Globalization & Culture. DQs- Chapter 5. Does globalization make people more alike or different? Is this a good or bad thing? What impact does the MNC media industry have on culture? How does globalization impact languages ? What role does culture have in achieving a global consciousness?.
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DQs- Chapter 5 • Does globalization make people more alike or different? Is this a good or bad thing? • What impact does the MNC media industry have on culture? • How does globalization impact languages? • What role does culture have in achieving a global consciousness?
What about Culture? • Attributes • Causal relationships • Slow to change
Globalization & Culture About Culture • Symbolic construction • Articulate information • Means of self-expression Done through: • Language, music, art, etc. ¤
Q 1: More or Less Alike? Hyperglobalizers: More, and it’s a bad thing • Homoginization • ‘Culture Industry’ • ‘McDonaldization’ • ‘Ethos of Infantilization’ ¤
More or Less Alike? Optimists: More, and it’s a good thing • Americanization democracy & capitalism • New forms cultural expression • ‘Glocalization’ • ‘Hybridity’ ¤
Q 3: Role of MNC Media • Shape identities • Structure desires • Small group dominates • Affects values • Less journalistic ¤
Languages How well do you know ‘English’? • What is the point of this exercise? • Do you think this is an indication that American, British, and Australian English, with enough time, could evolve into different languages?
Q 3: Impact on Languages • Disagree about direction • Question dominance of any one • Extinction trend—> chart ¤
Q 4: Impact on Languages • Which languages are disappearing? • Dialects • Waning populations • Indigenous groups
Q 4: Impact on Languages • Exploration • Colonization • Spanish, Portuguese, English, French, etc. • Migration • Diaspora communities • Mix languages • Malta ¤
Q 4: Impact on Languages • Media • Internet content • Instant communication • Movies, T.V. shows • Poland v. Germany • Use social media to mobilize • Saudis used Twitter to campaign for higher wages ¤
Q 4: Impact on Languages • Education • Availability of materials • Cost of translated materials • Dominant int’l scientific, academic publications • German- chemistry ¤
Q 4: Effect on Languages GN domination • Chinese next? Are all effects negative? • More shared knowledge • Greater interaction • Opportunity for increased standard of living • Visit any GS country • Learn language of tourists, make $ ¤
Q 4: Global Consciousness Barriers • Cultural imperialism • Cultural relativism Advantages • Brings together diverse groups • Social media ¤