igneous rocks
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Igneous Rocks

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

Igneous Rocks - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Igneous Rocks. Sire Kassama 2014. Intro to Info. Igneous: granite, basalt, crystallize from hot molten rock There are two main types of igneous rock: intrusive and extrusive Meteorites; igneous rocks from space

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Igneous Rocks' - rock

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
igneous rocks

Igneous Rocks

Sire Kassama


intro to info
Intro to Info
  • Igneous: granite, basalt, crystallize from hot molten rock
  • There are two main types of igneous rock: intrusive and extrusive
  • Meteorites; igneous rocks from space
  • Cinder: small chunks of rock about the size of a grape that solidify in the air; full of holes made by gas bubble
intro to info1
Intro To Info
  • Igneous rock never contain fossils and are normally hard
  • Volcanic bombs happen when small pieces of lava blast through air at high speed and cool very rapidly, most turn to volcanic ash and some form pumice which is light enough to float on water
igneous grain size
Igneous Grain Size
  • Phaneritic: size of grains are large enough to see unaided; characterized by slow cooling in plutonic environment
  • Aphanitic: grain size is too small to see with naked eye; characterized by rapid cooling in volcanic environments
  • Porphyritic: rock has distinct differences in the size of crystals
extrusive igneous rocks
Extrusive Igneous Rocks
  • Any igneous rock made on the surface of the volcano
  • Grains are too small to see because magma cooled quickly on earth’s surface and crystals do not have time to grow large and call these rocks fine grained
  • Sometimes lava cools so rapidly that no crystals grow and instead the lava turns to a glass like rock called obsidian or volcanic glass
  • Examples: rhyolite, andesite, obsidian
intrusive igneous rocks
Intrusive Igneous Rocks
  • Also known as Plutonic Rocks
  • Any igneous rock made underground
  • Characterized by coarse grains in rocks
  • Crystal minerals are large enough to see because magma cools slowly which gives crystals time to grow and call these rock coarse grained
  • Examples include: granite, gabbro, diorite
extrusive vs intrusive igneous rocks
Extrusive vs. Intrusive Igneous Rocks
  • Cooled and solidified at a considerable depth
  • Visual appearance reveals interlocking crystals forming the rock mass
  • Characterized by large crystal sizes
  • Cooling and hardening is typically quite slow
  • Surface feels relatively rough
  • Characterized by fine-grained textures
  • Formed at or above the surface of the planet
  • Cooling and hardening is typically quite rapid
  • Surface feels relatively smooth



  • Silica is the most abundant component
  • Named and identified on the basis of composition and texture
  • Formed from the crystallization of minerals
  • Contain feldspar minerals
  • May become transformed into sedimentary rocks when exposed to the Earth’s surface


The diagrams below show the crystals of four different rocks viewed through the same hand lens. Which crystals most likely formed from molten material that cooled and solidified most rapidly?
need to know on rocks
Need To Know on Rocks
  • TYPE ( Igneous, Sedimentary, metamorphic)
  • Igneous (Extrusive, Intrusive) (volcanic, plutonic) (felsic or mafic)
  • Sedimentary ( Clastic, chemical, biochemical, organic)
  • Metamorphic (Regional, Contact Metamorphism) (low grade-high grade)
  • Igneous (phaneritic, aphanitic, porphyritic)
  • Sedimentary (grain size)
  • Metamorphic Foliated or non-foliated
  • (Color)
  • USES
  • Is an extrusive igneous rock
  • Forms from Felsic
  • Found where there are explosive volcanoes along subduction boundaries
  • Has small crystals
  • Is intrusive igneous rock
  • Sometimes called black granite
  • Could occur as dikes or sills as it hardens in the ground
  • Normally dark and mottled in appearance
  • Minerals: plagioclase and hornblende
  • It’s extrusive form is andesite
  • Hardness: 7
  • Common extrusive igneous rock
  • Made from solidified lava
  • Sometimes made from volcanic bombs
  • Hardness: 6-7
  • It is the most abundant of Earth’s Volcanic Rocks and major component of ocean’s crust
  • Fine grained
  • Dark colored
  • Low viscosity (runny)
  • Moon’s dark patches
  • Minerals: augite and plagioclase
  • Minerals: quartz and feldspar
  • Hardness: 5.5
  • Often found with pumice
  • Extrusive igneous rock
  • Degrades over time
  • Black and sharp with frosted glassy surface
  • Used for surgical blades but was once important in ceremonial and sacrificial knives
  • Found in young lava flows
  • Intrusive Igneous Rock
  • Forms from mafic type magma
  • Is the intrusive form of basalt
  • Normally very dark color
  • Commonly made into countertops
  • Extrusive igneous rock
  • Made from thick sticky lava
  • Igneous rock sometimes containing crystals of beryl and garnet
  • Igneous Rock
  • Some giant stones of Stonehenge are dolerite
  • Intrusive igneous rock
  • Made of mostly quartz, feldspar and mica
  • Pink and white; coarse grained rock
  • Found in India, Italy, US
  • Used in Mt. Rushmore and buildings
  • Appears in huge bubbles of cooling magma called batholiths
  • Hardness: 6
  • Extrusive igneous rock
  • Vesicular because gases escaped from the lava when cooled
  • Can be related to rhyolite with its composition
  • Used to make building blocks, concrete, toothpaste, cosmetics, and soap
  • Can float in water
  • Often found with obsidian
  • Hardness: 6
  • Extrusive Igneous Rocks
  • Has volcanic origin
  • vesicular because gases escaped from the lava when cooled
other resources
Other Resources
  • The following questions and answers are from the New York State Regents Website: http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/core/questions/topics.cfm?Course=ESCI
  • Geology.com