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Preschool Physical Development 3 & 4 year olds. Gross Motor Skills Fine Motor Skills Self Help Skills. General Facts. Growth slows down Posture is upright Average height –38 inches Average weight –32 pounds. Gross Motor- 3 years Use of the large muscles Arms Legs Back.

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preschool physical development 3 4 year olds

Preschool Physical Development 3 & 4 year olds

Gross Motor Skills

Fine Motor Skills

Self Help Skills

general facts
General Facts
  • Growth slows down
  • Posture is upright
  • Average height –38 inches
  • Average weight –32 pounds
slide3

Gross Motor- 3 years

  • Use of the large muscles
  • Arms
  • Legs
  • Back
hold up head roll over sit up crawl stand holding on stand alone walk

Walking-sequential skill

-Hold up head

-Roll over

-Sit up

-Crawl

-Stand holding on

-Stand alone

-Walk

climbing stairs sequential
Climbing Stairs - sequential
  • Ascending 2 Feet / Stair

Belly or butt slide down, feet first

  • Descending2 Feet /Stair
  • Alternate feet Ascending
  • Alternate feet descending
throwing a ball
Throwing a Ball
  • Underhand – small ball goes straight up
  • Overhand – small ball goes straight down
  • Best to use a large soft ball
catching a ball

Catching a Ball

Two arms pull to chest

Large ball or bean bag suggested

kicking a ball
Kicking a ball
  • Ball should be stationary
  • Rolled ball goes under leg
balance
Balance
  • On beam-walk heel to toe or sideways
  • Balance one foot-8 sec.
  • Hopping-one foot-3 consecutive hops, then stop for balance
  • Jumping-2 feet, can go forever
pedaling
Pedaling
  • Big Wheels are recommended
fine motor skills
Fine Motor Skills
  • Use of the small muscles
    • Fingers, toes
drawing sequential skill
Drawing- sequential skill
  • From shoulder, fist grip
  • From elbow, fist grip
  • From wrist, finger grip
  • From fingers, correct grip
  • Simple shapes,
  • Trace more complex shapes
drawing a face
Drawing a Face
  • Features are positioned but not proportioned
drawing a figure
Drawing a figure
  • Body has three parts
cutting sequential skill
Cutting –sequential skill
  • Can cut paper in half
  • Cannot cut on a line
self help skills
Self Help Skills
  • Toilet training
  • Eating
  • Dressing
  • Bathing
  • Grooming
toilet training
Toilet Training
  • Bowels First
eating
Eating
  • Spoons-fist grip used
  • Fork-stabbing motion
  • Knife-spread
  • Cup- 2 hands
  • Capable of clearing their place
dressing
Dressing
  • Give choices, not total freedom
  • Clothing backwards, inside-out, not matched, lopsided
  • Fasteners-one piece zippers, large buttons and snaps, unbuckle
  • Shoes on wrong feet
  • Cannot tie, need velcro
bathing
Bathing

Capable, but never leave alone

grooming
Grooming
  • Able to brush teeth and comb hair, but need parental help