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Structure and Role of Financial Market

Structure and Role of Financial Market

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Structure and Role of Financial Market

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  1. Structure and Role of Financial Market

  2. Learning points of this lesson • Describe the roles of different participants in the financial market.

  3. Participants in the Financial Market Class activity (5 mins) • Identify any three participants in the financial market on the contract notes and state their roles in the market. A real contract notes of the teacher (covering the address)

  4. Participants in the Financial Market Investors Part of the contract notes showing your name • To provide capital for the financial market and listed companies • Two types of investors: retail investors and institutional investors My photo  Retail investors are individual investors An real contract notes of the teacher (covering the address)  Institutional investors are organisations the hold a large amount of capital

  5. Participants in the Financial Market Replaced with the company shown on your contract notes Listed Companies • The securities of listed companies are traded on a stock exchange • The capital raising activities of listed companies can improve the image of the financial market • If the listed companies can maintain good corporate governance, the investors’ confidence can be raised

  6. Participants in the Financial Market Stock Brokers Replaced with the broker’s name shown on your contract notes • Stock brokers have to obtain a license issued by the Securities and Futures Commission before they executive trades of any securities for their clients • Stock brokers act as an agent which are responsible for managing the transactions between the buyers and sellers • E.g. securities companies, bank

  7. Participants in the Financial Market Stock Brokers • The roles of stock brokers are:  To receive trading ordersfrom clients  To input the order for sale and purchase of securities into the computer-trading system of HKEx  To notify clients that the transactions have been completed

  8. Participants in the Financial Market Replaced with that part shown on your contract notes Regulators • To regulate and supervise the operations of the financial market • To protect people who invest in financial products • To set standards for authorisation of financial products and licensing standards for intermediaries

  9. Participants in the Financial Market Regulators • To set and enforce market regulations • To license and supervise intermediaries seeking to conduct regulated activities • To supervise market operators • Toeducatethepublicabout the financial market of Hong Kong HKEx defends `secret' decision 07/08/2012 Hong Kong Exchange and Clearing (0388) yesterday defended its decision to allow China High Precision Automation中國高精密(0591) to resume trading. The mainland firm had earlier hidden part of its operation from auditors, citing "national security" concerns. http://finance.thestandard.com.hk/en/business_news_view.asp?aid=125097 Replaced with more updated news relating to SFC

  10. Participants in the Financial Market Regulators Replaced with that part shown on your contract notes • HKEx is the frontline regulator of issuers listed in Hong Kong. • It strictly enforces its listing, trading and clearing house rules in order to maintain open, fair, transparent and efficient markets in accordance with international standards and best practices Kong.

  11. Conclusion • Participants in financial market • _______________ • _________ companies • Share . • Stock . • Regulators • - _____________________ • - _____________________ • Bank

  12. Conclusion • Participants in financial market • Investors • Listed companies • Stockbrokers • Regulators • - Securities and Futures Commission • - Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited • Bank

  13. Test your learning 1)In Hong Kong, retail investors can trade listed securities on the stock exchange by themselves. True/False

  14. Test your learning 1)In Hong Kong, retail investors can trade listed securities on the stock exchange by themselves. True/False Retails investor need to trade securities on HKEx through Stock brokers (E.g. securities company, bank)