Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) By Phil St Jacques & Eric Mott
Creation of TVA -Established by Congress on May 18th, 1933 -One of the largest public works programs -Roosevelt believed it was duty of gov. to supply electricity • Because private enterprises did not • This causes controversy
Creation of TVA (cont.) -Part of Roosevelt's New Deal -Aimed at ending the Depression -Roosevelt wanted to create: "A corporation clothed with the power of government but possessed the flexibility and initiative of a private enterprise."
Where is the Tennessee Valley? -Drainage basin of the Tennessee River -Includes: • Tennessee • SW Kentucky • NW Georgia • NE Mississippi • Western Virginia • North Carolina
Main Goals of the TVA Main Purposes: -Tackle economic issues • Through electricity, farming, construction, etc. -Conservation • Part of New Deal, One of Roosevelt's "C's" -Provide electricity • Only 10% of rural areas had electricity
What did they do? -Built dams • Controlled floods, produced electricity, improved navigation on rivers -Worked with farmers to preserve environment • Taught new farming technique, replanted forests, developed fertilizers -Provided low-cost electricity • Dams produced hydroelectric power @ low prices
Major Issues -People thought gov. shouldn't interfere with economy • Said it was step towards socialism -Utility companies also opposed • Said government was taking away business
Government & Involvement -Was declared constitutional -Many court cases against it • Concerned about gov's involvement -Government became involved in jobs & public works -Followed Roosevelt's idea of increased federal spending
Effects -Construction of Dams • Created 80,000 temporary jobs -New farming techniques • Brought region back to fertility -New power sources • Made farms more productive -Planted new forests • Conserved soil by reducing erosion
Effects (Cont.) -Modernized the Tennessee Valley area -Made life easier during tough times -Overall was very successful -Program is still active today
Works Cited Ezzell, Patricia Bernard. "TVA: Home Page." TVA: Home Page. TVA, n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.tva.gov/>. “Our Documents – Transcript of the Tennessee Valley Authority Act ( 1933)."Welcome to OurDocuments.gov. Web. 19 Feb. 2011. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=65&page=transcript>. "TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY." TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY. Feri, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012. <http://newdeal.feri.org/guides/tnguide/ch09.htm>. "Tennessee Valley Authority Clean Air Act Settlement." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012. <http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/cases/civil/caa/tvacoal-fired.html>. "Tennessee Valley Authority." United States History. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1653.html>.