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A global score for COSMO models - recommendations from “The Score Meeting of 20th August 2007 in Zurich”. Francis Schubiger, Pirmin Kaufmann, Adriano Raspanti, Ulrich Damrath. 1. Administrators want it! Modellers cannot learn from it! I don‘t like it! But we have to do it!

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slide1

A global score for COSMO models -recommendations from “The Score Meeting of 20th August 2007 in Zurich”

Francis Schubiger, Pirmin Kaufmann, Adriano Raspanti, Ulrich Damrath

motivation

1

  • Administrators want it!
  • Modellers cannot learn from it!
  • I don‘t like it!
  • But we have to do it!
  • Lets find a compromise!
Motivation
  • Administration needs information about development of forecast quality for weather elements of public interest in order to
    • justify the costs for computers, persons and so on
    • see any trend over years
    • have a quick and representative overview with the smallest possible number of scores:

This is:1

approach
Approach

Application of a score like the UK-index - basic values

Continuous elements

Wind

Skill score for wind and continuous elements

related to persistence

Skill score for categorical elements

related to chance

approach1
Approach

Application of a score like the UK-index - final score

alternate approach hit score for all elements
Alternate approachHit score for all elements

Calculation of a score based on hits whithin given thresholds

Number of correct forecasts whithin threshold

H= --------------------------------------------------------------

Number of all forecasts

Number of correct forecasts whithin threshold

H= --------------------------------------------------------------

Number of correct forecasts by persistence

Score has no chance because UK-score is well established!

skill scores for forecasts @ dwd stations over germany4
Skill scores for forecasts @ DWDStations over Germany

Precpitation

Cloud cover

Temperature

Wind speed

A

k

!!!

open questions
Open questions
  • A score like the UK-score?
  • What about the elements?
  • Which type of stations?
  • Scores also for single elements?
    • Administrators may be overextended.
    • Modellers could be happy.
    • Verificators have to work.
  • Other questions?
scores in movi and ukmo
Scores in MOVI and UKMO
  • Continuous parameters: Reduction of variance

RV = 1 – (RMSE prog / RMSE ref)2

where ref = persistence

  • Categorical parameters: ETS
    • ETS = (R – „chance“) / (T –“chance“)

R= number of obs events correctly forecast

T = number of events which were either observed or

forecasted

global score S like

COSMO-index COSI = S/S0 x100

parameters
Parameters
  • total cloud amount [threshold: 0-2, 3-6, 7-8 (perhaps: middle class 3-5 depending on frequency distribution)
  • temperature [t2m, later: tmin, tmax]
  • 10m- windvector
  • precipitation [thresholds: 0.2, 2, 10 mm/6h]
verification frequency
Verification frequency
  • All 3h
    • T2m, 10m-wind and cloudiness:
      • @ 00, 03,…, 18, 21 UTC

later on: tmin & tmx over 12h

  • 6h-sums: precipitation
verification frequency1

03

06

09

12

15

18

21

24

Verification frequency
  • Cloud cover wind and temperature
  • 6h-sums: precipitation

Forecast day

03

06

09

12

15

18

21

24

Persistence

one day before

forecast day

06

12

18

24

selection of stations algorithm station location gp
Selection of stations algorithm: station location <-> gp
  • New algorithm from Pirmin
    • will be implemented in CVS and tested for 3 (6) months
  • List of stations:
    • starting point: EWGLAM station list for verification (selection of availability of cloudiness each 3h a day) & „some more“ representative stations for COSMO-countries
    • THE_Score computed for each COSMO-country, different regions (W/N/E/S-Europe, Alps, smallest common region of all COSMO-xx, …)
which models aggregation
Which models ? Aggregation ?
  • Start with COSMO-7
  • But programming also for COSMO-2
  • Temperature and windspeed: 1 gridpoint
  • Precipitation: mean of at least within same radius (~15km)
  • Cloudiness:radius of 30 km
conclusion and compromise
Conclusion and compromise
  • Administration needs information about development of forecast quality
    • Ok! They will get a single score!
  • Modellers need information about the forecast quality for each element and different forecast times
    • Ok! They will get a lot of scores in terms of RV and ETS!
actions required
Actions required:
  • Create a list of stations to be included in the verification procedure
    • List of stations for each COSMO member
    • Stations for other countries: EWGLAM stations
    • COSMO stations with observations of cloud cover each 3 hours!
  • Accept or modify this proposal during this meeting!
ewglam list
EWGLAM list:

JAN MAYEN 01001 70.93 -8.67 10.00

TROMSO/LANGNES 01025 69.68 18.92 10.00

ALTA LUFTHAVN 01049 69.98 23.37 3.00

VARDO 01098 70.37 31.10 14.00

SKLINNA FYR 01102 65.20 11.00 23.00

RANA-BASMOEN 01149 66.27 13.98 31.00

BODO VI 01152 67.27 14.37 13.00

SVINOY FYR 01205 62.33 5.27 38.00

TRONDHEIM/VAERNES 01271 63.47 10.93 17.00

BERGEN/FLORIDA 01317 60.38 5.33 12.00

OSLO/GARDERMOEN 01384 60.20 11.08 204.00

STAVANGER/SOLA 01415 58.88 5.63 9.00

KRISTIANSAND/KJEVIK 01452 58.20 8.08 17.00

RYGGE 01494 59.38 10.78 53.00

KARESUANDO 02080 68.45 22.50 327.00

GUNNARN 02128 64.97 17.70 280.00

LULEA/KALLAX 02186 65.55 22.13 17.00

HOLMOGADD 02288 63.60 20.77 6.00

SVEG 02324 62.03 14.37 360.00

SODERHAMN 02376 61.27 17.10 26.00

KARLSTAD FLYGPLATS 02418 59.37 13.47 46.00

STOCKHOLM/BROMMA 02464 59.35 17.95 14.00

JONKOPING FLYGPLATS 02550 57.77 14.08 226.00

GOTSKA SANDON 02584 58.40 19.20 12.00

OSBY 02626 56.37 13.95 83.00

HOBURG 02680 56.92 18.15 38.00

IVALO 02807 68.62 27.42 147.00

SODANKYLA 02836 67.37 26.65 179.00

PUDASJARVI 02867 65.37 27.02 114.00

KAJAANI 02897 64.28 27.68 143.00

KUOPIO 02917 63.02 27.80 98.00

JOENSUU 02929 62.67 29.63 119.00

JYVASKYLA 02935 62.40 25.68 141.00

TAMPERE/PIRKKALA 02944 61.42 23.58 112.00

PORI 02952 61.47 21.80 13.00

TURKU 02972 60.52 22.27 49.00

HELSINKI-VANTAA 02974 60.32 24.97 51.00

LERWICK 03005 60.13 -1.18 82.00

STORNOWAY 03026 58.22 -6.32 9.00

KINLOSS 03066 57.65 -3.57 7.00

WICK 03075 58.45 -3.08 39.00

ABERDEEN/DYCE 03091 57.20 -2.22 65.00

TIREE 03100 56.50 -6.88 12.00

GLASGOW AIRPORT 03140 55.87 -4.43 8.00

ESKDALEMUIR 03162 55.32 -3.20 242.00

LEUCHARS 03171 56.38 -2.87 12.00

BOULMER 03240 55.42 -1.60 23.00

LEEMING 03257 54.30 -1.53 40.00

VALLEY 03302 53.25 -4.53 11.00

HEMSBY 03496 52.68 1.68 13.00

ABERPORTH 03502 52.13 -4.57 133.00

BIRMINGHAM/AIRPORT 03534 52.45 -1.73 99.00

CARDIFF-WALES AIRPORT 03715 51.40 -3.35 67.00

LONDON/HEATHROW AIRPORT 03772 51.48 -0.45 24.00

MANSTON 03797 51.35 1.35 55.00

BOURNEMOUTH AIRPORT 03862 50.78 -1.83 11.00

JERSEY AIRPORT 03895 49.22 -2.20 84.00

BELFAST/ALDERGROVE AIRPORT 03917 54.65 -6.22 81.00

VALENTIA OBSERVATORY 03953 51.93 -10.25 9.00

ROSSLARE 03957 52.25 -6.33 23.00

SHANNON AIRPORT 03962 52.70 -8.92 14.00

DUBLIN AIRPORT 03969 53.43 -6.25 68.00

CLAREMORRIS 03970 53.72 -8.98 69.00

BELMULLET 03976 54.23 -10.00 9.00

MALIN HEAD 03980 55.37 -7.33 20.00

THORSHAVN 06011 62.02 -6.77 54.00

ALBORG 06030 57.10 9.87 3.00

THYBORON 06052 56.70 8.22 3.00

SKRYDSTRUP 06110 55.23 9.27 43.00

KOBENHAVN/KASTRUP 06180 55.63 12.67 5.00

DE KOOY 06235 52.92 4.78 0.00

DE BILT 06260 52.10 5.18 2.00

TWENTHE 06290 52.27 6.90 35.00

VLISSINGEN 06310 51.45 3.60 8.00

KOKSIJDE 06400 51.08 2.65 4.00

UCCLE 06447 50.80 4.35 100.00

ST-HUBERT 06476 50.03 5.40 563.00

KLEINE BROGEL 06479 51.17 5.47 55.00

PAYERNE 06610 46.82 6.95 490.00

LA CHAUX-DE-FONDS 06612 47.08 6.80 1018.00

FAHY 06616 47.43 6.95 596.00

ZURICH-KLOTEN 06670 47.48 8.53 436.00

GUETSCH 06750 46.65 8.62 2287.00

LUGANO 06770 46.00 8.97 273.00

DAVOS 06784 46.82 9.85 1590.00

ABBEVILLE 07005 50.13 1.83 74.00

LILLE 07015 50.57 3.10 48.00

CAEN 07027 49.18 -0.45 78.00

ROUEN 07037 49.38 1.18 157.00

SAINT-QUENTIN 07061 49.82 3.20 98.00

REIMS 07070 49.30 4.03 95.00

BREST 07110 48.45 -4.42 99.00

RENNES 07130 48.07 -1.73 37.00

PARIS - AEROPORT CHARLES DE GAULLE 07157 49.02 2.53 118.00

TROYES 07168 48.33 4.02 118.00

NANCY/ESSEY 07180 48.68 6.22 225.00

STRASBOURG 07190 48.55 7.63 153.00

NANTES 07222 47.17 -1.60 27.00

TOURS 07240 47.45 0.72 108.00

BOURGES 07255 47.07 2.37 161.00

DIJON 07280 47.27 5.08 222.00

LUXEUIL 07292 47.78 6.35 278.00

LA ROCHELLE 07315 46.15 -1.15 4.00

LIMOGES 07434 45.87 1.18 396.00

CLERMONT-FERRAND 07460 45.78 3.17 332.00

LYON/SATOLAS 07481 45.73 5.08 248.00

BORDEAUX/MERIGNAC 07510 44.83 -0.70 49.00

GOURDON 07535 44.75 1.40 259.00

MONTELIMAR 07577 44.58 4.73 73.00

BIARRITZ 07602 43.47 -1.53 75.00

TOULOUSE/BLAGNAC 07630 43.63 1.37 152.00

NIMES/COURBESSAC 07645 43.87 4.40 60.00

MARSEILLE/MARIGNANE 07650 43.45 5.23 6.00

PERPIGNAN 07747 42.73 2.87 43.00

AJACCIO 07761 41.92 8.80 6.00

BASTIA 07790 42.55 9.48 8.00

LA CORUNA 08001 43.37 -8.42 58.00

SANTANDER 08023 43.47 -3.82 64.00

SAN SEBASTIAN/ IGUELDO 08027 43.30 -2.05 258.00

VIGO/PEINADOR 08045 42.22 -8.63 264.00

LOGRONO/AGONCILLO 08084 42.45 -2.33 353.00

ZARAGOZA/AEROPUERTO 08160 41.67 -1.02 263.00

BARCELONA/AEROPUERTO 08181 41.28 2.07 4.00

SALAMANCA/MATACAN 08202 40.95 -5.50 793.00

CACERES 08261 39.47 -6.33 405.00

ALBACETE/LOS LLANOS 08280 38.95 -1.85 702.00

VALENCIA/AEROPUERTO 08284 39.50 -0.47 69.00

PALMA DE MALLORCA/ SON SAN JUAN 08306 39.55 2.73 4.00

MENORCA/MAHON 08314 39.87 4.23 87.00

CIUDAD REAL 08348 38.98 -3.92 628.00

ALICANTE/EL ALTET 08360 38.28 -0.55 43.00

IBIZA/ES CODOLA 08373 38.87 1.38 7.00

SEVILLA/SAN PABLO 08391 37.42 -5.90 34.00

MALAGA/AEROPUERTO 08482 36.67 -4.48 16.00

ALMERIA/AEROPUERTO 08487 36.85 -2.38 15.00

GIBRALTAR 08495 36.15 -5.35 5.00

SAGRES 08538 37.00 -8.95 25.00

BEJA 08562 38.02 -7.87 246.00

PORTALEGRE 08571 39.28 -7.42 597.00

BRAGANCA 08575 41.80 -6.73 691.00

LISBOA/GAGO COUTINHO 08579 38.77 -9.13 104.00

SCHLESWIG 10035 54.53 9.55 43.00

ARKONA 10091 54.68 13.43 42.00

NORDERNEY 10113 53.72 7.15 11.00

CUXHAVEN 10131 53.87 8.70 5.00

HAMBURG-FUHLSBUETTEL 10147 53.63 10.00 16.00

SCHWERIN 10162 53.65 11.38 59.00

BREMEN 10224 53.05 8.80 3.00

NEUBRANDENBURG 10280 53.55 13.20 81.00

MUENSTER/OSNABRUECK 10315 52.13 7.70 48.00

HANNOVER 10338 52.47 9.68 56.00

MAGDEBURG 10361 52.12 11.58 79.00

BERLIN-TEMPELHOF 10384 52.47 13.40 50.00

DUESSELDORF 10400 51.30 6.77 45.00

FRITZLAR 10439 51.12 9.28 172.00

LEIPZIG-SCHKEUDITZ 10469 51.42 12.23 144.00

DRESDEN-KLOTZSCHE 10488 51.13 13.78 222.00

DOBERLUG-KIRCHHAIN 10490 51.65 13.58 97.00

GOERLITZ 10499 51.17 14.95 237.00

MEININGEN 10548 50.57 10.38 450.00

FRANKFURT/ M-FLUGHAFEN 10637 50.05 8.60 111.00

WUERZBURG 10655 49.77 9.97 268.00

HOF 10685 50.32 11.88 567.00

SAARBRUECKEN/ENSHEIM 10708 49.22 7.12 322.00

MANNHEIM 10729 49.52 8.55 96.00

STUTTGART- ECHTERDINGEN 10738 48.68 9.22 396.00

NUERNBERG 10763 49.50 11.08 319.00

REGENSBURG 10776 49.05 12.10 366.00

FREIBURG 10803 48.00 7.85 269.00

MUENCHEN, FLUGHAFEN 10870 48.37 11.80 453.00

PASSAU 10893 48.58 13.47 409.00

LINZ/HOERSCHING- FLUGHAFEN 11010 48.23 14.18 298.00

WIEN/HOHE WARTE 11035 48.25 16.37 203.00

PLZEN/DOBRANY 11448 49.65 13.27 364.00

PRAHA/RUZYNE 11518 50.10 14.25 365.00

CESKE BUDEJOVICE 11541 48.93 14.45 432.00

PRIBYSLAV 11659 49.58 15.77 533.00

BRNO/TURANY 11723 49.15 16.70 241.00

OSTRAVA/MOSNOV 11782 49.68 18.12 256.00

HURBANOVO 11858 47.87 18.20 115.00

POPRAD/TATRY 11934 49.07 20.25 694.00

KOSICE 11968 48.67 21.22 230.00

KOLOBRZEG 12100 54.18 15.58 3.00

USTKA 12115 54.58 16.87 6.00

HEL 12135 54.60 18.82 1.00

SUWALKI 12195 54.13 22.95 184.00

SZCZECIN 12205 53.40 14.62 1.00

TORUN 12250 53.03 18.58 69.00

BIALYSTOK 12295 53.10 23.17 148.00

GORZOW WLKP 12300 52.75 15.28 72.00

POZNAN 12330 52.42 16.83 86.00

WARSZAWA-OKECIE 12375 52.17 20.97 106.00

ZIELONA GORA 12400 51.93 15.53 192.00

WROCLAW II 12424 51.10 16.88 120.00

LODZ 12465 51.73 19.40 187.00

LUBLIN RADAWIEC 12495 51.22 22.40 238.00

JELENIA GORA 12500 50.90 15.80 342.00

KLODZKO 12520 50.43 16.62 356.00

CZESTOCHOWA 12550 50.82 19.10 293.00

KRAKOW 12566 50.08 19.80 237.00

KIELCE 12570 50.82 20.70 260.00

RZESZOW-JASIONKA 12580 50.10 22.05 200.00

MISKOLC 12772 48.10 20.78 233.00

SZOMBATHELY 12812 47.27 16.63 220.00

BUDAPEST/LORINC 12843 47.43 19.18 138.00

SZOLNOK 12860 47.12 20.23 84.00

DEBRECEN 12882 47.48 21.63 110.00

NAGYKANIZSA 12925 46.45 16.98 140.00

SIOFOK 12935 46.92 18.03 107.00

BAJA 12960 46.18 19.02 112.00

SZEGED 12982 46.25 20.10 82.00

LJUBLJANA/BEZIGRAD 14015 46.07 14.52 299.00

MARIBOR MESTO 14025 46.53 15.65 275.00

ZAGREB/MAKSIMIR 14240 45.82 16.03 123.00

DARUVAR 14258 45.60 17.23 161.00

SPLIT/MARJAN 14445 43.52 16.43 122.00

BANATSKI KARLOVAC 13180 45.05 21.03 90.00

VELIKO GRADISTE 13285 44.75 21.52 82.00

LESKOVAC 13389 42.98 21.95 230.00

OHRID 13578 41.12 20.80 760.00

SATU MARE 15010 47.80 22.88 123.00

BOTOSANI 15020 47.68 26.67 161.00

IASI 15090 47.17 27.63 102.00

BIRLAD 15197 46.23 27.67 172.00

ARAD 15200 46.20 21.40 117.00

DEVA 15230 45.88 22.90 230.00

FAGARAS 15235 45.85 24.98 428.00

GALATI 15310 45.50 28.02 71.00

SULINA 15360 45.15 29.67 3.00

DROBETA TR. SEVERIN 15410 44.63 22.63 77.00

BUCURESTI/IMH 15420 44.50 26.13 90.00

CRAIOVA 15450 44.23 23.87 192.00

ROSIORI DE VEDE 15470 44.12 25.00 102.00

CONSTANTA 15480 44.22 28.63 13.00

LOM 15511 43.82 23.25 32.00

VARNA 15552 43.20 27.92 41.00

SOFIA (OBSERV.) 15614 42.65 23.38 586.00

BURGAS 15655 42.48 27.48 16.00

MILANO/LINATE 16080 45.43 9.28 107.00

VERONA/VILLAFRANCA 16090 45.38 10.87 67.00

VENEZIA/TESSERA 16105 45.50 12.33 2.00

GENOVA/SESTRI 16120 44.42 8.85 2.00

RIMINI 16149 44.03 12.62 12.00

FIRENZE/PERETOLA 16170 43.80 11.20 40.00

PERUGIA 16181 43.08 12.50 208.00

PESCARA 16230 42.43 14.20 10.00

NAPOLI/CAPODICHINO 16289 40.85 14.30 88.00

POTENZA 16300 40.63 15.80 823.00

BRINDISI 16320 40.65 17.95 15.00

S. MARIA DI LEUCA 16360 39.82 18.35 104.00

PALERMO/PUNTA RAISI 16405 38.18 13.10 21.00

MESSINA 16420 38.20 15.55 59.00

GELA 16453 37.08 14.22 11.00

PANTELLERIA 16470 36.82 11.97 191.00

GUARDIAVECCHIA 16506 41.22 9.40 158.00

ALGHERO 16520 40.63 8.28 23.00

CAGLIARI/ELMAS 16560 39.25 9.07 4.00

LUQA 16597 35.85 14.48 91.00

THESSALONIKI/MIKRA 16622 40.52 22.97 8.00

ALEXANDROUPOLIS 16627 40.85 25.92 7.00

KERKYRA 16641 39.62 19.92 2.00

LIMNOS(AIRPORT) 16650 39.92 25.23 5.00

MYTILINI 16667 39.07 26.60 17.00

ANDRAVIDA 16682 37.92 21.28 17.00

SKYROS 16684 38.90 24.55 15.00

ATHENS(HELLINIKON) 16716 37.90 23.73 28.00

SAMOS (AIRPORT) 16723 37.70 26.92 2.00

NAXOS 16732 37.10 25.38 9.00

KYTHIRA 16743 36.28 23.02 167.00

RHODES (PARADISSI) 16749 36.40 28.08 4.00

HERAKLION 16754 35.33 25.18 37.00

ZONGULDAK 17022 41.45 31.80 136.00

EDIRNE 17050 41.67 26.57 48.00

ISTANBUL/ATATURK 17060 40.97 28.82 48.00

CANAKKALE 17112 40.13 26.40 3.00

BURSA 17116 40.18 29.07 101.00

BALIKESIR 17150 39.62 27.92 101.00

AKHISAR 17184 38.92 27.85 93.00

USAK 17188 38.67 29.42 919.00

ISPARTA 17240 37.75 30.55 997.00

MUGLA 17292 37.20 28.35 646.00

ANTALYA 17300 36.70 30.73 50.00

PADUN 22106 68.60 31.85 63.00

KALEVALA 22408 65.22 31.17 120.00

REBOLY 22602 63.83 30.82 182.00

SORTAVALA 22802 61.72 30.72 19.00

PETROZAVODSK 22820 61.82 34.27 110.00

VYBORG 22892 60.72 28.73 13.00

TALLIN 26038 59.42 24.80 44.00

ST.PETERBURG 26063 59.97 30.30 6.00

KURESSAARE 26215 58.23 22.05 4.00

PSKOV 26258 57.82 28.42 45.00

LIEPAJA 26406 56.48 21.02 7.00

RIGA 26422 56.97 24.05 7.00

VELIKIE LUKI 26477 56.35 30.62 106.00

SIAULIAI 26524 55.93 23.32 106.00

DAUGAVPILS 26544 55.87 26.62 122.00

DOTNUVA 26620 55.40 23.87 69.00

KALININGRAD 26702 54.72 20.55 21.00

VILNIUS 26730 54.63 25.10 162.00

MINSK 26850 53.93 27.63 231.00

MOGILEV 26863 53.95 30.07 192.00

BREST 33008 52.12 23.68 146.00

MOZYR' 33036 51.95 29.17 170.00

SOMEL' 33041 52.40 30.95 126.00

SARNY 33088 51.28 26.62 154.00

VOLODYMYR-VOLYNS'KYI 33177 50.83 24.32 193.00

SHEPETIVKA 33317 50.17 27.03 277.00

KYIV 33345 50.40 30.57 166.00

L'VIV 33393 49.82 23.95 319.00

IVANO-FRANKIVS'K 33526 48.97 24.40 275.00

VINNYTSIA 33562 49.23 28.60 296.00

UMAN' 33587 48.77 30.23 214.00

UZHHOROD 33631 48.63 22.27 115.00

CHERNIVTSI 33658 48.37 25.90 242.00

MOHYLIV-PODIL'S'KYI 33663 48.45 27.78 77.00

VOZNESENS'K 33777 47.57 31.33 26.00

KISINEV 33815 47.02 28.98 173.00

ODESA 33837 46.43 30.77 42.00

GENEVE-COINTRIN 06700 46.2500 6.1300 420.00

LOCARNO-MAGADINO 06762 46.1700 8.8800 197.00

VADUZ(LIECHTENSTEIN) 06990 47.1300 9.5200 460.00

NEUCHATEL 06604 47.0000 6.9500 485.00

PLAFFEIEN-OBERSCHROT 06628 46.7500 7.2700 1042.00

NAPF 06639 47.0000 7.9300 1407.00

WYNAU 06643 47.2500 7.7800 422.00

ZURICH (TOWN/VILLE). 06660 47.3800 8.5700 556.00

SAENTIS 06680 47.2500 9.3500 2490.00

ST. GALLEN 06681 47.4300 9.4000 779.00

LA DOLE 06702 46.4300 6.1000 1670.00

AIGLE 06712 46.3300 6.9200 381.00

MONTANA 06724 46.3200 7.4800 1508.00

JUNGFRAUJOCH 06730 46.5500 7.9800 3580.00

INTERLAKEN 06734 46.6700 7.8700 580.00

PIOTTA 06753 46.5200 8.6800 1007.00

COMPROVASCO 06756 46.4700 8.9300 575.00

CIMETTA 06759 46.2000 8.8000 1672.00

LOCARNO-MONTI 06760 46.1700 8.7800 366.00

STABIO 06771 45.8500 8.9300 353.00

DISENTIS 06782 46.7000 8.8500 1190.00

SAN BERNARDINO 06783 46.4700 9.1800 1639.00

CHUR-EMS 06786 46.8700 9.5300 555.00

CORVATSCH 06791 46.4200 9.8200 3315.00

SAMEDAM-FLUGPLATZ 06792 46.5300 9.8800 1705.00

ROBBIA 06794 46.3500 10.0700 1078.00

BASEL-BINNINGEN 06601 47.5500 7.5800 316.00

CHASSERAL 06605 47.1300 7.0700 1599.00

MOLESON 06609 46.5500 7.0200 1972.00

LA FRETAZ 06619 46.8300 6.5800 1202.00

SCHAFFHAUSEN 06620 47.6800 8.6200 437.00

GUETTINGEN 06621 47.6000 9.2800 440.00

BERN-LIEBEFELD 06631 46.9300 7.4200 565.00

BUCHS-SUHR 06633 47.3800 8.0800 387.00

RUENENBERG 06645 47.4300 7.8800 610.00

LUZERN 06650 47.0300 8.3000 456.00

ENGELBERG 06655 46.8200 8.4200 1035.00

RECKENHOLZ 06664 47.4300 8.5200 443.00

WAEDENSWIL 06673 47.2200 8.6800 463.00

TAENIKON 06679 47.4800 8.9000 536.00

GLARUS 06685 47.0300 9.0700 515.00

CHANGINS 06705 46.4000 6.2300 430.00

PULLY 06711 46.5200 6.6700 461.00

FEY 06716 46.1800 7.2700 737.00

LE GRAND SAINT-BERNARD HOSPICE 06717 45.8700 7.1700 2472.00

EVOLENE-VILLAZ 06722 46.1200 7.5200 1825.00

VISP 06727 46.3000 7.8500 640.00

ADELBODEN 06735 46.5000 7.5700 1320.00

GRIMSEL HOSPIZ 06744 46.5700 8.3300 1980.00

ULRICHEN 06745 46.5000 8.3200 1345.00

ZERMATT 06748 46.0300 7.7500 1638.00

WEISSFLUHJOCH 06780 46.8300 9.8200 2690.00

HINTERRHEIN 06788 46.5200 9.1800 1611.00

SCUOLS 06798 46.8000 10.2800 1298.00

german list
German list:

10015 Helgoland............. 10028 St Peter-Ording........

10035 Schleswig............. 10055 Fehmarn................

10091 Arkona................ 10113 Norderney..............

10129 Bremerhaven........... 10131 Cuxhaven...............

10147 Hamburg Fuhlsbuettel.. 10161 Boltenhagen............

10170 Rostock-Warnemuende.... 10184 Greifswald.............

10200 Emden-Flugplatz....... 10224 Bremen.................

10270 Neuruppin.............. 10291 Angermuende............

10315 Muenster/Osnabrueck.... 10321 Diepholz...............

10338 Hannover............... 10348 Braunschweig...........

10361 Magdeburg.............. 10379 Potsdam................

10382 Berlin-Tegel........... 10384 Berlin-Tempelhof.......

10385 Berlin-Schoenefeld..... 10393 Lindenberg.............

10400 Duesseldorf............ 10427 Kahler Asten...........

10453 Brocken................ 10460 Artern.................

10469 Leipzig-Schkeuditz..... 10480 Oschatz................

10488 Dresden-Klotzsche...... 10496 Cottbus................

10499 Goerlitz............... 10501 Aachen.................

10506 Nuerburg-Barweiler..... 10513 Koeln/Bonn.............

10532 Giessen................ 10544 Wasserkuppe............

10548 Meiningen.............. 10554 Erfurt-Bindersleben....

10557 Neuhaus a.R. .......... 10567 Gera-Leumnitz..........

10577 Chemnitz............... 10578 Fichtelberg............

10609 Trier-Petrisberg....... 10616 Hahn...................

10637 Frankfurt/M.-Flughafen. 10655 Wuerzburg..............

10685 Hof.................... 10688 Weiden.................

10708 Saarbruecken-Ensheim... 10738 Stuttgart-Echterdingen.

10763 Nuernberg.............. 10776 Regensburg.............

10788 Straubing.............. 10805 Lahr...................

10836 Stoetten............... 10852 Augsburg...............

10870 Muenchen, Flughafen.... 10895 Fuerstenzell...........

10929 Konstanz............... 10946 Kempten................

10962 Hohenpeissenberg.......