Yerkes and US Naval Observatories. By: Danielle B. and Gia M. F ounded in 1897 by George Ellery Hale F inanced by Charles T. Yerkes O perated by the University of Chicago in Williams Bay, Wisconsin. Beginnings of Yerkes Observatory.
By: Danielle B. and Gia M.
The observatory, which calls itself "the birthplace of modern astrophysics.“
Yerkes Observatory is most famous for its 102 cm (40 inch) refracting telescope built by the master optician Alvan Clark. This is the largest refracting telescope used for scientific research
Yerkes Observatory is the setting for about seven minutes of the 1996 movie Chain Reaction. One of the principal characters, Maggie McDermott, is first seen looking through the big refractor. The movie features a gunfight on the roof of Yerkes Observatory and an airboat chase across frozen Geneva Lake.Popular culture
The E street site proved to be a poor choice for an astronomical observatory due to the mud flats and swampy land.
The only major telescope at the UNSNO is the famous 26” Alvan Clark Refractor.
The USNO has been the home of many famous Astronomers either as its Director, as staff members or as visitors.
Under the leadership of Matthew Fontaine Maury, the Naval Observatory achieved wide acclaim for advances in astronomy, navigation, and oceanography.
The United States Naval Observatory is the only institution in the United States where such fundamental observations are made on a regular basis.Importance