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The Effects of Television Violence on our Children

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  1. The Effects of Television Violence on our Children Jenny Hanson Fall 2004

  2. The following site contains a trailer of an upcoming movie. It takes some time to load, but it is an excellent example of the violence children are viewing at theaters and on TV. http://sonypictures.com/movies/boogeyman/video/boogeyman_high.asx

  3. Monday, March 10, 2003 Kids' viewing of TV violence linked to aggression as adults (AP) --People who watch violent television as children behave more aggressively even 15 years later, according to one of the few TV violence studies to follow children into adulthood.

  4. While TV violence is not the only cause of aggressive or violent behavior, it is clearly a significant factor.

  5. The effect appeared in both sexes irregardless of how aggressive a person was as a child. Televised violence suggests to young children that aggression is appropriate in some situations. It also erodes children’s natural aversion to violence. The study linked violent TV viewing at ages 6 to 9 to such outcomes as spouse abuse and criminal convictions in a person's early 20s.


  6. The three major effects of seeing violence on television are: Children may become less sensitive to the pain and suffering of others. Children may be more fearful of the world around them. Children may be more likely to behave in aggressive ways toward others.

  7. As parents, we need to provide guidelines for our children’s television viewing. The next few slides suggest some ways that we can begin to overcome poor viewing habits and help our children become selective consumers of videos and television programs.

  8. It is not enough to say "no" to certain programs. Provide alternatives, such as games, reading, art projects, playing outside, or park district classes. Once your children learn that there are other ways to have fun, they won't feel deprived by limited TV.

  9. Keep the TV out of your child's bedroom. Know what programs your children are watching, rather than allowing the TV to be a passive baby-sitter. Watch TV with your children. Provide a dialogue and discussion, including asking your children what the people on the show are feeling to promote empathy.

  10. Present a good role model by limiting your own TV viewing. Rule out TV at certain times, such as before breakfast or during homework. Give your children a TV allowance. Help them make decisions on how to spend the hours they are allotted.

  11. Encourage your children to watch programs in which the characters are helpful and caring toward each other. Carefully monitor cartoons. They are often the worst offenders in terms of violence. Protect younger children from the violence on the news. If are exposed to violence, talk to them about what is happening and how the problem might be solved.

  12. Watching TV violence can be harmful to the mental health of children. Remember that children view life differently than adults. Scenes that seem Ok to an eight-year-old child may badly frighten a four-year-old.

  13. We cannot expect our children to monitor their own TV watching. We, as adults, must do it for them. Parents need to set limits on the amount and the kinds of programs that their children watch. Plan weekly television schedules with your children. By teaching children to make thoughtful choices about what they watch on television, parents can encourage children to watch programs that are educational or at least benign.

  14. Watch at least one episode of the programs your child regularly views, and discuss the content with them. Explain incidents children may have questions about, and discuss alternatives to violence for solving problems.

  15. Encourage your children to watch educational programs. Talk about what you see on TV. Limit watching time to no more than 20 hours per week. Talk to your children about how the characters feel, and encourage them to create other endings for the programs they watch. Ask your children if violence is ever funny, as in cartoons, and point out that real life doesn't work that way.

  16. Parents can protect children from excessive TV violence in the following ways: - Refuse to let the children see shows known to be violent. - Point out that although the actor has not actually been hurt or killed, such violence in real life results in pain or death.

  17. Change the channel or turn off the TV set when offensive material comes on; then give an explanation of what is wrong with the program. Disapprove of violent episodes and stress that such behavior is not the best way to resolve a problem. Build a home video library to ensure that quality movies are always available for your children to watch.

  18. Teach children not to bully others, and what they should do if they are being bullied by someone. Teach children to differentiate between fiction/fantasy and real life. Encourage your children to watch programs in which the characters are helpful and caring toward each other.

  19. Monitoring children’s viewing takes extra time and dedication. It is not an easy task; your children will not thank you for your dictates. But parenting has never been for the faint of heart.

  20. Although this presentation focuses on television violence, parents also need to be aware of Video Game violence. Video games come with warnings to help parents decide which titles are appropriate for their children. However, the salespeople do not enforce the rating system, nor do the rental sites. It is up to the parents to stand firm and make the tough, unpopular, but very necessary decisions about which games their children are allowed to play.

  21. In addition to monitoring your child’s TV and video viewing habits, and banning violent Video games, parents must be vigilant when their young ones are surfing the Internet. The next two slides present Warning Signs parents should watch for that will tell them if their child is spending too much time engaged in questionable activities on the Internet. The Impact of Violent Computer Games on ChildrenBy Dr. Kimberly Young, Expert Cyberpsychologist

  22. Warning Signs in the School-Aged Child: • Consistently does not listen to adults. • Has trouble paying attention and concentrating. • Has few friends, and is often rejected by other children • because of his or her behavior. • Is not sensitive to the feelings of others. • Often disrupts classroom activities. • Does poorly in school. • Is easily frustrated.

  23. Warning Signs in the School-Aged Child • Frequently gets into fights with other children in school. • Reacts to disappointments, criticism, or teasing with extreme and • intense anger, blame, or revenge. • Watches many violent television shows and movies • or plays a lot of violent video games. • Makes friends with other children known to be unruly or aggressive. • Is cruel or violent toward pets or other animals. Dr. Young, expert Cyberpsychologist and the author of Caught in the Net the first recovery book for Internet Addiction.

  24. The government won’t limit the violence. The television networks won’t limit the violence. Only parents can control their children’s viewing habits and ensure that what they watch helps them grow into decent, caring individuals.

  25. Parents, Band together with the parents of your children’s friends to limit the amount of time your children can watch TV and the programs you will allow them to watch. Stand firm about when and what your children can watch. You can make the difference.

  26. Answers • False 5. False • True 6. False • True 7. False • False Try the “Protect the Children” Quiz on Television Violence • True of False • The government is attempting to ban violence on all networks that feed into • homes with children. • 2. Children who watch violent shows are more likely to choose violence as a • means to solve problems. • 3. Children who view violent programs are more likely to avoid violence as an adult • 4. Prime time commercials are often the worst offenders in terms of violence. • 5. Cartoons are monitored by the Networks and those that are deemed too violent • are removed from the Saturday morning lineup. • 6. If your eight year old child tells you a show is not scary, • you can safely assume that your four year old can • watch it with the family. • 7. Children should always be encouraged to watch the • news as it is relevant to their lives.

  27. Credits Kids' viewing of TV violence linked to aggression as adults. CNN News. Monday, March 10, 2003 http://edition.cnn.com/2003/HEALTH/03/10/tv.violence.ap/ Children and TV Violence. American Academy of Child and Adolescent, Psychiatry, April 1999, http://www.aacap.org/publications/factsfam/violence.htm Children and television violence,1999 http://www.abelard.org/tv/tv.htm Kids and TV Violence, DuPage County Health Department. May 24, 2004 http://www.dupagehealth.org/health_ed/parent_kids.html Video Games/TV/Internet. Talking About Kids, http://primetimetv.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http%3A%2F%2F www.whyy.org%2F91FM%2FTAKtips0212.html Kalin, C.,Television, Violence, and Children, Media Literacy Review, June, 1997 http://interact.uoregon.edu/MediaLit/mlr/readings/articles/kalin.html Senate report: Media violence affects kids, The Associated Press, August 1999, http://www.freedomforum.org/templates/document.asp?documentID=10853 Dr. Young, Kids and Computers - Addiction and Media Violence http://www.netaddiction.com/television_violence.htm BloodRayne 2, PC Games http://www.gamespot.com/pc/action/bloodrayne2/

  28. Sources by Slide Number: Images and Sounds • http://www.vredesopvoeding.be/violence-tv.gif Kid watching TV • http://teacher.scholastic.com/kidusasu/violence/img/violent1.gif Picture of TV and words • TvKid.gif • 3. http://www.uni-koeln.de/phil-fak/paedsem/psych/medien/medpsy/tv_konsu/grafik5.gif Kid stabs dad • Two girls watching TV http://www.christianity.com/CC/Images/141285/141285.JPG • http://www.topics-mag.com/edition02/images/tv_kidsyuki.jpeg • http://www.pbs.org/parents/issuesadvice/talkingwithkids/war/images/tv.gif • Senate Report: Media Violence Affects Kids http://www.freedomforum.org/graphics/illos/violence.tv.jpg • Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection http://www.countryclipart.com/school.htm • Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection http://www.countryclipart.com/school.htm • Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection http://www.countryclipart.com/school.htm • Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection http://www.countryclipart.com/school.htm • Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection http://www.countryclipart.com/school.htm • Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection http://www.countryclipart.com/school.htm • Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection http://www.countryclipart.com/school.htm 14. http://www.cssd11.k12.co.us/bristol/images/cartoon/boyglobelt.gif Boy with Globe 15. http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsaf/foodsafety/factsht/boyappl.jpg Boy with Apple 16. http://www.fema.gov/kids/twins/flood/kids_tv3.gif Kids watching TV picture 17. http://www.doe.state.la.us/lde/icons/instructional%20resources.jpg Boy using computer 18. http://www.safety-council.org/images/bully.jpg Boy bullying girl. 19. Antanae kids.gif 20. http://www.nintendo.com/gamemini?gameid=m-Game-0000-1422 Warning label http://www.nintendo.com/gamemini?gameid=m-Game-0000-1422 Fighting game 21. http://www.netaddiction.com/products/New_Video_Cover_XL.jpg. Book Cover 22. http://disabilities.temple.edu/presentations/Built/Image3.jpg Baby on computer 23. http://www.air.org/tapartnership/images/computer.GIF Boy and computer picture 24. Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection http://www.countryclipart.com/school.htm 25. Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection http://www.countryclipart.com/school.htm 26. None 27. http://www.tribuneindia.com/2002/20020113/spectrum/1stress.jpg 28. http://www.copta.org/images/kids%20with%20tv.gif Dad with children

  29. Sources Kids' viewing of TV violence linked to aggression as adults. CNN News. Monday, March 10, 2003 http://edition.cnn.com/2003/HEALTH/03/10/tv.violence.ap/ Children and TV Violence. American Academy of Child and Adolescent, Psychiatry, April 1999, http://www.aacap.org/publications/factsfam/violence.htm Children and television violence,1999 http://www.abelard.org/tv/tv.htm Kids and TV Violence, DuPage County Health Department. May 24, 2004 http://www.dupagehealth.org/health_ed/parent_kids.html Video Games/TV/Internet. Talking About Kids, http://primetimetv.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http%3A%2F%2F www.whyy.org%2F91FM%2FTAKtips0212.html Kalin, C.,Television, Violence, and Children, Media Literacy Review, June, 1997 http://interact.uoregon.edu/MediaLit/mlr/readings/articles/kalin.html Senate report: Media violence affects kids, The Associated Press, August 1999, http://www.freedomforum.org/templates/document.asp?documentID=10853 Dr. Young, Kids and Computers - Addiction and Media Violence http://www.netaddiction.com/television_violence.htm BloodRayne 2, PC Games http://www.gamespot.com/pc/action/bloodrayne2/ Credits Microsoft PowerPoint