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Jewish Female Philanthropists in Latin America. Jewish women and the Kehillah Class relations among Jewish Women Women and Latin American Governments Case studies of Argentina and Brazil. Francesca de Kramer-1 st President of the Girls’ Orphanage. Rebecca de Gl ücksmann.

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jewish female philanthropists in latin america
Jewish Female Philanthropists in Latin America
  • Jewish women and the Kehillah
  • Class relations among Jewish Women
  • Women and Latin American Governments
  • Case studies of Argentina and Brazil
factors in the growth of the asylum
Factors in the Growth of the Asylum
  • Expectations of post-war immigration of Jewish refugees
  • The financial support of the Jewish Community—both Sephardic and Ashkenazi
  • The popularity of fund raising events for women—dances and teas in the most elegant establishments of the city
  • The presence of wealthy members of the Jewish community at the Orphanage for Jewish holidays and weddings of the orphans
political problems with the orphanage and its female leaders
Political Problems with the Orphanage and its female leaders
  • Criticized by elements of the Jewish community for being too elitist and snobby
  • Personified by the reign of Rebeca de Glücksmann for almost 30 years although no one chose to oppose her
  • By 1940s it became clear that the Argentine government would not allow large numbers of Jewish refugee children into Argentina, and the local need for an orphanage diminished
  • Women of the orphanage strongly avoided the Peronist government of Juan Peron (1946-55)
  • Yet received annual government subsidies from the 1920s until 1950---why? How does this relate to increased anti-Semitism during this time period?
brazil
Brazil
  • Women’s philanthropic organizations began in 1906 as the Religious Israelite Women’s Association for Burials—linked to the men and women associated with the Jewish White Slave Trade but ran exclusively by the women
  • The men operated the synagogue and the school
other jewish women s philanthropic organizations
Other Jewish Women’s Philanthropic Organizations
  • UNIBES—a philanthropic organization founded in Sao Paulo in 1915 to help refugees—Jewish Brazilian Welfare Organization
  • In 1976 several groups merged into one umbrella organization that includes a Jewish orphanage, old age homes, Jewish Society to Protect the Poor, etc.