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Research conducted by… Dr. Ruth Massingill Sam Houston State University (Texas) Teesside University (England) As part of a larger project… …to examine HIV/AIDS social marketing campaigns in Mexico, Uganda & USA Overall aim was to…

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slide2

Research conducted by…

Dr. Ruth Massingill

Sam Houston State University (Texas)

Teesside University (England)

As part of a larger project…

…to examine HIV/AIDS social marketing campaigns in Mexico, Uganda & USA

Overall aim was to…

…understand which appeals and approaches are most effective in motivating lifestyle changes to prevent HIV/AIDS infection and improve treatment results

hiv aids social marketing
HIV/AIDS & Social Marketing
  • 33+ million people living w/ HIV/AIDS (2010)
  • Infection rates on the rise among high-risk groups
  • 14,000 new infections DAILY
  • Behavioural problem, not a medical problem
  • Complacency driving decline in ‘safe sex’
  • Social marketing could be ‘social vaccine’
  • Must understand the AIDS landscape, marketing theory & practice, and the evolving medical picture
knowledge perceptions survey
Knowledge & Perceptions Survey
  • Purpose: Gather baseline info establishing perceived knowledge level of a high-risk, high-interest downstream audience
  • Method: Anonymous surveys with separate signed consent forms (English & Spanish)
  • Place: Legacy Clinic in Houston (November 2009)
  • Sample selection: By consent and convenience
  • Sample size: 342 valid surveys collected over four-day period (90+% participation)
slide5

‘The 50,000 HIV/AIDS cases in Houston are not the result of cognitive information deficits—the problem is high-risk behaviours. People with HIV are the medical equivalent of skydivers; they are risk-takers and thrill seekers.’

—Paul Simmons, director

Center for AIDS Information & Advocacy, Houston

demographics
Demographics
  • 66% (identified themselves as) male
  • 42% heterosexual, 38% homosexual, and 10% bisexual
  • 37% white, 36% black, 16% Hispanic, 11% other
  • 31% aged 37-47, 26% were 26-36, 23% were 48-58, 16% were 18-25
  • 48% high school graduates and 33% college graduates
  • 31% HIV-negative, 54% HIV-positive
data analysis
Data Analysis
  • Analysed first in terms of simple descriptives
  • Followed by cross tabs to determine significant associations (Pearson’s chi-square test)
  • Responses to statements divided into groups and tested for reliability

This paper focuses on findings and conclusions from initial analysis.

responses to q1
Responses to Q1

From which of these sources have you learned about HIV/AIDS in the past 4-5 years?

responses to q2
Responses to Q2

Rate each of these sources of HIV/AIDS information according to how credible (believable) they have been in your experience.

responses to q3
Responses to Q3

Please check the response that best represents how you feel about these statements.

responses to q4
Responses to Q4

Mark all of these HIV/AIDS treatments you have heard of.

Based on your experience, mark all treatments you think can be effective in treating HIV/AIDS.

survey findings info sources
Survey Findings: Info Sources

Most popular sources

1. Television

2. Magazines

3. Family/friends (48%)

4. OR Newspapers (48%)

5. Radio

6. Books

Most credible sources

1. Medical websites

2. OR Conventional MDs (both 57%)

3. Television

4. Books

5. HIV/AIDS websites

6. Magazines

survey findings info sources1
Survey Findings: Info Sources

Least popular sources

1. Alternative MDs

2. Social media

3. Emails

4. Blogs/online bulletin boards

5. Religious organisations

6. E-newsletters

Least credible sources

1. Social media

2. Fellow workers

3. Religious organisations

4. Emails

5. Family/friends

6. Blogs/online bulletin boards

survey reaction interviews
Survey Reaction Interviews
  • Conventional doctor: ‘Abstinence programs are not working and drug cocktails don’t work for all.’
  • Advocate:‘HIV-positive people are fatigued: they have technology mediated sex lives and they are tired of that. ’
  • Alternative doctor: Survey participants ‘incredibly ignorant about treatments available and their effectiveness.’
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Traditional media sources still important and credible
  • Social media least credible
  • Alarming number of knowledge gaps regarding HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and global trends.
  • Lack of information about medical facts
  • Statistical assessment indicates HIV-positive group needs info on HIV treatment options
survey comments
Survey Comments

‘It’s sad we have gotten comfortable with these diseases. To really educate yourself, you have to make an effort.’

—Bisexual man, HIV-positive

‘Taking this survey made me realize how much I don’t know about HIV/AIDS .’

—Straight woman, HIV-negative

‘Knowledge is power!’

—Gay man,HIV-positive

future work
Future Work
  • Most research has focused on how HIV/AIDs prevention programmes are working—little done regarding treatment options
  • Opportunities to implement a customisedtransdisciplinarymarcon model at Houston clinics
  • Include conventional and alternative information about treatment choices
  • Holistic research touches many disciplines: many publishing/presentation possibilities
  • Survey could be replicated with other groups