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Gap Year, a Year On. William S. McCulloch. Agenda. Gap year - what it is and what it is not Types of gap year activities Benefits of gap year participation Drawbacks of gap year participation Ideal gap year candidates Deciding to take a year on Gap year planning process

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gap year a year on

Gap Year, a Year On

William S. McCulloch

agenda
Agenda
  • Gap year - what it is and what it is not
  • Types of gap year activities
  • Benefits of gap year participation
  • Drawbacks of gap year participation
  • Ideal gap year candidates
  • Deciding to take a year on
  • Gap year planning process
  • Gap year programs
  • Frequently Asked Questions
gap year what it is and what it is not
Gap year: What it is and what it is not

A Year On 

A Year Off 

Unplanned

Unemployment

Vacation

Sleeping on the couch all summer

  • Intentional
  • Planned
  • Goal driven
  • Long-term course

Birch & Miller (2007); Engle (2010); Heath (2007); Jones (2004)

types of gap year activities
Types of gap year activities

Structured

Unstructured

Work

paid internship

part-time job

Learning

independent

Travel

“backpack across Europe”

road trip across USA

  • Work
    • internship
    • career exploration
    • volunteer
  • Learning
    • organized
    • discover interests
    • get ahead
  • Travel
    • volunteer tourism
    • semester at sea

DeLuca (2008); Heath (2007); Jones (2004); Simpson (2004); Simpson (2005)

benefits of participation
Benefits of participation
  • Gain
    • perspective
    • maturity
    • clearer plan
    • independence
    • accomplishment
    • motivation
  • Reduce
    • college dropout
  • Develop
    • interests
    • life skills
    • work skills
  • Earn
    • money
    • non-academic certifications
  • Have fun!

Birch & Miller (2007); Bull (2006); Crume (2006); DeLuca (2008); Engle (2010); Gregory (2010); Jones(2004); Schwartz (2004); Smith(2009); Willcoxson, Cotter, & Joy (2011)

drawbacks of participation
Drawbacks of participation

General

Volunteer tourism

Inability to deliver

Cultural exchange

Skill development

Safety

Idealized view vs. reality of experience

Quality assurance

Participant accreditation

  • Opportunity costs
    • time and money (earning)
  • Demotivation to return to school
  • Wasted time through poor planning
  • Academic disadvantage
  • Accrual of personal debt

Jones (2004); Simpson (2004); Simpson (2005)

ideal gap year candidates
Ideal gap year candidates
  • Everyone!
  • Lack of career guidance
  • Poor academic motivation
  • Financial need
  • College bound with a plan
    • Some colleges encourage a gap year
    • Note: some departments (i.e., math) discourage a gap in instruction

Birch & Miller (2007); Bull (2006); Gergerich (2003); Harder (2006); Martin (2010)

deciding to take a year on
Deciding to take a year on
  • Influences
    • school
    • peers
    • parents
  • Information
    • guidance counselor
      • academic and career planning
    • participants
      • learn from their experiences

Jones (2004); Wells & Lynch (2012)

p lanning considerations
Planning considerations

Finances

College

admissions and deferment

Apply to college of choice

Acceptance

Request deferment

provide plan of goals and benefits

  • Plan/budget early
  • Financing methods
  • Volunteer tourism
    • unpaid
    • travel cost
  • Provider fees
  • Stipends

Engle (2010); Gregory (2010); Hustrand (2010); Jones (2004)

gap year programs
Gap year programs
  • Year Out Group
    • www.yearoutgroup.org
  • Global Citizen Year
    • www.globalcitizenyear.org
  • AmeriCorps
    • www.americorps.gov
  • USA Gap Year Fairs
    • www.usagapyearfairs.org
  • Planet Gap Year
    • www.planetgapyear.com
references
References

AmeriCorps. (2012). Homepage. http://www.americorps.gov

Birch, E., & Miller, P. W. (2007). The characteristics of ‘gap-year’ students and their tertiary academic outcomes. Economic Record,83(262), 329-344. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4932.2007.00418.x

Bull, H. (2006). The possibilities of the gap year. Chronicle Of Higher Education, 52(44), 77.

Crume, R. (2005). Is that child really ready for college? Journal Of College Admission, 188, 31-32.

DeLuca, S. (2008, February 26). Delay is a disadvantage. USA Today. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/printedition/news/20080226/oppose26.art.htm

Engle, T. (2010). Choosing a gap year can pay dividends for high school grads. Community College Week, 23(1), 20-22.

Gergerich, S. (2003). Experts suggest a year off before college - if you can afford it. Community College Week, 15(25), 19.

Global Citizen Year. (2012). Homepage. http://www.globalcitizenyear.org

Gregory, S. (2010, September 21). Time out: Gauging the value of a gap year before college. Time. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,2015783,00.html

Harder, B. (2006). The credibility in your gap year. U.S. News & World Report, 141(7), 98-99.

Heath, S. (2007). Widening the gap: pre‐university gap years and the ‘economy of experience’. British Journal Of Sociology Of Education, 28(1), 89-103. doi:10.1080/01425690600996717

Hulstrand, J. (2010). Time out: The gap year abroad. International Educator, 19(2), 50.

Jones, A. (2004). Review of gap year provision. Department for Education and Skills, RR555 University of London. Retrieved from https://www.education.gov.uk/publications/eOrderingDownload/RR555.pdf

references1
References

Martin, A. J. (2010). Should students have a gap year? Motivation and performance factors relevant to time out after completing school. Journal Of Educational Psychology, 102(3), 561-576. doi:10.1037/a0019321

Mitchell, J. (2012, May 31). Student debt rises by 8% as college tuitions climb. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition. A5.

Planet Gap Year. (2012). Homepage. http://www.planetgapyear.com

Schwartz, S. (2004). Should young people delay college?: A modest proposal. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, 84(4), 27-28.

Simpson, K. (2004). ‘Doing development’: The gap year, volunteer-tourists and a popular practice of development. Journal of International Development16, 681–692 (2004) Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI: 10.1002/jid.1120

Simpson, K. (2005). Dropping out or signing up? The professionalisation of youth travel. Antipode, 37(3), 447-469. doi:10.1111/j.0066-4812.2005.00506.x

Smith, G. T. (2009, November 7). Advice for the college-bound: Wait. The Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/11/06/AR2009110603606.html

USA Gap Year Fairs. (2012). Homepage. http://www.usagapyearfairs.org

Wells, R. S., & Lynch, C. M. (2012). Delayed college entry and the socioeconomic gap: Examining the roles of student plans, family income, parental education, and parental occupation. Journal of Higher Education, 83(5), 671-697.

Willcoxson, L., Cotter, J., & Joy, S. (2011). Beyond the first-year experience: The impact on attrition of student experiences throughout undergraduate degree studies in six diverse universities. Studies In Higher Education, 36(3), 331-352. doi:10.1080/03075070903581533

Year Out Group (YOG). (2012). Homepage. http://www.yearoutgroup.org