euphorbiaceae the spurge family n.
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Euphorbiaceae : The Spurge Family. By: Josh Carlson 4-12-10. http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/cropprot/weedguid/images/11b.jpg. The Spurge Family. 310-320 genera 7500 species Most common in tropical settings Species that live in MN Grasslands, agricultural fields, forests. The Spurge Family.

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euphorbiaceae the spurge family

Euphorbiaceae: The Spurge Family

By: Josh Carlson

4-12-10

http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/cropprot/weedguid/images/11b.jpg

the spurge family
The Spurge Family
  • 310-320 genera
  • 7500 species
  • Most common in tropical settings
  • Species that live in MN
    • Grasslands, agricultural fields, forests
the spurge family1
The Spurge Family
  • Herbs, shrubs, stem succulents (thick water-filled stems); e.g., cactus or aloe
  • Leaves: alternate or opposite or whorled, simple or palmate, stipulate or estipulate,
  • Monoecious or dioecious
  • Flowers: imperfect, regular or naked
  • Sepals:0-8 (usually 5)
    • Distinct and or connate
the spurge family2
The Spurge Family
  • Petals: 4-8
    • Distinct or basally connate
  • Stamens: 1- many
    • Distinct or connate
  • Carpels: 3
    • Ovary superior with 1-20 locules
  • Fruit: schizocarpiccapsule (rarely a drupe, pod, berry, or samara)
euphorbia esula leafy spurge
Euphorbia esula: Leafy Spurge

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.em.ca/garden/native/Euphorbia_esula2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://em.ca/garden/native/nat_Euphorbia%2520esula.html&h=752&w=500&sz=131&tbnid=_Bs8_orx1l-dSM:&tbnh=276&tbnw=183&prev=/images%3Fq%3Deuphorbia%2Besula&hl=en&usg=__JwxcdIfqqNPe7NDUzppkv4V3-Ug=&ei=mjfDS-fjOdOonQe7xP24CA&sa=X&oi=image_result&resnum=1&ct=image&ved=0CAkQ9QEwAA

Leaves: alternate

Fruit: capsule

Flowers: yellow

If broken both the stem and leaves secrete a milky fluid

Invasive Plant

euphorbia corollata flowering spurge
Euphorbia corollata: Flowering Spurge

http://www.main.nc.us/graham/wildflowers/White/Flowering%20Spurge%20(Euphorbia%20corollata)%20Spurge%20Family%201.jpg

Leaves: alternate below inflorescences and opposite near to it

Fruit: capsule

Flowers: white

literature cited
Literature Cited

Walters, Dirk., Keil, David., Murrell, Zack. 2006. Vascular Plant Taxonomy . 5th ed. U.S.: Kendall/Hunt. 423. Print.

http://www.team.ars.usda.gov/v2/leafyspurge.html.

http://www.missouriplants.com/Whitealt/Euphorbia_corollata_page.html. 2002