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Chapter 19 – The Atmosphere in Motion

Chapter 19 – The Atmosphere in Motion

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Chapter 19 – The Atmosphere in Motion

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  1. Chapter 19 – The Atmosphere in Motion Topic 1 Topic 2 Topic 3 Topic 4 Topic 5 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 FINAL ROUND

  2. Topic 1:$100 Question • In the doldrums, where surface winds from two hemispheres meet, there is • a. hot, humid air with little or no wind. • b. Winds that are steady in direction and speed. • c. Winds that blow toward the northeast. • d. A very strong Coriolis effect. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  3. Topic 1:$100 Answer • In the doldrums, where surface winds from two hemispheres meet, there is • a. hot, humid air with little or no wind. • b. Winds that are steady in direction and speed. • c. Winds that blow toward the northeast. • d. A very strong Coriolis effect. BACK TO GAME

  4. Topic 1:$200 Question • Sea breezes, land breezes, and mountain breezes are examples of • a. Jet streams • b. Trade winds • c. Local winds • d. Polar winds ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  5. Topic 1:$200 Answer • Sea breezes, land breezes, and mountain breezes are examples of • a. Jet streams • b. Trade winds • c. Local winds • d. Polar winds BACK TO GAME

  6. Topic 1:$300 Question • For every 5 km increase in elevation above sea level, a barometer reading will drop by about • a. 1% • b. 10% • c. 50% • d. 90% ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  7. Topic 1:$300 Answer • For every 5 km increase in elevation above sea level, a barometer reading will drop by about • a. 1% • b. 10% • c. 50% • d. 90% BACK TO GAME

  8. Topic 1:$400 Question • In the Southern Hemisphere, the Coriolis effect causes an object moving freely across Earth’s surface to turn • a. to the object’s left • b. to the object’s right • c. up • d. down ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  9. Topic 1:$400 Answer • In the Southern Hemisphere, the Coriolis effect causes an object moving freely across Earth’s surface to turn • a. to the object’s left • b. to the object’s right • c. up • d. down BACK TO GAME

  10. Topic 1:$500 Question • Winds between the doldrums and horse latitudes that are warm and relatively steady in direction and speed are known as • a. Trade winds • b. Horse latitude winds • c. Intertropical convergence zone winds • d. Doldrum easterlies ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  11. Topic 1:$500 Answer • Winds between the doldrums and horse latitudes that are warm and relatively steady in direction and speed are known as • a. Trade winds • b. Horse latitude winds • c. Intertropical convergence zone winds • d. Doldrum easterlies BACK TO GAME

  12. Topic 2:$100 Question • Why don’t you feel the weight of the air column that stretches from your head to the top of the atmosphere? • a. Forces inside your body push inward, so you don’t notice the extra force. • b. Air has no weight. • c. Forces inside your body push outward, balancing the weight on you. • d. Air floats, so it does not press on you. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  13. Topic 2:$100 Answer • Why don’t you feel the weight of the air column that stretches from your head to the top of the atmosphere? • a. Forces inside your body push inward, so you don’t notice the extra force. • b. Air has no weight. • c. Forces inside your body push outward, balancing the weight on you. • d. Air floats, so it does not press on you. BACK TO GAME

  14. Topic 2:$200 Question • Wind direction can be affected by • a. The pressure gradient • b. The Coriolis effect • c. friction • d. All of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  15. Topic 2:$200 Answer • Wind direction can be affected by • a. The pressure gradient • b. The Coriolis effect • c. friction • d. All of the above BACK TO GAME

  16. Topic 2:$300 Question • Why don’t you notice the Coriolis effect on a stream of water coming out of a hose when you are watering your lawn? • a. The water is not moving over large enough distances for the effect to be noticeable. • b. The water is moving too fast out of the hose to change direction. • c. You do notice the effect, you just didn’t realize what it was. • d. The hose interferes with the Coriolis effect. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  17. Topic 2:$300 Answer • Why don’t you notice the Coriolis effect on a stream of water coming out of a hose when you are watering your lawn? • a. The water is not moving over large enough distances for the effect to be noticeable. • b. The water is moving too fast out of the hose to change direction. • c. You do notice the effect, you just didn’t realize what it was. • d. The hose interferes with the Coriolis effect. BACK TO GAME

  18. Topic 2:$400 Question • The instrument that measures and records air pressure on a chart is a • a. mercury barometer • b. anemometer • c. barograph • d. altimeter ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  19. Topic 2:$400 Answer • The instrument that measures and records air pressure on a chart is a • a. mercury barometer • b. anemometer • c. barograph • d. altimeter BACK TO GAME

  20. Topic 2:$500 Question • In what direction does air exert pressure? • a. upward • b. downward • c. east to west • d. all directions ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  21. Topic 2:$500 Answer • In what direction does air exert pressure? • a. upward • b. downward • c. east to west • d. all directions BACK TO GAME

  22. Topic 3:$100 Question • Because water vapor molecules are lighter than nitrogen or oxygen molecules, • a. Hot air rises • b. Clouds form in cold fronts • c. Air pressure is low at high altitudes • d. Humid air is lighter than an equal volume of dry air at the same temperature ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  23. Topic 3:$100 Answer • Because water vapor molecules are lighter than nitrogen or oxygen molecules, • a. Hot air rises • b. Clouds form in cold fronts • c. Air pressure is low at high altitudes • d. Humid air is lighter than an equal volume of dry air at the same temperature BACK TO GAME

  24. Topic 3:$200 Question • If Earth did not rotate and there were no Coriolis effect, surface wind direction would primarily be • a. from east to west • b. from west to east • c. from the poles to the equator • d. from the equator to the poles ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  25. Topic 3:$200 Answer • If Earth did not rotate and there were no Coriolis effect, surface wind direction would primarily be • a. from east to west • b. from west to east • c. from the poles to the equator • d. from the equator to the poles BACK TO GAME

  26. Topic 3:$300 Question • Which of the following does not affect how strong wind is? • a. The pressure gradient • b. The Coriolis effect • c. The altitude • d. The roughness of Earth’s surface. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  27. Topic 3:$300 Answer • Which of the following does not affect how strong wind is? • a. The pressure gradient • b. The Coriolis effect • c. The altitude • d. The roughness of Earth’s surface. BACK TO GAME

  28. Topic 3:$400 Question • Lines on a map that join points having the same sea-level air pressure at a given time are called • a. barographs • b. aneroids • c. isobars • d. isotherms ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  29. Topic 3:$400 Answer • Lines on a map that join points having the same sea-level air pressure at a given time are called • a. barographs • b. aneroids • c. isobars • d. isotherms BACK TO GAME

  30. Topic 3:$500 Question • Wind speed is measures by a(n) • a. wind vane • b. anemometer • c. barograph • d. psychrometer ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  31. Topic 3:$500 Answer • Wind speed is measures by a(n) • a. wind vane • b. anemometer • c. barograph • d. psychrometer BACK TO GAME

  32. Topic 4:$100 Question • Which of the following is not a weakness of the three-celled model of Earth’s wind patterns? • a. The circulation at mid-latitudes has been simplified. • b. Continents and seasons are not taken into account. • c. The Coriolis effect is not taken into account. • d. Upper-level winds have been simplified. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  33. Topic 4:$100 Answer • Which of the following is not a weakness of the three-celled model of Earth’s wind patterns? • a. The circulation at mid-latitudes has been simplified. • b. Continents and seasons are not taken into account. • c. The Coriolis effect is not taken into account. • d. Upper-level winds have been simplified. BACK TO GAME

  34. Topic 4:$200 Question • During the Northern Hemisphere summer, the intertropical convergence zone can occur as far north as • a. 10°N • b. 30°N • c. 60°N • d. 90°N ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  35. Topic 4:$200 Answer • During the Northern Hemisphere summer, the intertropical convergence zone can occur as far north as • a. 10°N • b. 30°N • c. 60°N • d. 90°N BACK TO GAME

  36. Topic 4:$300 Question • When the coastal land is warmer than the nearby water, what type of breeze forms? • a. a northeaster • b. a land breeze • c. a sea breeze • d. a Coriolis effect breeze ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  37. Topic 4:$300 Answer • When the coastal land is warmer than the nearby water, what type of breeze forms? • a. a northeaster • b. a land breeze • c. a sea breeze • d. a Coriolis effect breeze BACK TO GAME

  38. Topic 4:$400 Question • Air above the pole is • a. Warm and sinking • b. Warm and rising • c. Cold and rising • d. Cold and sinking ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  39. Topic 4:$400 Answer • Air above the pole is • a. Warm and sinking • b. Warm and rising • c. Cold and rising • d. Cold and sinking BACK TO GAME

  40. Topic 4:$500 Question • The Coriolis effect is greatest • a. near the poles • b. near the equator • c. in the Northern Hemisphere • d. in the Southern Hemisphere ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  41. Topic 4:$500 Answer • The Coriolis effect is greatest • a. near the poles • b. near the equator • c. in the Northern Hemisphere • d. in the Southern Hemisphere BACK TO GAME

  42. Topic 5:$100 Question • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 • d. Choice 4 ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  43. Be able to label the high and low pressure regions, and indicate the direction of flow on each circulation cell of the three celled-circulation model. High Low High Low High Low High

  44. Essay #1 During the nineteenth century, many New Hampshire farmers found that crops grew better and that temperatures were milder on mountainsides than in valleys. Explain why. Mountain and valley breezes help to regulate the temperature on a mountain. At night, the cool mountain air sinks and flows into the valley. During the day, hot mountain air rises and a breeze flows up from the valley.

  45. Essay #2 Why can an umbrella salesperson in India take long vacations during the winter? How might air pressure during the winter affect umbrella sales? During the winter in India, cold sinking air over the continent flows toward low pressure over the sea, producing cold, dry winds. The lack of moisture makes for a dry season, which could affect umbrella sales.

  46. Topic 5:$100 Answer • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 (correct answer) • d. Choice 4 BACK TO GAME

  47. Topic 5:$200 Question • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 • d. Choice 4 ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  48. Topic 5:$200 Answer • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 (correct answer) • d. Choice 4 BACK TO GAME