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AP Government Test Review & Procedures. Scoring. 120 points total 90-120 75% 5 75-89 62% 4 60-74 50% 3 36-59 30% 2 0-35 29% 1. Curriculum Outline. Constitution & Federalism 5-15% Political Beliefs & Public Opinion, & Voting 10-20% Parties, Interest Groups, Media 10-20%

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Scoring
Scoring

  • 120 points total

  • 90-120 75% 5

  • 75-89 62% 4

  • 60-74 50% 3

  • 36-59 30% 2

  • 0-35 29% 1


Curriculum outline
Curriculum Outline

  • Constitution & Federalism 5-15%

  • Political Beliefs & Public Opinion, & Voting 10-20%

  • Parties, Interest Groups, Media 10-20%

  • 3 Branches of Govt. and Bureaucracy 35-45%

  • Public Policy & The Budget 5-15%

  • Civil Liberties & Civil Rights 5-15%


Multiple choice
Multiple Choice

  • 60 Questions – 1 point each

  • 45 Minutes

  • 50% of total Test grade

  • No penalty for wrong answers (OK to guess)


Free response
Free Response

  • 4 Free Response Questions

    • Each worth 15 points

  • 100 Minutes Total

    • 25 minutes for each question

  • 50% of grade

  • Do not write a thesis

  • Answer question clearly and directly

  • You can add a “spare tire”

    • If the question asks for two examples or reasons you can give 3

    • The reader is required to read all of them and give credit for the best 2


Free response1
Free Response

  • 1. Read the ENTIRE Question Carefully. If the question is split up, answer it in the same manner (ex. Question A, Question B, etc...)

  • 2. Make sure you directly answer the question asked. If the question asks for Multiple Answers then GIVE multiple answers /examples, characteristics, etc...

  • 3. Don't cater to only one ideology or philosophy. Just answer the question.

  • 4. Be to the POINT and CONCISE-don't get lost in the words (Usually 1 page is enough!)

  • 5. Think back to the Multiple Choice Part- was there anything in there you can use?

  • 6. Answer EVERY Question and completely as possible. DO NOT Give up on any question You may score a few points for trying! (Use the Spare Tire if needed!)

  • 7. Black INK is easiest for Readers to read your essay! No pencils please.


The incumbency advantage
The Incumbency Advantage

  • Single most important factor in determining the outcome of congressional elections

    • Pork barrel

    • Franking privilege

    • gerrymandering


Federalism
Federalism

  • Power divided between central governments and regional governments

  • Federal government prevails when there is conflict

    • Necessary & Proper clause

    • Commerce clause

    • Federal mandates

      • All have increased the power of the Federal government relative to the states

  • Process of Amending the Constitution illustrates structure of American Government


Selection of supreme court justices
Selection of Supreme Court Justices

  • By President

    • w/ majority vote of Senate

  • Judicial Restraint

    • Use framers of the Constitutions'’ original intent when deciding cases

  • Judicial Activism

    • Supreme Court must correct injustices when other branches fail to do so


The electoral college
The Electoral College

  • President not elected directly by people

  • Must receive majority of electoral votes

  • Winner Take All System

    • Candidate who wins a plurality of votes get all state’s electoral votes

  • Difficult for 3rd Parties

  • If there is a tie

    • House decides the President


African american voting patterns
African American Voting Patterns

  • Vote predominantly democratic

  • Support more liberal candidates


Voter turnout
Voter Turnout

  • U.S. is lower than most Western democracies

  • Majority don’t vote in nonpresidential elections

  • More education = More voting

  • More income = More voting

  • Older = More Voting

  • Women vote more than men


Divided government
Divided Government

  • President & Congress from different parties

  • Slows legislative process

  • More partisanship

  • President can use media to gain support


The veto power
The Veto Power

  • President can Veto a bill

    • Congress can over ride 2/3rds vote

  • Pocket Veto

    • Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill and President does nothing

  • Line Item Veto

    • Ruled unconstitutional


President cabinet
President & Cabinet

  • President appoints Cabinet

    • Need consent of Senate

    • Pres. Can fire Cabinet w/o consent

  • Divided Loyalties

    • Loyal to goals of their department

  • Often difficulty in controlling Cabinet

    • Form Iron Triangles with interest groups & congressional committees


The federalist papers
The Federalist Papers

  • Federalist 10

    • Madison

    • Political factions undesirable but inevitable

    • A large republic would fragment political power and curb the threat posed by factions


14 th amendment selective incorporation
14th Amendment & Selective Incorporation

  • Made African Americans citizens

    • Voided Dred Scot decision

  • Due Process Clause

    • Forbids states from acting in an unfair way

  • Equal Protection Clause

    • Forbids a state from discriminating against or drawing unreasonable distinctions between persons

  • Selective Incorporation

    • Uses 14th Amendment to extend most of the Bill or Rights to states


Political socialization
Political Socialization

  • Political values are formed and passed from one generation the next

  • Family is the most important agent


Critical election
Critical Election

  • When groups of voters change their traditional patterns of party loyalty

  • Triggers party realignment


Selection of supreme court cases
Selection of Supreme Court Cases

  • Nearly all cases reach S.C. by a writ of certiorari

  • Rule of Four

  • Refuses to hear most lower court appeals


The mass media
The Mass Media

  • Affects which issues public things are important

  • Horse Race Journalism

    • Media focuses on polls, personalities, and sound bits

    • Instead of key issues


Articles of confederation
Articles of Confederation

  • Weak central government that had limited power over the states

  • Created a unicameral Congress

  • Lacked power to levy taxes or regulate interstate trade


The role of state legislatures
The Role of State Legislatures

  • In the Original Constitution

    • Chose U.S. Senators

    • Change with 17th Amendment

      • Now elected by the people of each state

  • State Legislatures

    • Determine boundary lines of congressional districts

  • State Legislature

    • Ratify amendments by a 3/4ths vote of the states