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What Is a Catalyst? And Why?

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What Is a Catalyst? And Why? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What Is a Catalyst? And Why?

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  1. What Is a Catalyst? And Why? An agent that changes (either increasing or decreasing) the rate of a chemical reaction. Catalysts change the kinetics of one or more reactions without being transformed. Catalysts save energy, time, and or expense which is why they are useful. Why to use a Fuel Catalyst Improve fuel quality regardless of source Reformulate and resuscitate fuels Suppresses bacteria activity in all fuels Reduces maintenance Lower soot content in the lubricating oil Minimize injector and fuel system maintenance Minimize exhaust system maintenance Improves lubricity of diesel Lower emissions and improve fuel economy Improve engine performance Insure quality of stored fuel. What Is a Catalyst? An agent that changes (either increasing or decreasing) the rate of a chemical reaction. Catalysts change the kinetics of one or more reactions without being transformed. Catalysts save energy, time, and or expense which is why they are useful.

  2. What Is the Fitch Fuel Catalyst? It is a heterogeneous catalyst. It is not an additive. It does not lose potency. It induces chemical reactions among fuel molecules at low temperatures. Credentials 9 Patents: Domestic and International EPA accredited under 40CFR85.2114 not to void engine manufacturer’s warranty. Tested at numerous independent laboratory and dynamometer facilities. Approved for use in all American Motorcycle Association AMA Pr Racing Series events. Accepted for sale and use in California by Cal Air Resources Boar CARB EO #D-352-1. 600 psi operating pressure per U.S. Coast Guard specification Mil –S-901 D Shock Tested For use on Military combat equipment Why Use the Fitch Fuel Catalyst Lower emissions and improve fuel economy, Reduced maintenance, Lower soot content in the lubricating oil, Minimize injector and fuel system maintenance, Minimize exhaust system maintenance, Insure quality of stored fuel, Improve fuel quality regardless of source, Save money.

  3. Manufacturing unit and Laboratory

  4. CERTIFICATE The f'itch~ Fuel Cntulystmlmuf~c,~n~d by Advanced (l0\V-+~ Systems Tnternntlonnl Inc. hils been ccrtlfkc1 under (he E~A' YOlunthryAnennorket f>Arts Certltlcntlon PI"C1S!rllll1 40CFR85.2J14 RS deflned in the I?ecrnJReglsrer Volume 5~t No. 151 havlngsntlsflerl nil the requlrements elf the prog.;omfflfp.~~mlsstons related PRrt, whlchls defined In ~S.2102(14) I1S"those PA~H in5tollCiJ rrl;r;it!Cspeclfle purpose bf~ntrolllngemlssicns." "The MOO Director shall deqyccrtm'Cntfon to f\ny parts which h~ Hi "he determines Is not IIh emission related pnrt," 8S.2U4{l) A!i 11result of thlseertlflcntlon nu nutomotlve dealer mAy not deny warranty C(Wl!ntgc for fIvehlele based lin the presence (If the Fltch® Fuel Catalyst. Thlscerttftcntton applies tu 0112005 nndenrller model yenr ~M"lIl\c cnginclicertlfledttl the Tier 0 euilsslonsturulnrds and J11.'~nopplle« tft diesel fut:lcdlir,l!t-rlut)' tnl(lk~"f cnglncfim,lI), Jl3G6.2K7Z;r.42. Vehicle Programs and Compliance Division UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ,AGENCY WASHINGTON, D.C. 20460

  5. How Does the FFC Change Gasoline? • Molecules in the C1, C2, C3, C4 (which contribute to pre-ignition) are markedly diminished. • Highly branched molecules in the C7 –C11 range are increased. These are ideal for optimal combustion. Octane Rating Increases. • Oxidation Stability improves as measured with ASTM D525. • Fitch Fuel Catalyst reverses the natural degrading process of gasoline. • Bacterial growth is suppressed • How Does the FFC Change Diesel? • Percentage of branched hydrocarbons are reduced. Percentage of long chain hydrocarbons are increased. • These are ideal for combustion. 2,6,10,14 tetramethylheptadecane is reduced. 2,3,6-trimethylnaphthalene is reduced. • Fitch Fuel Catalyst reverses the natural degrading process of diesel. • Cetane index is increased.

  6. Bacterial Growth Test Results Bacterial Growth in Gasoline with and without FFC -90 Days

  7. Gasoline Engine Test –FTP 75 ASTM Testing of Diesel

  8. Rail Traction Diesel Engine Dyno Test

  9. Rail Traction Diesel Engine DynoTest Cont..,

  10. Typical gasoline vehicle installations Typical Diesel Truck Installation

  11. Northern Railway DG Set. Car #98853 ASR SwarnShatabdi Express LPH • Average fuel oil consumption before Fitch 52.25 liters per hour • Average fuel oil consumption with Fitch 45.82 liters per hours. • Average savings 12.3% • Northern Railway DG Set. Car #97852 ASR SwarnShatabdi Express BSFC • Average fuel oil consumption before Fitch 0.206 liters per kw/hour • Average fuel oil consumption with Fitch 0.1765 liters per kw/hour • Average savings –14.3% N H P C DG Set test at 315KVA Model Kirloskar Cummins KT15G 315KVA Baseline fuel consumption no load = 11.2 LPH Fitch fuel consumption no load = 10.33 LPH Average no load fuel savings = 7.7% N H P C Field tests mixed equipment Chamera-I, 175C loader avg. savings 18.1% Chamera-II, Toyota Qualis avg. savings 9.5% Ranjit P S, Ambassador Car avg. Savings 20% Tanakpur P S, 750CFM air compressor avg. savings 11% Dhauliganga P S, 500KVA DG set avg. savings 5% Dhauliganga P S, Gypsy van avg. savings 9% Field Tests on BHEL Equipment Loader (Diesel), Avg. savings = 18.85% Godrei & Boyce lifter, Avg. savings = 17.5% Ambassador Car, Avg. savings = 14% CO reduced by 80%

  12. Clients Fortune 500 Customers World Wide