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Practical Applications of Research-Based Learning Principles

Practical Applications of Research-Based Learning Principles

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Practical Applications of Research-Based Learning Principles

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  1. Practical Applications of Research-Based Learning Principles Dr. Ginger M. LeBlanc Bakersfield College

  2. Psychology • Basic Research • Application • Use information, techniques and skills derived from psychological science • Areas: • Case Workers • Counselors • Teachers • Animal Trainers

  3. Psychology of Learning • Behaviorism • Watson, Thorndike, Skinner • Emphasis • Environment • Behavior • Scientific Method

  4. Principles of Learning • Learning is relatively permanent change in behavior due to experiences. • Derived from empirical research using nonhuman animals. • Operant Conditioning • Consequences have future effect on behavior

  5. Autism Therapy Session Reinforcement • Increase probability of behavior • Reinforcer qualities • Factors influencing effectiveness: • Immediacy • Consistency • Contingency

  6. Extinction • Decrease probability of behavior • Removal of reward • Factors influencing effectiveness • Immediacy, consistency, contingency • Side effects • Extinction burst • Low to zero levels of responding

  7. Shaping • Differential reinforcement of successive approximations • Reward behaviors that more closely resemble desired behavior • Task Analysis • Break behavior in small steps

  8. Animal Application • Animal Behavior Research • Husbandry Training

  9. Conclusion Valuable application of learning principles Selecting Stimulus as Reinforcer