KEEP YOUR COMPUTE SAFE. AND HOW TO FIX IT. OBJECTIVE . Keep your computer safe. -Not about spam, phishing or browser hijacks Designed for the non-geek user Section 1: A little about malware Section 2: User accounts Section 3: Create a Windows repair disk
AND HOW TO FIX IT
Keep your computer safe.
-Not about spam, phishing or browser hijacks
Designed for the non-geek user
Section 1: A little about malware
Section 2: User accounts
Section 3: Create a Windows repair disk
Section 4: Imaging (Separate Seminar)
Anything that you don’t want on your computer
-Trojan software (hidden program)
(Flash, Java, IE browser, Adobe Reader)
Any of these can allow an undesired program to be installed and run on your computer
NOTE: This only affects WINDOWS computers
Why this doesn’t always work:
Complete control over computer
Cannot install software, delete/change system files or change system settings without using the Administrator password.
Only meant for temporary access.
Windows comes with two accounts, Administrator and Guest.
The Administrator account is enabled by default. Malware inherits user account status, and if Administrator, malware can do almost anything
A Standard User account is severely limited in what can be done. Can’t install software/change sys files
Creating and using a Standard account will protect your computer from a lot of Internet attacks.
The secret to keeping your PC safe is to run as a Standard User instead of Administrator. Malware will not be installed.
The next group of slides show you how to create a Standard User Account in Windows 7 and Windows 8.1
Open Control Panel, under User Accounts and Family Safety, click Add or Remove user account
Reboot to see the newly created user account
Click Windows Key.
Type PC Settings then click Enter key
As a Standard User, Windows Update MUST be set to Download and Install Windows Updates Automatically…or Windows will not update.
The next group of slides will show you how to do this in Windows 7 and Windows 8.1
Tick the top three boxes below, last box is optional.
Click Windows key, type “PC Settings”
Top red box, this is what you want. If this isn’t the option showing, click “Choose how windows updates gets installed” in second red box
Standard users won’t be able to make any impt system changes without the Admin password
The next section of the seminar shows you how to make an Image of your computer’s C: drive (this is the drive that has Windows on it).
Windows 7 and Windows 8 include software to make the disk image for you. There are third party free and disk imaging programs, but these are not required as the built-in software is easy to use.
Let’s assume your computer gets corrupted. Or, maybe your hard drive failed. Traditionally, this required re-installing Windows and all your programs and settings, a time-consuming affair.
However, had you created an image of your C: drive initially, you can easily repair your PC in minutes with little effort.
The remainder of the seminar will show you how to do this in Windows 7 and 8
An external USB drive at least as big as your C: drive in your computer. A 1TB drive is about $70. The Image will use ALL of your external drive, so you may want to use a free program, such as EaseUS Partition Master Free to make one partition for your image keeping the second partition for data storage.
Optional, but recommended, is a thumb drive, minimum 1GB, to create a Windows repair disk
New computers don’t include any Windows disks. In the event that Windows files get corrupted and the computer cannot boot, having a windows repair disk is essential as it is required to install your disk image.
For Win7, we will create a CD or DVD repair disk.
You will need a blank CD or DVD
For Win8, we will use a thumb drive. You will need at least a 1 GB thumb drive.
1. Click Start, and type System Repair Disk into the search box:
2. Select your CD/DVD drive (make sure you have a blank disk in it) and click Create disc. When completed, remove the disk and label it.
2. On the screen that pops up, DO NOT CHECK the box indicated below. You do NOT want to include the factory recovery image on your Recovery Drive that you are creating.
3. Make sure you have the proper drive selected if you have more than one USB drive plugged in. Click NEXT
4. Note that everything on the thumb drive will be deleted, so make sure there is nothing on the drive you want to keep. Click CREATE.
5. Your Recovery Drive is now created. Click Finish. Label and store in secure place.
1. Click Start Menu on desktop, then Getting Started and click on Back up your Files
3. Select your external USB drive where you want to save the image. Note this drive will be erased, so ensure there is nothing on it.
Note your backup drive needs to be at least as big as the spaced used on your C: drive
After your backup is complete, you will be asked if you want to create a system repair (recovery) disk (which I showed you how to do previously). If you already created a recovery disk, click No; if not, click yes and follow the instructions.
In the future, if you computer won’t boot, insert your recovery disk into the drive and reboot. Press any key when the first screen appears, then the second screen appears:
When complete, your computer is restored to the date of your image including all programs and data. All that is left is to add any programs/data that you installed since image was made.
4. Select On a Hard Disk and choose your disk. NOTE: You will get a warning if you are creating the Image on the same drive as Windows 8. Don’t do that! Click NEXT
5. Make sure only your C: drive is selected. Note that you will get a warning if your external USB drive is not big enough. ALSO, in this example, my computer has a second operating system (OS D:), so you can disregard this. Click Next
1. Power off the computer.
2. Connect the external drive containing the image to the computer.
3. Hold the Shift key while you turn on your computer.
10. This is a final confirmation. Heed the warning, don’t interrupt the process after you start it. Click Finish
11. The image restore will finish and your computer will reboot. In my case, it took 12 minutes. My Image was 32 GB and a slow USB 2 drive was used for backup.