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The Emergence of the First Global Age. 1450-1770. Look at the following images and try to figure out the theme. CHANGE. Change. Major concept for the next 6 weeks Change creates struggles and achievements that led to expansion and globalization.

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Presentation Transcript
change1
Change
  • Major concept for the next 6 weeks
  • Change creates struggles and achievements that led to expansion and globalization.
  • Focusing on European expansion 15th and 16th centuries, Renaissance, Reformation, Rising Military Powers.
exploring a human urge
Exploring: A human Urge
  • Humans are exploring creatures
  • Why explore?
  • Wealth, fame, or thrill?
set sail
Set sail
  • As early at 1500 B.C. the Egyptians were making boats of long, flat pieces of wood, powered by sails.
  • Greeks 1000 B.C. mastered the Mediterranean.
  • Vikings 8th-11th century terrorizing people.
  • It wont be until the late 1400’s that “explorers” actually get some credit.
  • Europe is out of the “dark ages” and people are becoming educated.
  • Willing to take risks to get ahead.
think about it
Think about it
  • In your groups I want you guys to jot down what you think are the 5 most common jobs of today are.
today
Today
  • Retail - Total employment: 4,209,500
  • Cashier - Total employment: 3,439,380
  • Office Clerk - Total employment: 2,815,240
  • Food prep - Total employment: 2,695,740
  • Registered Nurse Total employment: 2,583,770
back in the 1400 s
Back in the 1400’s
  • Math was needed for ship building.
  • Astronomy was needed for navigation and map construction.
  • Merchant to trade spices.
  • Fisherman: They’re truly are a lot of fish in the sea.
  • Explorer..lots of school…lots of luck…lots of begging for money. But if you “discover” something new you get all of this…
columbus
Columbus
  • Nice Ship
so why columbus
So why Columbus?
  • So pivotal has his own era “pre- Columbian.”
  • People reached America prior to Columbus.
  • Columbus introduced two phenomena that “revolutionized race relations and transformed the modern world.”
  • Taking land, wealth, and labor from indigenous people.
  • Setting up the transatlantic slave trade, which would lead to a racial underclass.
slavery in african history
Slavery in African History
  • Didn’t begin with slave ships crossing the Atlantic.
  • Capturing enemies was an ancient practice not limited to Africa.
  • World wide.
slavery in africa
Slavery in Africa
  • In 1200’s slavery was a major source for Muslim traders from Arabia.
  • Buy them from rulers of East African city states.
  • Spread into South Asia.
  • Most of them women.
  • 10,000 people forced into slavery a year.
  • Women slaves disrupted marriage patterns (birthrates fell).
europeans and slavery
Europeans and Slavery
  • 1400’s Portugal
  • First interested in gold in Ghana.
  • Slavery came later
  • Trading posts and small forts.
transatlantic slave trade
Transatlantic Slave Trade
  • Columbus and the new world.
  • Spain began to explore the new world.
  • Opened sugar plantations and tobacco plantation.
  • Europeans wanted someone else for the job.
  • First thought Natives.. but died from disease.
  • Looked to Africa.
slide19
1532
  • 1532 start
  • 1630’s demanded for slave labor.
  • Only 5% of slaves came to America.
  • In North America cotton, tobacco, textiles, and guns were exchanged for slaves.
review
Review
  • Around what time frame does exploration start to take off? Why?
  • What was the purpose of exploration?
  • What were some famous jobs during the 1400’s?
  • Where did Columbus think he was?
  • Why would Columbus’s “discovery” of the new world be significant in the years to come?
  • What was the purpose of the triangle trade?
exit slip
Exit Slip
  • Christopher Columbus is often credited with “discovering” America, although the land he discovered was already inhabited. Imagine that you are one of the Native Americans who was living in North America when Columbus arrived. You later learn that he has taken credit for the “discovery” of your home. Write a response to his claim.