:7

    • Faithfulness to His covenant

      • Isaiah 59:21

      • Isaiah 61:8

God s love to his people
God’s Love to His People restoration

  • No mention of the word love in the first 35 chapters of Isaiah.

    • Love is pictured in Isaiah 5 (Vineyard)

  • The first mention comes in Isaiah 38:17 with Hezekiah’s song of thanksgiving.

  • Isaiah 43:4 – “I have loved thee”

  • Isaiah 48:14 – “The LORD hath loved him”

  • Isaiah 63:9 – “In his love”

God s mercy
God’s Mercy restoration

  • Lack of Mercy

    • Isaiah 9:17 – “neither shall have mercy on their fatherless and widows”

      • 1) Hypocritical in their thinking;

      • 2) Evil in their doings;

      • 3) Foolish with their words.

    • Isaiah 27:11 – “he that made them will not have mercy on them”

    • Isa 47:6 – “Thou didst shew them no mercy”

God s mercy1
God’s Mercy restoration

  • God’s display of Mercy

    • Isaiah 14:1 – Show in allowing Jacob back to the land

    • Isaiah 16:5 – Millennial throne established in mercy

    • Isaiah 30:18 – Waiting to show mercy

    • Isa 49:10 - “he that hath mercy on them shall lead them”

    • Isa 54:7 For a small moment have I forsaken thee; But with great mercies will I gather thee.

God is a saviour
God is a Saviour restoration

  • Isaiah 43:3 For I am the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. Isaiah 43:11 I, even I, am the LORD; and beside me there is no saviour. Isaiah 49:26 And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.

God is the redeemer
God is the Redeemer restoration

  • גְּאוּלִיםgeʾûliym - “to buy out of slavery” God, as it were, redeems his sons from a bondage worse than slavery.

  • Isaiah 43:1, 14 “I have redeemed thee”

  • Isaiah 44:22-24

  • Isaiah 52:3, 7-12 – “ye shall be redeemed without money”

  • Isaiah 59:20 – “he hath redeemed Jerusalem”

  • Isaiah 63:9 – “In his love and in his pity he redeemed them”

God is gracious
God Is Gracious restoration

  • The word grace is not used in Isaiah, but the concept is displayed throughout the book

    • Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

    • Isaiah 40:1-2 1 Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God. 2 Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the LORD'S hand double for all her sins.

God is just
God is Just restoration

  • Isaiah 1:19-20 19 If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land: 20 But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

Salvation of israel
Salvation of Israel restoration

  • Isaiah 12:1-5

    • God is my salvation

  • Isaiah 25:1-9

    • O Lord, thou art my God

      • Swallow up death. (See 1 Cor. 15:54; Hos. 13:14; Rev. 20:14.)

      • Wipe away tears. (See Rev. 7:17; 21:4.)

Through the promised messiah
Through the Promised Messiah restoration

  • Judah was chasten because of sin and cleansed from iniquity but the removal of iniquity was the work of the promised messiah.

    • Isaiah 40:4-11

Cleansing of israel s sins
Cleansing of Israel’s sins restoration

  • Isaiah 4:4 (KJV) When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.

Cleansing of israel s sins1
Cleansing of Israel’s sins restoration

  • Isaiah 43:25-26 (KJV) 25 I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins. 26 Put me in remembrance: let us plead together: declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.

The messianic prophet
The Messianic Prophet restoration

  • The ministry of John the Baptist (Mt. 3:3; Lk. 3:4; Jn. 1:23)

  • The ministry of Christ to the Gentiles (Mt. 4:14, 15; 12:17, 18)

  • The future rule of Christ over the Gentiles (Rom. 15:12)

  • The healing ministry of Christ (Mt. 8:17)

  • The blindness of Israel (Mt. 13:14; Acts 28:25-27)

  • The hypocrisy of Israel (Mt. 15:7)

  • The disobedience of Israel (Rom. 10:16, 20)

  • The saved remnant of Israel (Rom. 9:27, 29)

  • The sufferings of Christ (Acts 8:28, 30)

  • The anointing of Christ (Lk. 4:17)

His incarnation
His Incarnation restoration

  • Isaiah 7:14

    • This sign was to be given by God. (Note the phrase, “the Lord himself.”)

    • It was given to the entire house of David and not to Ahaz (the word “you” here is plural).

    • It involved a miraculous sign (God had just invited Ahaz to ask of him any fantastic miracle he desired, whether “in the depth or in the height above.” (See v. 11.)

His incarnation1
His Incarnation restoration

  • Isaiah 7:14

    • It concerned a virgin birth. (The Hebrew word almah was a common term for an unmarried and sexually pure woman)

    • This mighty miracle sign would result in the very incarnation of God himself into human flesh, for the baby’s name was to be Immanuel, meaning “God with us.”

    • This divine baby would also be completely human, eating what other children ate, and growing to maturity like other children. (Compare Isa. 7:16 with Lk. 2:52.)

Who is the mother and child
Who is the Mother and Child? restoration

  • The mother is royal, perhaps the queen, and so the child is a royal prince, perhaps Hezekiah.

  • The mother is Isaiah’s wife, and so the child is one of his sons

  • The prophecy does not refer to a specific mother and child but to mothers in Judah generally, who will give their offspring names symbolizing hope in God (cf. 1 Sam 4:19–22).

  • The mother is the Virgin Mary and the child Jesus Christ (cf. Matt 1:22–23).

  • The mother is a royal contemporary of the prophet, whose child’s name would symbolize the presence of God with his people and who would foreshadow the Messiah in whom God would be incarnate.

His birth
His Birth restoration

  • Isaiah 9:6

    • For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

    • Both his humanity and deity are seen here.

    • The phrase, “A child is born” refers to his humanity (Lk. 2:7; Heb. 2:14; 1 Jn. 4:9).

    • The phrase, “a son is given” refers to his deity (Jn. 3:16).

Five great names
Five Great Names restoration

  • “Wonderful”

    • This word is used to represent something unusual or extraordinary.

  • “Counsellor.”

    • “Who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?” (Rom. 11:34). (See also Jn. 2:24, 25.)

  • “The mighty God”

    • “El-Gibbohr”, Isaiah understood that the Messiah was to be God.

  • “The everlasting Father”

    • literally, Aviad, “The Father of eternity.” (See Jn. 1:3; Col. 1:16; Heb. 1:2.)

  • “The Prince of Peace”

    • this is Sar-Shalohim, as described in Isaiah 57:15-19.

The branch out of the root of jesse
the Branch out of the root of Jesse restoration

  • Isaiah 11:1-2

    • “Out of the stem of Jesse” (2 Sam 7:16, Jer. 23:5)

    • “the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him” (Matt. 3:16-17)

      • The attributes of the Holy Spirit would characterize the Messiah

  • Isaiah referred to the Holy Spirit more than did any other Old Testament prophet

    • 30:1; 32:15; 34:16; 40:13; 42:1; 44:3; 48:16; 59:21; 61:1; 63:10-11, 14).

The spirit will rest upon him
The Spirit will rest upon Him restoration

  • The spirit of wisdom

    • that ability to discern the nature of things.

  • The spirit of understanding

    • the ability to discern their differences.

  • The spirit of counsel

    • the ability to adopt right conclusions.

  • The spirit of power

    • the ability to carry them out.

The spirit will rest upon him1
The Spirit will rest upon Him restoration

  • The spirit of knowledge

    • the ability to personally know the very essence of the Father himself.

  • The spirit of the fear of the Lord

    • because of this knowledge, the ability to always refrain from displeasing him. (See John 8:29.)

His relationship to the father
His Relationship to the Father: restoration

  • Beloved by the Father

    • Isaiah 42:1

    • Mine Elect

    • My soul delighteth

      • This was quoted in Matthew 12:18 and demonstrated in Matthew 3:17 and 17:5.

  • Obedience to the Father

    • Isaiah 50:4-6

      • (See Jn. 7:16; 8:28, 38; 12:49; 14:10, 24; Phil. 2:8; Heb. 10:5.)

His specific ministry to the gentiles
His Specific Ministry to the Gentiles restoration

  • Isaiah 9:1-2

    • Darkness by the hand of the Assyrian army

    • Light by the Son of God

      • Jesus Raised in Northern Region of Israel, Galilee of the Gentile

      • Matt 4:12-16

His gracious ministry to all
His Gracious Ministry to All restoration

  • Isaiah 42:2-4

    • He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street

    • A bruised reed shall he not break

    • The smoking flax shall he not quench

    • Matt. 12:14-21 Quotes Isaiah 42:2-4

His miracles
His Miracles restoration

  • Isaiah 35:5-6

    • A. The eyes of the blind were opened.

      • (See Mt. 9:29; Mk. 8:25; Jn. 9:7; Mt. 12:22; Mt. 20:34.)

    • B. The ears of the deaf were unstopped.

      • (See Mt. 11:5; Mk. 7:34.)

    • C. The crooked limbs of the lame were straightened.

      • (See Mt. 9:2; Mk. 12:13; Jn. 5:8.)

His message
His Message restoration

  • Isaiah 61:1-3

    • “Observe that the Lord Jesus suspended the reading of this passage in the synagogue at Nazareth (Lk. 4:16-21) with the words ‘Year of the Lord.’ The first advent, therefore, opened the day of grace, ‘the acceptable year of the Lord,’ but does not fulfill the day of vengeance that will be accomplished when Messiah returns.” (Scofield )

His sufferings and death
His Sufferings and Death restoration

  • In three key passages Isaiah describes in accurate and awesome detail the crucifixion of Christ some 700 years before it took place.

  • Isaiah 50:6

    • 1. the smiters—Matthew 27:26, 30; John 18:22

    • 2. the spitters—Matthew 26:67; 27:30; Mark 14:65; 15:19

His sufferings and death1
His Sufferings and Death restoration

  • Isaiah 52:14

    • Matthew 26:67- 68; 27:27-30

  • “The literal rendering presents a shocking picture: so marred from the form of man was his aspect that his appearance was not that of a son of man, i.e., not human. This was the effect of the brutalities described in Matthew 26:67, 68; 27:27-30.”

    • Scofield notes:

The servant songs in isaiah
The Servant Songs in Isaiah restoration

  • Isa 42:1-9

  • Isa 49:1-13

  • Isa 50:4-11

  • Isa 52:13-53:12

Who is the servant
Who is the Servant? restoration

  • Isaiah

    • Isa. 20:3

  • David

    • Isa. 37:35

  • Israel

    • Isa. 41:8; 44:1, 21; 45:4; 49:3

  • Christ

The servant is christ
The Servant is Christ restoration

  • The testimony of John the Apostle—John 12:37, 38. (Here Isa. 53:1 is quoted.)

  • The testimony of Philip—Acts 8:32, 33. (Here Isa. 53:7, 8 is quoted.)

Quotations of isaiah 53 in nt
Quotations of Isaiah 53 in NT restoration

  • Matt. 8:17 – Isa. 53:4-5

  • Luke 22:37 - Isa. 53:12

  • John 12:38 - Isa. 53:1

  • Acts 8:32-33 - Isa. 53:7-8

  • Romans 10:16 - Isa. 53:1

  • 1 Peter 2:22 - Isa. 53:9

Outline isaiah 53
Outline Isaiah 53 restoration

  • The Rejection of the Savior (53:1-3)

    • A Powerful report (John 12:38, Rom. 10:16)

    • A Weak appearance

    • A Despised servant

  • The Atonement of the Savior (53:4-6)

    • A barer of other’s burdens (1 Pet. 2:24)

    • A barer of guilt for the guilty

    • A barer of iniquity for those who went astray

Outline isaiah 531
Outline Isaiah 53 restoration

  • The Submission of The Savior (53:7-9)

    • A Silent servant

    • A Cut off servant

    • A Buried servant

  • The Exaltation of the Savior (53:10-12)

    • A Pleasing Sacrifice

    • A Satisfied Sovereign

    • A Shared spoil

His resurrection ascension and exaltation
His Resurrection, Ascension, and Exaltation restoration

  • Isaiah 52:13

    • He would be exalted (literally, to be high).

      • This is a reference to his resurrection. (See Mt. 28:1-10.)

    • He would be extolled (meaning, to be lifted up).

      • This is a reference to his ascension. (See Acts 1:9, 10.)

    • He would be very high (or, greatly exalted).

      • This is a reference to his exaltation. (See Phil. 2:5-11.)

His resurrection ascension and exaltation1
His Resurrection, Ascension, and Exaltation restoration

Isaiah 53:10-12

  • The sufferings of God’s Servant.

    • a. He poured out his soul unto death as a trespass offering unto God. (See Jn. 10:11, 15, 18.)

    • b. He was counted as a common criminal.

    • c. In spite of this, he bore the sins of the world and prayed for his tormentors. (See Heb. 2:9; Lk. 23:34.)

Isaiah 53 10 12
Isaiah 53:10-12 restoration

  • The satisfaction of God’s Servant.

    • a. He shall see the spiritual children he died to save. (Compare Heb. 12:1, 2 with Jude 1:24.)

    • b. He would fulfill the will and pleasure of his Father.

    • c. He will receive from his Father the spoils of victory. (See Rev. 11:15.)

    • d. He will be the supreme source of blessing to many nations. (See Rev. 21:22-26.)

    • e. He will enjoy this satisfaction throughout all eternity. (See Rev. 1:8; 1 Pet. 1:1, 2; Heb. 10:22.)