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The Politics of Aid Different types of Aid Modern Studies Standard Grade
LI: What you will learn • What is aid? • What is meant by bilateral, multi-lateral aid, tied aid and boomerang aid.
Recap At you desk, brainstorm all the problems you can remember that developing countries have. For example: not enough food, dirty water, poor health care, AIDS, malaria, poor education, high infant mortality, drought, war
What is Aid? • Aid is help which can assist a country to overcome problems it faces. It can be long-term, short-term or medium term. • There are different types of aid. • Good aid focuses on the problems of a country and solves them by listening to the needs of the people.
Aid comes from 3 main sources • From governments of developed nations. • From international organisations such as the United Nations (UN). • From Voluntary organisations such as Oxfam, Christian Aid, Save the Children.
Types of Aid • Food Aid • Financial Aid • Equipment • Emergency Relief Aid • Specialist Workers and Experts • Military Aid
Activity 1 • Construct a mindmap detailing the different types of aid. • Give an example/brief explanation for each type of aid. Types of Aid
Activity 2 • Each group will be given a type of aid to discuss. • Discuss the advantages of this type of aid. (3 minutes) • Now discuss the disadvantages of this type of aid. (3 minutes) • Choose a spokesperson in your group to report back to the class.
Activity 3 • Now complete the following table in your jotter:
Activity 4 Answer the following questions in full and proper sentences. Try to include as much detail as possible. • Which two types of aid do you feel are the best long-term solutions? Give reasons for your answers. • Which two types of aid do you feel are the best short-term solutions? Give reasons for your answers.
Bilateral Aid • Bilateral aid is given by one country to another country.
Multilateral Aid • Multilateral aid is given by a group of countries; e.g. aid given by the United Nations (UN) or the European Union (EU). • By 1986 one third of all aid given to sub-Saharan Africa came from EU members.
Sub-Saharan Africa • Sub-Saharan Africa is the term used to describe those countries of the African continent that are not considered part of North Africa
Tied Aid • When bilateral aid is given, there are usually conditions attached. • A country may be given a grant from Britain, but in return a proportion of that money has to be spent on British goods and services. • This is called tied aid and is sometimes referred to as boomerang aid.
Boomerang Aid Grants & loans given to African countries from donor countries DONOR COUNTRY Orders,for machinery, vehicles, spare parts and instructors Grants and loans to be spent buying goods and services from the donor country
Activity 1 • Complete questions 4+5 on p.14