lay the foundations for an empire 500 to 300 bce n.
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Lay the Foundations For an Empire 500 to 300 BCE
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  1. Lay the Foundations For an Empire 500 to 300 BCE

  2. The legendary beginnings of Rome 753 BCE • A Trojan prince by the name of Aeneas survived the Trojan War • He journeyed to Italy and founded a new civilization • Power struggles ensued between his descendents

  3. The Plot Thickens • One descendent Rhea Silvia was persecuted by an evil uncle • Mars, the God of War, was angered by this, and impregnated Rhea Silvia

  4. Romulus and Remus • Twins were born and their evil uncle feared them so he left them out to die • A she-wolf found them and nursed them to health • They grew strong and proud and then destroyed their evil uncle

  5. Conflict and Resolution • Soon a power struggle developed between the brothers • Romulus destroyed Remus in combat and named the new city after himself

  6. Rome in 509 BCE The Battle for Survival • Rome was a small city in Italy • The dominant tribe at the time, were the Etruscans from the north • The Etruscans had a monarchy and wanted to control the Romans

  7. 509 BCE The Birth of a Republic • The Romans defeated the Etruscans and set up a republic • In a republic, there is no monarch

  8. Class Warfare • Patricians were wealthy landowners • Plebeians were artisans and business people

  9. 2 Branches of Government • The Legislative Branch was the Roman Senate • The Senate only represented the Patricians • A Consul was in charge of the Executive Branch

  10. The Military Card • The Plebeians felt exploited • They decided to refuse military service until represented

  11. Bicameral Legislature and Due Process • The Assembly of Tribes became the lower house of the legislature • The 12 Tables was a consistent legal code • In Rome, all enjoyed the concept of equal protection under the law

  12. The Building Block of Society • Healthy families meant a healthy society • The Father was the undisputed leader • Obedient children grew into loyal soldiers and citizens

  13. 300 BCE Buckle-UP • The entire Mediterranean Area was about to be hit by a force the world had yet to see • This was a civilization that really had its act together!