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PRINTMAKING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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PRINTMAKING. Printmaking is the process of creating duplicates of an image. The process involves creating a plate on which the image is drawn, carved, etched, built, or painted. The image is then transferred by inking the plate and pressing on to another surface. HISTORY OF PRINTMAKING.

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printmaking

PRINTMAKING

Printmaking is the process of creating duplicates of an image. The process involves creating a plate on which the image is drawn, carved, etched, built, or painted. The image is then transferred by inking the plate and pressing on to another surface.

history of printmaking
HISTORY OF PRINTMAKING
  • Originally NOT an art form- just form of communication
  • Prehistoric Era - Engravings found on stones, bones and cave walls.
  • 2nd century AD- Chinese produced rubbings, as far back as the 2nd century AD.
  • Mid-late 8th century - Japanese made first authenticated prints, wood-block rubbings of Buddhist charms
  • Early 15th century - First woodcuts printed on paper (German playing cards). First royal seals and stamps appeared in England for Henry VI.
  • Mid 15th century - Metal engravings introduced and became more refined.
  • Dürer- major influence on printmaking, famous for wood engravings and etching in Renaissance Europe.
  • Mid 1600’s – early 1700’s - Master woodcutter, Katsushika Hokusai, produced 35,000 drawings and prints
printmaking methods
PRINTMAKING METHODS
  • Relief printing
  • Intaglio printing
  • Planographic
  • Stencil
more about printmaking
MORE ABOUTPRINTMAKING
  • http://www.eyeconart.net/history/printmaking.htm
relief printing
RELIEF PRINTING
  • Relief printing is where a plate has multiple levels and the areas gouged or carved out remain uninked. Examples are: woodcut, linoleum block.
intaglio printing
INTAGLIO PRINTING
  • Intaglio printing is where a plate has multiple levels and the areas gouged or carved out receive the ink and transfer it. (Opposite of relief printing). Examples are etchings, engravings, and block prints that are inked properly and run through a press.
planographic printing
PLANOGRAPHIC PRINTING
  • Process of printing where a detailed drawing may be completed on limestone. The process involves wax repelling ink. Prints what is on the surface of the plate. Lithography is an example.
stencil printing
STENCIL PRINTING
  • A method of printing where open areas of a stencil or screen are printed. An example is silk screen printing. A separate screen is prepared for the printing of each color in a design. T-shirt designs are a common example of silk screen prints.
example of silk screen print
Example of Silk Screen Print
  • http://webexhibits.org/colorart/marilyns.html
adinkra
Adinkra
  • -Symbols for proverbs, sayings, attitudes, religious beliefs and social thoughts of some West African Societies.
  • Originated in 17th century in West Africa among Ashanti and Gyaman people of Ghana
  • War in 1818 between Kofi Adinkra and the Ashanti King because King Adinkra made a replica of the very symbolic and sacred Golden Stool, which enraged Nana Osei Bonsu-Panyin.
  • War led to beheading of King Adinkra.
  • Decorated fabric that Adinkra wore in the last battle was taken by the Ashanti as a trophy.
adinkra cont
Adinkra (cont.)
  • Symbols on the fabric took the name of the beheaded King - Adinkra.
  • Clothes adorned with Adinkra symbols were only worn by royalty and spiritual leaders during sacred ceremonies and rituals.
  • Root meaning of the term Adinkra is “farewell”
  • Symbols worn on the mourner's clothing usually expressed qualities attributed to the deceased.
  • Printing adinkra motifs is presently among the highest valued hand-printing and hand-embroidered works on cloth.
  • Adinkra symbols have grown worldwide, inspiring works of art in Jewelry, sculpture, interior decoration and design (including company logos).