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Precision Holographic Baryons PILJIN YI (KIAS) Baryons 2010, Osaka, December 2010. ?. Koji Hashimoto Deog-Ki Hong Norihiro Iizuka Youngman Kim Sangmin Lee Jaemo Park Mannque Rho Ho- Ung Yee. H. Hata K.Hashimoto T. Sakai S. Sugimoto S. Yamato.

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Precision Holographic Baryons PILJIN YI (KIAS) Baryons 2010, Osaka, December 2010


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    1. PrecisionHolographic BaryonsPILJIN YI(KIAS)Baryons 2010, Osaka, December 2010 ? Koji Hashimoto Deog-KiHong NorihiroIizuka Youngman Kim Sangmin Lee Jaemo Park Mannque Rho Ho-UngYee H. Hata K.Hashimoto T. Sakai S. Sugimoto S. Yamato

    2. with a string theoretical holographic QCD model of very few adjustableparameters, can one do qualitative/quantitative particle physics of baryons and mesons ?

    3. holography keeps color-singlets ( large N master fields ) only: no trace of color indices remains in the D>4 holographic description 2. holography elevates a continuous global symmetry to a gauge symmetry: 4D flavor symmetry  5D flavor gauge symmetry

    4. Sakai, Sugimoto., 2004

    5. chiral symmetry = 5D large gauge transformation

    6. string theory origin: nonAdS/nonCFT with D4/D8-branes D8’s anti-D8’s D4’s D8’s

    7. warp factor IR flavor coupling function: it dictates all couplings and mass distributions (with ) in the flavor sector vs an extra UV parameter that appears because the underlying color theory is an open string theory and becomes QCD only at low energy

    8. holography keeps color-singlets ( large N_c master fields) only: no trace of original color indices remains in the dual string theory in 5D 2. holography elevates a continuous global symmetry to a gauge symmetry: 4D flavor symmetry  5D flavor gauge theory holographic description becomes a controllable effective field theory,as stringy components become decoupled

    9. Sakai, Sugimoto., 2004

    10. starting with this holographic effective action of mesons, realize the baryon as a coherent state (quantized soliton) & derive the effective action thereof with no new parameter

    11. Hong, Rho, Yee, P.Y., 2007 to be used at tree-level only, as dictated by the holography

    12. 5D  4D : pseudoscalars & spin 1 mesons pseudoscalars from open Wilson line massive spin 1 mesons from gauge-Higgsing

    13. 5D flavor gauge theory  4D chiral theory of mesons

    14. extrapolation to real QCD

    15. Sakai+Sugimoto, 2004

    16. also, consistent with E. Witten’s large N_c prediction ! NPB156, 269-283 (1979)

    17. 2. holography elevates a continuous global symmetry to a gauge symmetry: 4D flavor symmetry  5D flavor gauge theory baryon number  5D gauge U(1) charge

    18. solitonic baryon U(1) charge = N 

    19. classical size Hong, Rho, Yee, Yi, hep-th/0701276 Hata, Sakai, Sugimoto, Yamato, hep-th/0701280 this soliton size has little to do with either the charge radius or with the repulsive core seen by NN the latter two are separately computable and dictated by the couplings to spin 1 mesons and their masses

    20. Compton size << solitonsize << meson Compton sizes • the shape of the classical soliton is trustworthy, yet, it can still be treated point-like for interaction with mesons •  the baryon field

    21. then, after a long song and dance…….

    22. Hong, Rho, Yee, P.Y., 2007

    23. 5D minimal coupling 5D tensor coupling 5D mass function the holographic origin of 1. the leading axial coupling to pions, 2. nucleon anomalous magnetic moments, 3. minimal couplings to axial vectors, 4. tensor couplings to vectors, etc Hong, Rho, Yee, P.Y., 2007

    24. leading in leading in Hong, Rho, Yee, P.Y., 2007

    25. Hong, Rho, Yee, P.Y., 2007

    26. an effective action for 4D nucleons/mesons

    27. nucleon iso-singlet/triplet (axial-)vector mesons nucleon quartic terms also present but not shown

    28. numbers Kim, Lee, P.Y. 2009 all tensor couplings vanish identically, (meaning that coefficients of the respective leading 1/ N behavior vanish, and, thus, is NOT a consequence of large N counting) except for those associated with the tower of rho mesons

    29. numbers Kim, Lee, P.Y. 2009 nucleon R. Machaleidt, in Advances in Nuclear Physics, Vol. 19 Edited by J. W. Negele and E. Vogt (Plenum, New York, 1986), nucleon

    30. numbers from 5D minimal term nucleon from 5D tensor term Hoehler, Pietarinen, 1975 Stoks, Klomp, Terheggen, de Swart, 1994 Machleidt, 2001 Gross, Stadler, 2007 nucleon

    31. numbers nucleon pions it represents about 1/3 improvement over that of the Skyrmion picture a la Adkins-Nappi-Witten at 0.61 nucleon

    32. numbers Hong, Rho, Yee, P.Y.,2007 nucleon ? pions nucleon

    33. E&M charge form factor: complete vector dominance again

    34. NN potential

    35. a universal repulsive core between baryons from 5D Coulomb repulsion due to the baryon number as a gauge U(1) charge Kim, Zahed, 2009 Hashimoto, Sakai, Sugimoto, 2009 Lee, Kim, P.Y., 2009

    36. two-body nucleon potential from meson exchanges: large N limit Kim, Lee, P.Y. 2009

    37. Kim, Lee, P.Y. 2009

    38. two-body nucleon potential from meson exchanges: N=3 Kim, Lee, P.Y. 2009

    39. issues chiral limit  mass deformation by a technicolor ? chiral condensate invisible  string theory tachyon ? quenched  no practical answer here, yet because of this(?), order one mismatch of mass scales between the glueball sector / the meson sector / the baryon sector

    40. things to do compute physical processes directly within this model for meaningful comparisons with data better handling of many nucleon system dense matter in general incorporation of gravity  neutron star understand why such naïve extrapolation from holographic limit sometimes work at all for some quantities

    41. a stringy alternative to address many nucleon system ?matrix baryons K.Hashimoto, N.Iizuka, P.Y., 2010 next talk by Koji