Biodiversity in development cooperation
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Biodiversity in development cooperation. Policy responses: EU Sustainable Development Strategy Recognises importance (global) biodiversity European Consensus for Development Environment and natural resources as focal area EU Biodiversity Action Plan (global biodiversity)

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Biodiversity in development cooperation
Biodiversity in development cooperation

Policy responses:

  • EU Sustainable Development Strategy

    • Recognises importance (global) biodiversity

  • European Consensus for Development

    • Environment and natural resources as focal area

  • EU Biodiversity Action Plan (global biodiversity)

  • EU Environment Integration Strategy by 2011

    • Includes sustainable management of natural resources

Environment integration approach
Environment integration approach

  • Environmental considerations to be systematically incorporated in preparation of all strategic plans and programmes of EC development co-operation, in particular Country Strategy Papers.

  • In-depth policy analyses on environment and natural resources important for cooperation dialogue with partner countries.

  • Country Environmental Profiles and Strategic Environmental Assessments are important tools for integrating environment and are to be used systematically.

  • Coordination and harmonisation within EU and with other donors (Aid effectiveness)

  • Many opportunities within CSP – NIP: in rural development, governance, economic development…

  • Necessity to enhance internal communication on EU commitments towards Biodiversity & Forests


  • European Development Consensus 2005: Environment and sustainable management of natural resources can be both considered as a cross-cutting issue or focal sector, and developing countries should be assisted with MEA objectives

  • DCI: Thematic Programme on Environment and Natural Resources (ENRTP)

Which financial instruments
Which financial instruments?

Environment and natural resource management (biodiversity) should preferably be addressed through the respective geographical instruments:

  • European Development Fund (EDF - Cotonou)

  • DCI (Development Cooperation Instrument) and ENPI (European Neighbourhood Policy).

  • Instrument for Stability

  • Within EDF, allocations for each country (CSP), 6 regional (RSP) for 6 ACP regions (4 in Africa + Caribbean + Pacific), and one global (Intra-ACP).


  • DCI basic act (art 13)

  • 2007-2013 indicative €804 Mln, increased to approx. 1 Bln € (2010)

  • Biodiversity 2007-2010:

    • € 30.6 mln

    • € 72 mln promotion of Sustainable Forest Management.

    • € 34 mln FLEGT)

    • € 6.4 mln fisheries & marine/coastal resources

    • € 6.5 mln ENPI Biodiversity.

    • In total, approximately €140 mln 2007-2010 ENRTP

Enrtp implementation
ENRTP Implementation

  • Examples:

    • Biological corridor Cuba – Haiti - DR

    • Central Africa World Heritage Forest Initiative.

    • CITES Capacity building

    • Call for proposals 2009:

      • Ecosystems South East Asia

      • Invasive Species (OCT + SIDS)

Other major biodiversity projects
Other major biodiversity projects

  • ECOFAC – Central African region

  • Biodiversity in China

  • Parc W West Africa

  • Intra ACP 10th EDF: Protected Areas and Access and Benefit Sharing

Biodiversity as cross cutting issue
Biodiversity as cross-cutting issue

  • Burundi: focal area rural development with improvement water quality lakes and rehabilitation park Ruvubu

  • Ethiopia: promote conservation, use and national and international valorisation of Ethiopian's (agro)-biodiversity in all parts of the country

  • Benin – Technical Assistance to help set up financing mechanism for biodiversity conservations (parks) and also for accord Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger for management Park W

Important tools
Important tools

  • Country Environmental Profiles: overview (+/- 40 pages of environmental issues, and recommendations on how these are to be addressed, both as cross cutting issue or through concrete activities

  • Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEA): upstream assessment of potential impact of activities in a sector as a whole (for example transport)

  • EIA: Environmental Impact Assessment at project level.

Next steps
Next steps

  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)

    • promote a better understanding of the true economic value and the benefits arising from biodiversity and the ecosystem services it provides and of the linkages to poverty issues

    • develop tools and policies to properly value ecosystem goods and services and to make better use of economic incentives for the sustainable use of ecosystem services such as through market-based instruments

  • Climate Change – REDD + (role forests and agriculture for mitigation)

  • Review of ENRTP – next phase

  • More rigorous implementation environment and natural resources guidelines


  • Environment Integration Guidelines adopted (December 2009): preparation of Country Environmental Profiles and Environmental Assessments,

  • more attention to climate adaptation (sector notes)