FORT RILEY MIDDLE SCHOOL - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  2. BOW – front of a vessel 4 Bow

  3. STERN – rear (back) of a vessel 2 Stern

  4. PORT– left side of a vessel 1 Port port and left both have 4 letters

  5. STARBOARD – right side of a vessel 3 Starboard

  6. STARBOARD – right side of PWC 3 PORT – left side of PWC 1 Starboard Port

  7. STERN – rear (back) of PWC 2 BOW – front of PWC 4 Stern Bow

  8. SWAMP – to fill with water CAPSIZE – to turn on the side or turn completely over 8

  9. FLOAT PLAN -A written plan of an outing left with a relative, friend, or local marina to provide a description of the vessel, list of persons on board, the detailed route, and expected return time 5 • Before going out on a boat or PWC it is always a good idea to tell someone where you are going • relative • friend • local marina 9

  10. FLOAT PLAN SHORTER DAYTIME OUTINGS on the water • Contact responsible person before you go out: • Tell where you will be boating • Tell when you plan to return • Give contact the phone number for local authorities in case you fail to return when expected • A date and time to contact the authorities if you fail to return • Contact responsible person again: • When you return or • If you decide to extend your time out on the water 10

  11. FLOAT PLANEXTENDED OUTINGS on the water – part 1 • Vesseldescription: • registration number • length • make • horsepower • engine type • Description and license plate of tow vehicle and trailer. • Names, numbers and addresses of passengers, and a contact in case of emergency. 11

  12. FLOAT PLANEXTENDED OUTINGS on the water – part 2 • Trip plan: • where going • detailed route • planned departure time • expected return time • location of stopping points, dates, and times. • Phone number for local authorities in case you fail to return when expected. 12

  13. VEHICLE MAINTENANCE - storage Store vessels in a dry area out of the sun. If you must store the vessel for a long period of time, place the trailer on blocks to preserve the tires. Keep the vessel covered, leaving an opening to circulate air. Hang canoes upside down. 13

  14. CASTING OFFbefore Make sure everyone on board is seated and wearing a life jacket. 14

  15. PRACTICE GOOD SEAMANSHIP It is the responsibility of every boat or PWC operator to take all necessary action to avoid a collision, taking into account the weather vessel traffic limits of other vessels Such action should be taken in ample time to avoid a collision and at a safe distance from other vessels. 6 15

  16. NAVIGATION SPECIALS Every operator is responsible for avoiding a collision. In complying with the navigation rules, operators must consider all dangers of navigation risk of collisions any special conditions, including the limitations of the vessels involved These considerations may make a departure from the navigation rules necessary to avoid immediate danger. 6 16

  17. RENDERING ASSISTANCE The navigation rules also require operators to stop and render assistance to a vessel in distress unless doing so would endanger their own vessel or passengers. 17

  18. NAVIGATION LIGHTS Navigation lights help you and other boaters determine which is the give-way vessel when encountering each other at night. These lights must be displayed from sunset to sunriseand during periods of restricted visibility, such as fog. 7 18

  19. POWER-DRIVEN VESSEL ENCOUNTERING OTHER VESSELS AT NIGHT 8 • When you see only a white light a white light, you are overtaking another vessel or it is anchored. • It is the stand-on vessel, whether underway or anchored. • You must go around it on either side. 19

  20. LOW-HEAD DAM – part 1 The low-head dam is the most dangerous type of dam and has been named the "drowning machine”. They may not be easily spotted because the top of a low-head dam can be several feet below the water's surface. Because of their small size and drop, low-head dams do not appear to be dangerous. Water going over a low-head dam creates a strong recirculating current or backroller (sometimes referred to as the "boil") at the base of the dam. 9 20

  21. Even on small rivers, the force of the backroller can trap your vessel against the face of the dam and pull you under the water even while wearing your personal flotation device (life jacket). Be aware that on large rivers or during high water the backroller or boil may be located more than 100 feet downstream of the dam. Avoid low-head dams. LOW-HEAD DAM – part 2 21

  22. LOW-HEAD DAM DIAGRAM Low-head dams pose a serious danger to vessel operators. Surface currents below low-head dams can suck vessels toward the face of the dam. • Currents above the low-head dams can sweep vessels over the dam. • The recirculating currents (boil) and turbulent waters below at the base of the dam can swamp vessels and drown boaters. 9 22

  23. OPERATER’S AGE REQUIREMENTS The minimum age for operating a vessel in Kansas is 12. No one under the age of 12 may operate a motorboat or personal watercraft on Kansas public waters unless accompanied by and under the direct supervision of a parent or person over the age of 17. It is illegal for the owner or person in possession of a vessel to allow a person who does not meet the age and boater safety education requirements to operate the vessel. 10 23

  24. It is illegal to: Operate a vessel at greater than “no wake speed” in any posted no wake zone or within 200 feet of any boat ramp boat dock boat storage concessionaire’s facilities moored vessel IMPROPER SPEED OR DISTANCE – part 2 11 24

  25. Operate a vessel within 200 feet of any marked swimming area Cause personal injury, damage or unnecessary inconvenience from the wake of your vessel IMPROPER SPEED OR DISTANCE – part 3 11 25

  26. PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES (PFDs)AGE REQUIREMENTS Persons 12 years of age or younger must wear a USCG–approved Type I, II, or III PFD while on board or being towed by a vessel. A life belt or ring will not satisfy the requirement. Inflatable PFDs are not recommended for nonswimmers or anyone under the age of 16. 12 26

  27. PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES (PFDs)CONDITION AND SIZE – part 1 All PFDs must be in good and serviceable condition and readily accessible. Regularly check for rips and tears. In particular, straps and hardware should be checked before leaving the dock. PFDs with rips, tears, or other damage Will NOT meet U.S. Coast Guard approval - and you may be fined. 27

  28. The PFDs must be of the proper size for the intended wearer. Sizing for PFDs is based on body weight and chest size. PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES (PFDs)CONDITION AND SIZE – part 2 13 28

  29. NAVIGATION LIGHTS – UNPOWERED VESSELSLESS THAN 23.0 FEET LONG WHEN UNDERWAY If not practical, have on hand at least one lantern or flashlight shining a white lightas shown in Figure 3. To prevent a collision, vessel operators should never leave shore without a flashlight. Even if you plan to return before dark, unforeseen developments might delay your return past nightfall. 14 29

  30. STOP THE SPREAD OF NUISANCE SPECIES Introducing non-native species into Kansas waters can upset the balance of the ecosystem, hurting the environment. Aquatic nuisance species such as zebra mussels most often spread between waterways by hitching a ride on vessels and trailers. When transplanted into new waters, these organisms proliferate, displacing native species and damaging the water resource. These zebra mussels were found in El Dorado Lake in August, 2003. 30

  31. PREVENT SPREADING AQUATIC NUISANCE SPECIES – part 1 Inspect your vessel and trailer, removing any visible plants and animals you see before leaving the waterbody. Drain your engine, live well, and bilge on land before leaving the waterbody. 15 31

  32. AN OPERATOR INVOLVED IN A BOATING ACCIDENT MUST Immediately stop his or her vessel at the scene of the accident and … Assist anyone injured or in danger from the accident, unless doing so would seriously endanger his or her own vessel or passengers and … Provide, in writing, his or her name, address, and vessel identification to anyone injured and to the owner of any property damaged by the accident. 16 32

  33. The best way to minimize the risk of dehydration is to drink plenty of water before you go out while on the water A good rule of thumb while you are boating in warm weather is to drink some water every 15-20 minutes. INCREASED RISK DUE TO DEHYDRATION – part 3 18 33

  34. Most accidents are preventable. They are cause by human error. ACCIDENT PYRAMID – part 1 17 34

  35. You also might be surprised to learn that: Typically, victims drown even though there are enough life jackets on the boat. Remember, you probably won't have time to put on your life jacket during an emergency. Get in the habit of wearing it. PROFILE OF A TYPICAL U.S. BOATING FATALITY 37

  36. Research has proven that one-third of the amount of alcohol that it takes to make a person legally intoxicated on land can make a boater equally intoxicated on the water. MINIMIZE RISK OF BOATING ACCIDENTAVOID ALCOHOL 19 38

  37. If he or she is unable to get to the dock, you should: REACH THROW ROW GO RESCUE TECHNIQUE 20 39

  38. RESCUE TECHNIQUE – REACH Extend a fishing rod, branch, oar, pole, boathook, shirt, towel, or other object that can be used to REACH out to the victim and pull him or her to safety. If nothing is available and the victim is within arm's reach, the rescuer should lie flat grab the victim's hand or wrist then pull him or her to safety 20 40

  39. RESCUE TECHNIQUE – THROW If the victim is too far away to reach and a boat isn't handy, THROW the victim a PFD or anything else that will float. 20 41

  40. RESCUE TECHNIQUE – ROW If a non-powered boat is convenient, ROW to the victim and then use an oar or paddle to guide the victim to the stern. Let the victim remain in the water while holding to the stern as you paddle to shore. If the victim is too weak to hold on, hold him or her until more help arrives. 20 42

  41. RESCUE TECHNIQUE – ROW If using a powerboat, stop the engine and glide to the victim from the downwind side. help the victim into the boat, avoiding sharp objects. 20 43

  42. RESCUE TECHNIQUE – GO Swimmers without lifesaving training should not swim to a victim. Never place yourself in the same danger. Instead, GO for help. If you must swim to a victim, take along anything that floats to keep between you and the victim. 20 44

  43. MINIMIZE RISK OF DROWNINGSWEAR PFDs (Life Jackets) – part 1 • Approximately 70% of all boating fatalities are drownings, and most of those fatalities could have been avoided. • Ninety percent of drowning victims are not wearing a life jacket – drownings are rare when boaters are wearing an appropriate PFD. 45

  44. PFDs must be readily accessible. Better yet, each person should wear a PFD because PFDs are difficult to put on once you are in the water. MINIMIZE RISK OF DROWNINGSWEAR PFDs (Life Jackets) – part 3 46

  45. CAPSIZING, SWAMPING OR FALLING OVERBOARDIF IT HAPPENS – part 1 If you should capsize or swamp your boat, or if you have fallen overboard and can't get back in, stay with the boat if possible. Your swamped boat is easier to see and will signal that you are in trouble. Signal for help using other devices available visual distress signals horn mirror 21 48

  46. If you made the mistake of not wearing a life jacket, find one and put it on. If you can't put it on, hold onto it. Have your passengers do the same. Take a head count. CAPSIZING, SWAMPING OR FALLING OVERBOARDIF IT HAPPENS – part 2 49

  47. Reach, throw, row, or go, if needed. If your boat remains afloat, try to reboard or climb onto it in get as much of your body out of the cold water as possible. Treading water will cause you to lose body heat faster, try to use the boat for support. CAPSIZING, SWAMPING OR FALLING OVERBOARDIF IT HAPPENS – part 3 50

  48. Don't panic. If you aren't wearing a life jacket, look for one floating in the water or other floating items coolers oars or paddles decoys etc. to help you stay afloat. IF YOUR BOAT SINKS OR FLOATS AWAY – part 1 51

  49. IF YOUR BOAT SINKS OR FLOATS AWAY – part 2 • Do your best • to help your passengers find something to help them float and stay together. • If you have nothing to support you, you may have to tread water or simply float. • In cold water, float rather than tread to reduce hypothermia. • Remember – Swimming to shore should be considered only as a last resort. 21 52

  50. If you must move, maintain three points of contact. keep both hands and one foot or both feet and one hand in contact with the boat at all times. Evenly distribute and balance the weight of persons and gear within the boat, keeping most of the weight low. It is extremely important not to overload a small boat. AVOID FALLING OVERBOARD – part 3 53