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Les Articles Définis et les Sujets Pronoms au Singulier. LE, LA, L’. To refer to a SPECIFIC person, place or thing, you use a definite article. In French the singular definite articles are le , la and l’ , all meaning “the.” .

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LE, LA, L’

  • To refer to a SPECIFICperson, place or thing, you use a definite article. In French the singular definite articles are le,la and l’, all meaning “the.”

Leprecedes a MASCULINEword beginning with a consonant sound.

  • The ham sandwich costs five euros.

Lesandwich au jamboncoûtecinqeuros.

slide3

LE, LA, L’

  • Laprecedes a FEMININEword beginning with a consonant sound.
  • The quiche isdelicious.
  • Laquiche est délicieuse.
slide4

LE, LA, L’

L’is used instead of le or la before a MASCULINEor FEMININE word beginning with a VOWELsound.

Je préfère l’eau minérale.

  • I prefermineral water.

L’omelette est pour Marie-Hélène.

  • The omelette is for Marie-Hélène.
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LE, LA, L’

A definite article (le, la, l’) may also designate a noun in a GENERALsense.

J’aimela glace.

  • I like ice cream (in general).
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la pizza

M/F?

Voici ___________________

le coca

M/F?

Voici ___________________

lefromage

M/F?

Voici ___________________

le jus d’orange

M/F?

Voici ___________________

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lejambon

M/F?

Voici ___________________

la quiche

M/F?

Voici ___________________

le café

M/F?

Voici ___________________

M/F?

l’eauminérale

Voici ___________________

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IL, ELLE

The subject pronoun il(it) may replace a masculine singular noun.

Le dessert est superbe.

  • The dessert issuperb.

Ilestsuperbe.

  • It is superb.

The subject pronoun elle(it) may replace a feminine singular noun.

  • The salad is fresh.

La saladeestfraîche.

  • It is fresh.

Elleestfraîche.

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Voici la pizza

_____ coûte 5 euros

elle

_____ coûte 1 euros 50

il

Voici le coca

il

_____ coûte 7 euros

Voici le fromage

Voici le jus d’orange pizza

_____ coûte 2 euros 50

il

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Voici le jambon

_____ coûte 15 euros

il

elle

_____ coûte 5 euros

Voici la quiche

il

_____ coûte 1 euros 75

Voici le café

elle

Voici l’eau minérale

_____ coûte 2 euros 50