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The Experience of Transition to IPv6. Sudan University of Science & Technology. Why a transition to IPv6?. The IPv4 addresses are running out The Internet routing system is getting overloaded IPv6 provides new features Virtually unlimited addressing space

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the experience of transition to ipv6

The Experience of Transition to IPv6

Sudan University of Science & Technology

why a transition to ipv6
Why a transition to IPv6?
  • The IPv4 addresses are running out
  • The Internet routing system is getting overloaded
  • IPv6 provides new features
    • Virtually unlimited addressing space

The size of an address in IPv6 is 128 bits, which is four times larger than an address in IPv4. A 32-bit address space allows for 232 or 4,294,967,296 possible addresses. A 128-bit address space allows for 2128 or 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 (3.4 × 1038) possible addresses.

    • Native support for mobility, security, multicast, etc.
    • Plug & play
kick start in sudan
Kick Start in sudan
  • National Telecom Corporation Initiative

Features of An Action Plan to Migration to IPv6

( 2011 – 2015)

And the Formation of the Sudanese IPv6 Taskforce ( SDv6 )

  • SUST Research and Development Center

Taking charge of testing the transition process ,then

created transition team

team has been started in 07/08/2010

ipv6 team
IPv6 Team
  • At the time of the second IPv6 workshop issued a decision of the National Telecommunication Corporation, where is configured to migration to the IPv6 .It had been taken after the Director of Computer Center resolution create a team of members of the team on the formation of this shift, where he was Each of the following :

1. Dr. Mohammed Awad . 2. Eng. Tariq Yassin. 3. T. Mohammad Yagob Geiger(was the establishment of the team).

ipv6 team members
IPv6 team Members
  • Mohamed Yagob Geiger. (team leader).
  • Ayman Basheer Ahmed Alfaki.
  • Huzifa Abd-Alazim.
  • MutazAbd-Alhamed.
  • Mohammad Othman Ali Ayad.
  • Mohammad Hasab-Elrasol .
  • Namarig Suliman.
  • Rayan Yousif Abdo-Algadir.
stage one
Stage one
  • ST6-Test lab
    • After creating team and gather information about new protocol, the team started to build a model (small IPv6 network), for testing and applying the new protocol on university's network.
  • Transition Mechanisms
    • Dual-stack Mechanism.
    • Tunnels Mechanism.
    • Translation Mechanisms.
    • Depending on transition mechanisms the team divided into three team, each team apply and test one of mechanisms.
dual stack team
Dual Stack team
  • Dual Stack Mechanism
    • Most used migration approach nowadays.
    • A host with a dual stack can interoperate with both IPv4 and IPv6 nodes using IPv4 or IPv6 packets.
    • The IPv4 protocol stack will be used if the destination address used by the application is an IPv4 address.
    • The IPv6 protocol stack will be used if the destination address used by the application is an IPv6 address.
tunnel team
Tunnel team
  • Tunnels Mechanism
    • tunneling Mechanism is consists of encapsulating IPv6 packets within IPv4, in effect using IPv4 as a link layer for IPv6.
  • Tunnels Types:
    • 6in4.
    • 6to4.
    • ISATAP.
    • Others.
  • Tunnel Broker
    • A tunnel broker is a service which provides a network tunnel.
    • These tunnels can provide encapsulated connectivity over existing infrastructure to a new infrastructure.
tunnels classification
Tunnels Classification
  • Host To Host Tunnel
slide13
Cont …
  • Router To Router Tunnel
slide14
Cont …
  • Router To Host & Host To Router Tunnel
slide15
Cont …
  • 6in4 and 6to4 are the Best types of this mechanism.
  • The team Found the Appropriate type of tunneling is Router to Router Tunnel.
translation group
Translation Group
  • Translation Mechanism
    • The term “translators” refers to devices capable of translating traffic from IPv4 to IPv6 or vice and versa.
    • This mechanism is intended to eliminate the need for dual-stack network operation by translating traffic from IPv4-only devices to operate within an IPv6 infrastructure.
    • We used the NAT-PT mechanism because it is the most available technique.
slide17
Cont …
  • Although there are many translation mechanism as we had seen but there are less compatible if we compared them with other transition techniques (dual-stack, tunneling).
  • We had simulated only the NAT-PT mechanism because it’s only embedded mechanism in CISCO router.
  • Also we would like to refer; in fact there is no need to use the translation technique. Because its only used when there are IPv6 only equipment or devices that connects to the network. But for truth there is no such a thing like that. All devices are either IPv4 only or IPv4/IPv6.
services
Services
  • DHCPv6.
  • DNS.
  • FTP.
  • HTTP.
dhcpv6
DHCPv6
  • Server
    • In ST6 Lab network we assigning address to hosts by using statefull autoconfiguration method, wide-dhcpv6-server under Ubuntu OS is intended to allow prefix delegation and host configuration for the IPv6 network protocol.
  • Client
    • To configure client get address & information, we using dhcpv6 client package for Linux and dibbler client for windows XP (windows 7 and vista support GUI configuration).
slide20
DNS
  • The ST6 Lab network has one primary DNS server .The server run the DNS software BIND version 9.
web ftp
Web & FTP
  • Web server
    • The running web server in the SUST Lab is Apache 1.3.29, which is used to host the website of the SUST IPv6 homepage.
  • FTP server
    • IPv6 support is included in the official source of the Proftpd ,and it proven high-performance, scalable FTP server.
ipv6 network model
IPv6 Network model

West Campus

stage two
Stage Two
  • Start the transition process in the university (west campus).
  • Enable IPv6 in hosts
  • Build IPv6 service
    • Configure DHCPv6 Server
      • Check the connectivity between stations.
    • Configure HTTP Server
    • Configure DNS Server
      • Client’s reach local domains using DNS.
    • Configure FTP Server
      • Check FTP connectivity in the university (west campus) network.
tunnel broker
Tunnel Broker
  • Hurricane Electric Tunnel broker
    • Because we haven’t got a native IPv6 link delivered from (Sudatel-Canar-SUIN), We using transition mechanisms like configured tunnel to access IPv6 internet by registering in Hurricane Electric Tunnel broker.
the first tunnel broker in sudan
The first tunnel broker in sudan
  • http://tunnelbroker.net/usage/tunnels_by_country.php
problems
Problems
  • ISPs
  • Hardware Supporting

(as router and printers)

  • Software Supporting

(as Operating System: windows7 ,windowsXP ,pervious versions and Linux ).

  • Firewalls.
  • Work Environment .
acknowledgment
Acknowledgment
  • National Telecom Corporation.

http://www.ntc.gov.sd/

  • College of Computer Center and Information Technology.

http://www.sustech.edu

  • AFRINIC.

http://www.afrinic.net