Photos from Pixels Look Ma.... ....No Film firstname.lastname@example.org
A Bit about Me • Avid Photographer • Travel, boating • Family • Eastman House lectures • 4th Digital camera • 2004 will be 100% • Video Editing on PC • Dad’s Movie-making • Marketing Mgr. • No relation to Alfred
What You’ll Learn: • What is a digital photograph? • How does a digital camera work? • How good are digital cameras? • What features should I look for? • What accessories do I need? • How do I get the pictures out of the camera? • How do I edit and print the photos? • What else can I do with digital?
Tell me about Yourself: • Current type of Camera • Uses • Type of computer • Type of Internet connection • Type of home printer
FIRST things first • www.dpreview.com • www.shortcourses.com • www.google.com (Picasa) • www.microsoft.com (Picture Resizer) • www.imagerescue.com (photo media recovery) • Online archival & storage? (too many to mention) • http://rollingthunder.smugmug.com (multiple sizes & video) • Online sites for prints: • www.ofoto.com, snapfish, photoworks, etc • www.clubphoto.com (photo items) • www.mypublisher.com (photo books)
Photo “Workflow”: Three EASY steps Input 1 Optimize Output
If the World was: Black & White: 0 and 1 Two shades of Gray: 00, 01, 10, 11 The eye can “see” 256 shades of a color 256 shades in digital is “8 bits” 00000000 up to 11111111 All 65 million colors can be made from shades of Red, Green, Blue Pixels not Pixies!
Types of Digital Cameras Point & Shoot (no zoom) • “Big Box” Retailers • Camera Stores • Online Merchants • E-Bay Megapixel with Zoom Professional (Dedicated & 35mm adaptable) Digital Video Cameras
Digital “Film” • Older Styles: • Compact Flash • Smart Media • Newer Styles: • XD Media • Optical (CD/R & DVD) • Sony-unique: • Memory Stick SanDisk T-flash (for cell phones)
Batteries & Charging Ni-MH
Typical Viewfinder Flash mode Macro mode Zoom Level Image Quality Pictures Remaining
ViewFinders & Menus Use TV cable at home to “play” with menus
Digital Camera has TWO zooms • Digital Cameras have: • Optical Zoom • Digital Zoom • Optical uses the camera’s LENS • Digital zoom uses only a portion of the camera’s megapixels (extrapolated means GRAINY!) T W
Setting the Aperture Long Depth-of-Field Short Low F-stop 3.2 High F-stop 16
Shutter Speed 1/1000 sec. 1/2 sec. 4 sec.
Flash Pictures Wall Shadow Red Eye Fill-in
Uploading Images from Camera • Cable to PC • Card Reader • Docking Station
Digital Camera Workflow Camera PC Home printer Inkjet Or Thermal USB port USB port USB Memory device Camera Control Software Memory card Kiosk Input Photo Editing Software Internet Browser Photo printer Web Site Docking Station Other Media CD/R Burner
Photo “Workflow” Input Optimize 2 Output
10 Tips BEFORE you edit 1. Get Closer Look through the viewfinder! Professionals typically use long lenses (85-105mm) Most point and shoot cameras have 35mm lenses. 2. Include People in your Shots Add atmosphere and context. Makes the subject easier to relate to Gives a sense of scale 3. Capture Action Keep the people moving Try to 'catch the moment'
10 Tips BEFORE editing (page 2) 4. Simplify the Composition Uncluttered backgrounds offer less distraction Focus on the subject material 5. Put the Subject Off-Centered Place the main subject off the center Professionals use a 'rule-of-thirds' 6. Vary the Angle Can add humor and drama There are many other possibilities
10 Tips BEFORE editing (page 3) 7. Put Foreground in Scenes Gives depth to the shot and adds interest and context Used to frame the subject. 8. Pay attention to Lighting Where is the sun? Light alone can 'make the shot'. 9. Use Flash Flash can be used even outdoors on dull days Effective range is very limited Add additional natural light to a room 10. Hold Still Brace against objects Flash can help to freeze the action.
The Rule of Thirds • Eyes at 2/3 line • Leave “walking & Talking” room
Basics of Cropping • “Casually” crop in the camera’s viewfinder • Plan to “tighten-up” later on • Cutting-off heads is quite acceptable
Photo Formats Portrait Landscape
Camera comes with Software • Installer • Drivers • Editing s/w • Thumbnails • Viewing • Sorting • Printing
Picasa (by google.com) • Free Built-in Archival Tools
3rd-party Photo Editing Software • Adobe Photoshop Elements • Jasc Paint Shop Pro 7 • Microsoft Picture It! • Ulead PhotoImpact 8
Microsoft’s Digital Suite Can OUTPUT “Photo Story Lite” to CD
Microsoft’s Smart Erase • No need to “paintbrush” the artifact
Red Eye removal • Where does the red come from? • Light from the flash passing through the pupil and being reflected on the blood-rich retina • How it happens: • Flash (built-in) is close to the lens • More pronounced with a telephoto lens • Getting close to the subject • More common in dark rooms or in the dark • Effect is less dramatic when a person's reactions are impaired, e.g. during a night on the town • But…Don’t shoot and drive!
Converting Format • Don’t do this in the camera; use your PC • Black & White • Sepia Tone • Fine Art Effects
Only what the lens could see Print to 4”x10” frames PIC0001 PIC0002 PIC0003 A A B B Special Effects: Panoramas PAN0001.JPG (2-3X size)
Making a “work of Art” My Comix Book Lorum ipsum jib jab Blah, blah, blah Hi there www.kodak.com
Everybody wants to SEE them now... Input Optimize 3 Output
Printing Digital Pics • At home • Corner Store • Photo Lab store • Online (Internet) • Not at all (video & LCD display) Bypass your PC
Digital Format Differences • Film format & size is “slightly different” than digital • Digital is 4:3 • So……. • 4”x6” print is • 4”x5.33” • Crop lines automatic
Carry-in Kiosk Printing • Take your media card (digital “film”) into the store: • Grocery store • Photo store • Edit on-site (touch screen) • Prints ready shortly
Too many pictures? PhotoMontage software
“Soft” Pictures from Camera Video Slide Shows “Ken Burns” Effects
Keep your Pictures with You • LCD Jewelry • USB Memory Watches • FIRST on a “stick” for patrons
Novel Uses for Digital Camera • Home inventory • Remembering something before taking it apart • Legal proof and claim